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VOA词汇掌故:纽约的昵称----“大苹果”

kira86 于2009-12-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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Words And Their Stories: Nicknames for New York City高速下载 Now, the VOA Special English program, WORDS AND T
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Words And Their Stories: Nicknames for New York City


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Now, the VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

A nickname is a shortened form of a person's name. A nickname also can be a descriptive name for a person, place or thing.Many American cities have nicknames.These can help establish an identity, spread pride among citizens and build unity.

A few years ago, some marketing and advertising experts were asked to name the best nickname for an American city.The winner was the nation's largest city, New York.The top nickname was The Big Apple.

You might wonder how New York got this nickname.In the early nineteen seventies, the city had many problems.The number of visitors was falling.So a campaign was launched to give the city a new image.The head of the New York Conventions and Visitors Bureau decided to call the city, The Big Apple.

There are several explanations for where this name came from.Language expert Barry Popik studied the question and wrote about it on his Web site. He says John Fitz Gerald, a writer for a New York newspaper, used the name the Big Apple to mean New York in the nineteen twenties. Mister Fitz Gerald wrote about horse races. He heard the name used by men who worked at a racetrack in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Mister Fitz Gerald wrote: "The Big Apple. The dream of every lad that ever threw a leg over a thoroughbred and the goal of all horsemen. There's only one Big Apple. That's New York."

In horse racing, the expression meant "the big time," the place where large amounts of money could be won. The Big Apple became the name of a night club in the Harlem area of New York City in nineteen thirty-four. It also was the name of a popular dance and a hit song in the nineteen thirties.

But it is not the only nickname for America's largest city.Barry Popik's web site lists almost one hundred nicknames that describe New York. The best known are the Capital of the World. Empire City. Gotham. The City So Nice They Named it Twice. And the City That Never Sleeps. You can hear about the city in the song, "New York, New York" by Frank Sinatra.

(MUSIC)

This program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Barbara Klein. You can find more WORDS AND THEIR STORIES at en8848.com.

美国人把纽约昵称为“大苹果”,好吃、好看、又热闹,现在纽约每天都会吸引很多来自世界各地的游客。

有4种说法见下

1/纽约州虽产苹果,但产量很少,远不及加州苹果世界驰名。有一年加州苹果欠收,外销告急,于是纽约的苹果小兵立大功,解救了加州外销苹果的窘境。纽约人引以为傲,从此称纽约为Big Apple。

2/传言经济大衰退时,许多银行家失业潦倒,必须从其市郊住家载着一袋袋苹果到到纽约大街上卖。包括一些明门望祖都被迫以此维持生计。因为纽约州常见到苹果树,对纽约经济扮演相当重要角色,进而市政府大力推行这个名词代表纽约。

3/1920~1930年,爵士乐大行其道,有个爵士乐手大唱:成功树上苹果何其多,但如果你挑中纽约市,你就挑到了最大的苹果!(There are many apples on the success tree, but when you pick New York City, you pick the Big Apple.)之后有人又证实因市区内有一极受欢迎的爵士俱乐部就叫The Big Apple!所以称为大苹果。

4/大约在50多年前,美国(American)一群爵士乐师们经常到各地去巡回演出(rendering)赚钱(to make money)。乐师们把所有要去的城镇(town),都描述(describe)成树上的苹果(the apple on the tree)。他们去演出赚钱,就像去摘苹果(pick apples)。纽约在当时是诸城镇中演出赚钱最多(most)的城市。各城镇都叫Apple, 自然纽约便是the Big Apple了。

 

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