Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Today we explain a very old saying that has had a big influence on rock-and-roll music. That saying is a rolling stone gathers no moss.It has several meanings. One meaning is that a person who never settles down in one place will not be successful. Another is that someone who is always moving, with no roots in one place, avoids responsibilities.
今天我们来解释一个对摇滚音乐有着深远影响的古老谚语，它就是a rolling stone（滚石不生苔）。它包含了数种含义，其中一种含义是，不安定下来的人是不会成功的，另一种含义是说某些人四处漂泊，居无定所，逃避责任。
This proverb was said to be first used in the fifteen hundreds. But in the nineteen sixties, the expression rolling stone became famous in the world of rock-and-roll music. It became the name of a rock group, a song and a magazine.
据说这个谚语第一次被用到是在16世纪。但是在20世纪60年代，rolling stone 这个短语在摇滚音乐界变得知名起来，它成为了一支摇滚乐队，一首歌和一本杂志的名字。
Experts say it all started with a song by the American singer and guitarist Muddy Waters. He was one of the countrys top blues musicians until his death in nineteen eighty-three. His music influenced singers like Elvis Presley and Bob Dylan. In nineteen-fifty, Muddy Waters recorded a song called "Rollin Stone."
A British rock group is said to have taken its name from Muddy Waters song. The Rolling Stones performed for the first time in nineteen sixty-two. The groups members called themselves "the worlds greatest rock and roll band."
In nineteen sixty-five, Bob Dylan released his song "Like a Rolling Stone." It is one of his best known and most influential works.
1965年，迪伦发行了歌曲Like a Rolling Stone，这是他最知名且最有影响力的作品之一。
It is an angry song about a woman who was once rich and successful. But now she is on her own, "with no direction home, like a complete unknown, like a rolling stone."
In nineteen sixty-seven, a young man named Jann Wenner started a magazine he named "Rolling Stone." The magazine reported on rock music and the popular culture that the music created. By nineteen seventy-one, "Rolling Stone" had become the leading rock music and counterculture publication. It is still popular today.