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VOA英语词汇掌故趣谈:小道消息mp3

yexu 于2014-12-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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讲述了关于英语词汇与小道消息的英语表达,含有中英双语对照阅读及mp3、lrc字幕下载。
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Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

现在是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine.

一些最激动人心的消息来自小道消息。

That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret. The information is all hush hush. It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.

之所以如此,是因为小道消息理应是秘密。这些信息都神神秘秘的,它被低声传入你耳朵的同时,都默认你不会再传给他人。

You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special few to get this information. You cannot wait. You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so, the information - secret as it is  begins to spread. Nobody knows how far.

你感到荣幸和兴奋。你是为数不多的知情者之一。你迫不及待,必须赶紧把这消息告诉他人。这样,这个消息 - 作为秘密开始传播延。没人知道它传了多远。

The expression by the grapevine is more than one hundred years old.

by the grapevine(通过小道消息)这句短语已有1百多年历史。

The American inventor, Samuel F. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression. Among others, he experimented with the idea of telegraphy  sending messages over a wire by electricity.When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument, he went before Congress to show that it worked.He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore. The message was: "What hath God wrought?" This was on May twenty-fourth, eighteen forty-four.

美国发明家萨慕尔.摩斯 (Samuel F. Morse. )对这句短语的诞生负很大一部分责任。其中,他进行了电报试验 - 通过电缆传送消息。当摩斯最终完成了他的电报装置,他在国会进行了展示。他从华盛顿通过电缆发了一条消息到巴尔的摩。消息内容就是:“上帝创造了何等奇迹?”这是在1844年5月24日。

Quickly, companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages. The workmanship was poor. And the wires were not put up straight.

很快,公司开始兴建从一个地方到另一个地方那个的电报线路。到处都看到人们在栽电线杆拉线用于传输电报信息。由于施工质量差,电缆没有被拉直。

Some of the results looked strange. People said they looked like a grapevine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions, as crooked as the vines that grapes grow on. So was born the expression, by the grapevine.

结果看起来有些奇怪。人们说电缆看起来像葡萄藤。大量的电缆线通往四面八方,就像葡萄藤一样歪歪曲曲的。这样就诞生了这个短语,  。

Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War.

一些作家认为,如果不是美国南北内战,这句短语可能很快就会消失。

Soon after the war began in eighteen sixty-one, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield. It was like a game. Was it true? Who says so?

1861年内战开始不久,军事指挥员开始通过电报发送战报。人们开始听到用by the grapevine(来自前方电报)这句话描述或真或假的战报。这就像一个鬼把戏,(这个战报情况)是真的吗?谁这么说的?

Now, as in those far-off Civil War days, getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game. A friend brings you a bit of strange news. "No," you say, "it just cant be true! Who told you?" Comes the answer, "I got it by the grapevine."

现在,在内战早已远去的日子里,获取小道信息仍保留着鬼把戏的味道。一个朋友给你带来一个奇怪的消息。 “不,”你说,“这不可能是真的!谁告诉你吗?”他回答道:“这是我得到的小道消息。”

You really cannot know how much  if any  of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false. Still, in the words of an old American saying, the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.

你真的不知道通过小道得到的消息有多少,是否有信息是真的还是假的。还是美国的那句老话,摇晃葡萄藤的人至少晃下几个葡萄(意为大量小道消息中,总有些是真的)。

文章来源于:www.vod588.com
文章来源于:VOA英语学习网
 

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