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VOA慢速英语新闻:词汇典故—富兰克林的谚语(双语)

Lily85 于2013-05-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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今天我们来谈论谚语,谚语是一种短小、广为人知的说法,能表达一个普通真理或信条。谚语在多种文化中都存在,通常来历悠久。
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Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.
这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇典故。

Today we talk about proverbs. A proverb is a short, well known saying that expresses a common truth or belief. Proverbs are found in most cultures and are often very old.
今天我们来谈论谚语,谚语是一种短小、广为人知的说法,能表达一个普通真理或信条。谚语在多种文化中都存在,通常来历悠久。

In American history, Benjamin Franklin was famous for his proverbs. Franklin lived in the 1700s. He was a leader of the American Revolution against English rule. He was also a scientist, inventor and writer.
在美国历史上,本杰明·富兰克林因其谚语而闻名。他生活在18世纪,是美国反对英国统治革命的领袖,还是一位科学家、发明家和作家。

For many years, Franklin published a book called "Poor Richard's Almanac." He included many proverbs that he had heard or created. Some of them are still used today. Like this one: "Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise."
富兰克林多年来出版了一本书,名为《穷理查年鉴》。书中涵盖了他听过或自创的谚语,有的仍沿用至今,比如“早睡早起,使人健康、富有、明智。”

Franklin is also remembered for other proverbs like, "A penny saved is a penny earned." This means that money should not be wasted.
富兰克林著名的谚语还有,“省钱就是赚钱。”意思是不应该浪费钱财。

Here are other examples of proverbs that Americans use. The first ones are about love. Some people say, "All is fair in love and war." They mean that anything you do in a relationship or in battle is acceptable.
还有一些美国人常用的谚语,首先是关于爱情的,有人说,“情场战场,不择手段。”意思是爱情和战争都是可以不择手段的。

Another proverb about love is, "Absence makes the heart grow fonder." This means you love someone even more when he or she is far away. But other people say, "Out of sight, out of mind." You may not even think about that person when he or she is not with you. Which of these proverbs do you think is most true?
另一个关于爱情的谚语是,“久别情更浓。”意思是所爱之人远离时你会更爱他(她)。但也有人说,“眼不见心不烦。”当这个人在你身边时你可能根本不会去想他(她)。你觉得那个说法正确呢?

Another proverb says "Love is blind." In other words, when you are in love with someone, you may refuse to see anything bad about that person.
另一个谚语是“爱情是盲目的。”也就是说,当你爱上一个人时,你会拒绝看到这个人的任何缺点。

Here is another popular saying about love: "The way to a man's heart is through his stomach." Some people believe that a woman can win a man's love if she prepares his favorite foods.
还有一个关于爱情的谚语,“要想抓住男人的心,就得抓住他的胃。”人们认为如果女人想赢得男人的爱,就得给他做好吃的。

Some people are only interested in having a relationship with someone who is very good-looking. You might tell them that "Beauty is only skin deep." Your girlfriend may be lovely to look at, but she may also have some bad qualities. Or the opposite may be true. Your boyfriend is a wonderful person, but not good-looking. So what a person looks like is not really important.
有的人喜欢和外表不错的人谈恋爱,你可能会跟他们说“美色是肤浅的。”你的女友可能长得不错,但她可能有些不好的品质。或者恰好与此相反。你的男朋友是个不错的人,但可能不帅。所以人的外表并不是很重要。

Another proverb is true in love and war or other situations: "Actions speak louder than words." It means that what you do is more important than what you say.
另一个谚语是爱情和战争中都适用的,“行动胜过空谈。”意思是行动比言论更重要。

Sadly, we have no more time for this program. So we must say, "All good things must come to an end."
可惜,我们的节目就要结束了。所以我们只得说,“天下无不散之筵席。”

This VOA Special English program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Barbara Klein.
这里是美国之音慢速英语,作者谢莉·高卢斯,我是芭芭拉·克莱。

词汇解释

1.penny n. (美)分;便士

He paid all his debts to the last penny.
他还清了全部债务,分文不欠。

2.fond adj. 喜欢的;温柔的;宠爱的

He is fond of retracing the experiences of his youth.
他喜欢回想少年时代的经历。

3.absence n. 没有;缺乏;缺席;不注意

His absence incommodes the whole team.
他的缺席给全队带来不便。

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