Hello, again! I'm Jim Tedder in Washington. Today we examine the human side of war, not from a soldier's point of view, but from that of civilians who are forced from their homes by conflict. Also, some important art objects are being returned to Cambodia from the United States. Then we'll hear about a special movie event, a famous actor, and travel back in time to the "big band" era ...on this edition of "As It Is."
The number of people displaced within their own countries by armed conflict, other violence and rights violations almost reached 29 million in 2012. Many of the people who had to leave their homes were in Syria and the eastern Congo.
Clare Spurrell of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center said that last year, a record number of people were forced to move within their own countries.
"This year we saw 28.8 million people who are now internally displaced as a consequence of conflict. This is an increase of two-point-four-million compared to the previous year. And much of this dramatic increase is due to the number of people who were newly displaced during the year. So here we saw six-point-five-million people newly displaced, which is an increase of almost 50-percent as compared to 2011, the previous year."
Ms. Spurrell says there were differing reasons for people being newly displaced in 2011 compared to 2012.
"In 2012, it was very much of the Arab Spring uprising and the post-election violence in Cote d'Ivoire. This last year we've seen the new displacement caused by the escalating violence in eastern DRC and of course the ongoing conflict in Syria, which caused really the majority of new displacement. "
She described Syria as, in her words, "the fastest evolving internal displacement crisis in the world." She said the growing intensity of the crisis results partly from the clear lack of front lines of battle.
In the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, there were one-million IDP's in 2012. But there are many people in the area who have been displaced for some time. Overall, there are almost three-million internally displaced people there. They include some who have been displaced several times by a number of armed groups.
Africa below the Sahara Desert has 10-point-four million IDPs. That is almost one-third of the world total. Clare Spurrell blames the many armed conflicts in the area. Still, she says, the country with the most IDPs is not in the Middle East or Sub-Saharan Africa. Instead, she says it is really in South America. Colombia has between five and five and one half million internally displaced people due to high levels of crime-related violence and armed conflict.
She says Colombia, DRC and now, Syria, are all situations with long-lasting conflicts. And millions of people are trapped in this extended displacement that depends on aid ... often for many years.
I'm trying to displace him in his job.
2.internally adv. 内部地；国内地；内在地
He was internally disturbed to hear of her illness.
3.ongoing adj. 不间断的，进行的；前进的
What do you think about this ongoing controversy?
4.trap vt. 诱捕；使…受限制；使…陷入困境
They ramped and raged like a pack of trapped beasts.