Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
A person's nose is important for breathing and smelling. The nose is also used in many popular expressions.
Some people are able to lead other people by the nose. For example, if a wife leads her husband by the nose, she makes him do whatever she wants him to do.
有些人能够能够牵着别人的鼻子走(lead other people by the nose)。例如，如果妻子牵着丈夫的鼻子走，她想让他干嘛，他就干嘛。
Some people are said to be hard-nosed. They will not change their opinions or positions on anything. If someone is hard-nosed, chances are he will never pay through the nose, or pay too much money, for an object or service.
有些人被称为顽固的(hard-nosed)。他们不会自己对任何事情的观点或立场。如果某人很顽固，他从来不会付出比真正价值更高的钱(pay through the nose)，也就是说不会为某件东西或服务付出太多钱。
It is always helpful when people keep their nose out of other people's business. They do not interfere. The opposite of this is someone who noses around all the time. This kind of person is interested in other people's private matters. He is considered nosey.
避免插手他人的事情(keep their nose out of)总是有好处的，他们不会干涉别人。相反的，有些人总是喜欢打听别人的事(noses around)。这种人对别人的私事非常感兴趣。他被认为爱追问(nosey)。
Someone who keeps his nose to the grindstone works very hard. This can help a worker keep his nose clean or stay out of trouble.
那些鼻子对着磨刀石的人(keeps his nose to the grindstone，指埋头苦干)工作非常勤奋。这可以帮助一个工人循规蹈矩(keep his nose clean)，避免麻烦。
One unusual expression is that is no skin off my nose. This means that a situation does not affect or concern me. We also say that sometimes a person cuts off his nose to spite his face. That is, he makes a situation worse for himself by doing something foolish because he is angry.
一个不太寻常的表达方式是no skin off my nose，意思是某件事情不影响我，或者与我无关。我们还说，有时一个人损人不利己(cuts off his nose to spite his face)。也就是说，因为他很生气，做了一些愚蠢的事情，使情况更加糟糕。
More problems can develop if a person looks down his nose at someone or something. The person acts like something is unimportant or worthless. This person might also turn up his nose at something that he considers not good enough. This person thinks he is better than everyone else. He has his nose in the air.
如果一个人对某人或某事不屑一顾(looks down his nose at)，会产生很多问题。这种人的表现就好像是其他事情都不重要或没有价值。这种人还会对他认为不够好的东西非常不屑(turn up his nose at)。这种人认为他比其他任何人都好，他非常自大(his nose in the air)。
In school, some students thumb their nose at their teacher. They refuse to obey orders or do any work. Maybe these students do not know the correct answers. My mother always told me, if you study hard, the answers should be right under your nose or easily seen.
在学校，有些学生不尊重老师(thumb their nose at their teacher)。他们拒绝服从任何命令或者做任何工作。或许这些学生不知道正确的答案。我的母亲经常告诉我，如果你努力学习，答案非常明显(under your nose)。
I think we have explained the nose expressions. What about ears? Well, I hope you are all ears or very interested in hearing more expressions. We might even put a bug in your ear or give you an idea about something. We also advise you to keep your ear to the ground. This means to be interested in what is happening around you and what people are thinking.
我想，我们已经讲了很多关于鼻子的短语。那么耳朵呢？我希望你们全神贯注地倾听(all ears)更多的短语。我们可能甚至针对某事为你提出建议(put a bug in your ear)。我们还建议你注意各方面的动向(keep your ear to the ground)。意思是说要对发生在你周围的事情和人们的所思所想感兴趣。
If you are a good person, you will lend an ear to your friends. You will listen to them when they have a problem they need to talk about. Our last expression is to play it by ear. This has two meanings. One is to play a song on a musical instrument by remembering the tune and not by reading the music. Play it by ear also means to decide what to do at the last minute instead of making detailed plans.
如果你是一个好人，你会倾听朋友的话(lend an ear to your friends)。如果他们遇到需要找人谈一下的问题时，你应该倾听他的诉说。我们的最后一个短语是play it by ear。这个短语有两个意思。一个是用乐器演奏音乐时通过记忆，而不是通过读谱。play it by ear还有一个意思是，随机应变，而不是做出详细的计划。
1. lead by the nose
eg: Dont let anyone lead you by the nose, use your own judgment and do the right thing. ,,
2. hard-nosed adj.,,
3. pay through the nose
按字面解释, 就是通过鼻子来付钱,这听起来似乎很痛苦,而实际上, 的确切意思是付出比真正的价值高得多的钱,也可以说是付出的钱实在太多而让人感到心痛。
eg: My brother Bob borrowed the money to open his restaurant five years ago when the interest rate was very high, so hes been paying through the nose ever since.,,
4. keep ones nose out of sth,
eg: When Billy asked his sister where she was going, she told him to keep his nose out of her business. ,
5. nose around / about
eg: We found a man nosing around in our backyard.
6. nosy adj.,
eg: Dont be so nosy its none of your business.
7. keep ones nose to the grindstonegrindstone"",,,keep,""
eg: These years those whore keeping their nose to the grindstone cant make bundles. ,
8. keep ones nose clean ,
eg: Since leaving prison, hes man-aged to keep his nose clean. ,
9. no skin of my nose,
eg: Hey, its no skin of my nose if Susies going out now with that guy! I dont care what she does I broke up with her a month ago, when I met Helen. ,,,
10. cut off ones nose to spite ones face,
eg: If you resign to inconvenience your boss, you are cutting off your nose to spite your face.
11. look down ones nose at ,
eg: Harry has never had to work, and he looks down his nose at people in business. ,
12. turn up ones nose at
eg: When I gave her the present, she turned up her nose at it.,
13. have ones nose in the air ,