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OLPC“每个孩子一台笔记型电脑”组织

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Computers, Children and the Digital Divide高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Development Report.Market r
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Computers, Children and the Digital Divide


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This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

Market researchers estimate that more than one billion personal computers are in use worldwide. Availability has improved in developing countries, but still remains limited compared to industrialized nations. Experts continue to debate how best to close this digital divide.

Nicholas Negroponte established the One Laptop Per Child project in two thousand five. He would like to put a low-cost laptop in the hands of every child, especially those living in extreme poverty. His nonprofit organization has shipped its specially designed laptop to developing countries around the world.

NICHOLAS NEGROPONTE: "It is already in the hands of 1.2 million children, in 31 countries, 19 languages. And one country, Uruguay, has just completed doing every single child in the country."

But the program has critics. They say trying to supply every child with a laptop, even at the current price of one hundred sixty dollars, is costly and inefficient.

Stephen Dukker also makes low-cost computers. But his can run programs and applications for several students at once. He says these "virtual desktops" lower costs, reduce energy use and lessen the need for technical support. His company NComputing says it has set up over forty thousand networks in more than one hundred countries.

Stephen Dukker says all you need to connect to a network is a keyboard and monitor.

STEPHEN DUKKER: "You think you've got your own computer all to yourself and you can't tell the difference that you're working on something other than a computer and sharing this other resource and doing it at a much lower cost than having your own PC."

As computers reach more children in developing countries, so too in many cases is the Internet. It can be a great educational tool. But children also need to learn about the possible threats that can be found on social networks and other sites.

Mark Matunga is with Microsoft East Africa in Kenya. He says poverty may put African children especially at risk.

MARK MATUNGA: "They're being told that, 'Hey you know what, I can send you a few dollars. I can come and visit you. I can buy you a ticket. You come to my country.'"

His company is working with the Kenyan government and a children's rights group. Mark Matunga says the coalition is trying to educate the public about how to protect children from online abuse.

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms with reporting by Adam Phillips and Cathy Majtenyi. Want to learn more about international development and technology? You can find transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our programs at en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

每个孩子一台笔记型电脑(One Laptop Per Child,OLPC),由麻省理工学院多媒体实验室发起并组织为一个非营利组织,借由生产接近100美元的笔记型电脑,给对这项计划有兴趣的开发中国家,由该国政府直接提供给儿童使用,降低知识鸿沟,故又称百元电脑。

OLPC为成立于德拉瓦州的非营利组织,用以监督“小孩的机器”计划和建构XO-1百元电脑。2005年1月在瑞士达沃斯召开的世界经济论坛上同时宣布计划和组织的成立。

OLPC赞助的成员,包括AMD、Brightstar Corporation、eBay、Google、迈威尔公司、新闻集团、欧洲卫星全球公司、北电网络及RedHat。每个公司都已经捐助两百万美元。[1]

组织由尼葛洛庞帝教授坐镇,而首席技术长为玛丽杰布森。其他公司的成员包括美国麻省理工学院媒体实验室执行长班德先生,OLPC软体及内容的总经理;吉姆·杰提斯,软体工程的副总经理。

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