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10名国际医疗志愿者在阿富汗遇害,很恐怖但不稀奇

kira86 于2010-08-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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Killing of 10 Aid Workers 'Horrific' but Not Uncommon高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Development Repo
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Killing of 10 Aid Workers 'Horrific' but Not Uncommon


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This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

Humanitarian aid groups have promised to continue their work in Afghanistan after militants murdered ten medical aid workers August fifth.

Officials say the seven men and three women worked for the Christian aid group International Assistance Mission. They were returning to Kabul after a trip to Nuristan province to provide medical care and supplies. Those killed were six Americans, one German, one Briton and two Afghans.

The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack. It accused the aid workers of being spies and spreading Christianity.

Violence against aid workers has increased in recent years, even though international laws are supposed to protect them. Seventeen aid workers have been killed in the first half of this year in Afghanistan. Nineteen others have been kidnapped.

In Pakistan, seven aid workers from the Christian group World Vision were killed during an attack on their office in March. Officials believe militants were responsible for the attack.

The Humanitarian Policy Group has been studying violence against aid workers for more than ten years. The group released its latest report on the issue last year.

Abby Stoddard works with the international research group Humanitarian Outcomes. She helped write the policy group report. The report says that in two thousand eight, two hundred sixty humanitarian aid workers were killed, kidnapped or seriously injured in violent attacks.

This was the highest number of incidents since the group began doing the research twelve years ago. Mrs. Stoddard says more than sixty percent of the incidents took place in three countries.

Abby Stoddard: "There has been a rather significant increase in major attacks against aid workers but this has been driven by the extreme violent environments centered in just about three countries, Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan, particularly the Darfur region of Sudan."

Sri Lanka, Chad, Iraq and Pakistan also had many cases of violence against aid workers. Abby Stoddard says ongoing conflicts in the countries increase the risk of violence against aid workers.

Mrs. Stoddard called the recent murders in Afghanistan horrific. But she said they are not uncommon. She says incidents involving nationals instead of foreigners do not get the same level of attention.

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. You can comment on this report at our website, en8848.com. And you can find us on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube at VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

相关中文报道:

阿富汗10名医护人员被杀 机构澄清“未有进行传教”

属于阿富汗当地的一个医疗救援组织的10名外籍医护人员被发现于上周五(6日)在纽里斯坦省 (Nuristan) 医疗营地返回喀布尔途中遭枪杀。对于有报导指是武装恐怖分子塔利班所为,组织澄清凶手尚待进一步调查,并强调“组织的工作虽以基督教精神为动力驱使,但从未促使当地人改信”。

遭遇今次悲剧的机构名为国际援助任务(International Assistance Mission, IAM)周一(9日)在喀布尔举行了一次记者会。IAM总执行长法兰斯(Dirk Frans)确定了10名遇害的医护人员名单,其中包括6名美国人、1名德国人、1名英国人及2名阿富汗人。据说,10人的医疗队伍刚刚完成了一个为期两周的眼科医疗任务,他们从喀布尔开车到纽里斯坦省(Nuristan),然后骑单车和爬山才到达了该省西北部最贫穷的村落中,回程的时候,他们打算经过巴达赫尚省(Badakhshan)回到喀布尔,以为此路比较安全,怎料却遭枪手埋伏杀害。

“我们向每一位遇难的同事对服侍阿富汗人的委身致敬。那些不认识他们,也没有看到过他们工作的人,除了向他们致敬之外,并没有其他更好的可以做了。”法兰斯向传媒表示。

据《美联社》7日报导,一名武装恐怖分子塔利班的发言人Zabiullah Mujahid向媒体自首,说塔利班枪手杀害这些医护人员是因为“他们为美国来做间谍,而且宣扬基督教”。

自消息传出之后,各界人士纷纷针对塔利班发出强烈谴责。其中,联合国秘书长潘基文对事件感到“极为震惊”,强烈谴责塔利班这一“严重罪行”,而美国国务卿希拉莉则表示“杀害这些医务援助人员是残酷暴力的无耻行为,表明了塔利班的野蛮”。世界福音联盟亦联同亚洲福音联盟联合发表声明,指斥“无理地杀害人道主义工作者是极大的残暴行为”,同时担心“这将大大影响到成千上万有需要人士得到适当援助的进程”。

然而,IAM面对传媒时却淡化塔利班是杀害10名医护人员的真凶。法兰斯说:“谁是背后的凶手将会是一个影响IAM未来的重要因素,相信目前阿富汗内政部、联邦特务及其他警方组织已经全力为此进行调查,真凶尚待进一步确定。”

同时,针对外间指IAM在阿富汗当地宣扬基督教,法兰斯再三澄清说:“IAM是一个基督教机构,我们从来没有隐瞒这个事实。事实上,我们也是按照这样的身份来向阿富汗政府注册的。我们的信仰的确驱动和激励我们的工作,但是我们从未促使当地人改信。”

“我们顺服于阿富汗的法律。我们也签定了国际红十字会及红十字运动和非政府组织灾难回应计划的操守守则,换句话说,『救援工作并不会被用作推动某种政治或宗教立场』。”法兰斯说。

法兰斯即时向传媒展示了阿富汗政府批发的一份文件,上面注明了阿富汗政府同意IAM的眼科医疗队在纽里斯坦省(Nuristan)进行眼科医疗活动。

最后,法兰斯表示,在真凶尚待官方调查确定期间,IAM无意撤出阿富汗。IAM已服务阿富汗超过40年,过去也曾遭遇过更大的安全危机。IAM承诺,若组织依然受到阿富汗欢迎,并且神允许的话,团队会继续留在阿富汗服侍当地有需要的人民。

10名遇害的医护人员中唯一一位英国人是一位华裔的女医生Karen Woo (吴凯伦)。据BBC报导,吴凯伦的父亲来自香港,母亲则是英国人。吴凯伦16岁就离开学校,任职舞蹈员,并热衷表演艺术,到22岁才决定转读医科,毕业后事业亦一帆风顺。

两年前,当时34岁的吴凯伦首次踏足阿富汗,对这片土地一见锺情,决心放弃高薪厚职,与一批专业人士创办一个组织,四出奔走,为阿富汗募捐善款和医疗物资,一心打算留在当地,利用自己的专长帮助当地的妇女。

去年11月,她决定定居阿国,未婚夫史密斯因在机场替她搬行李而与她相识相恋。史密斯之前是英国军人,目前在喀布尔一个安全承包商处任职。他们俩本来准备于周日飞返英国,筹备婚礼,打算于两周内成婚,怎料发生了悲剧。

吴凯伦的家人在一份声明中强烈反对有关塔利班的“间谍说”:“她的动机纯粹是基于人道。她是一位人道主义者,没有宗教或政治计划。她希望全世界都知道,阿富汗不只受到战争蹂躏,阿富汗人也无法得到基本需求。她希望阿富汗的百姓,尤其是妇女和儿童,能得到医疗照顾。”

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