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VOA英语词汇掌故:与背部、肩膀和胸部等身体部位有关的习惯用语

andyg 于2018-03-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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很多美语表达都与身体的各个部位有关,比如眼睛, 耳朵,鼻子,嘴,还有心脏。然而,我们今天要告诉大家的几个习语表达是与身体的其他部位有关,如背部,肩膀和胸膛。
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20040807与背部、肩膀和胸部等身体部位有关的习惯用语.jpg
Expressions Use Back, Shoulders, Chest

与背部、肩膀和胸部等身体部位有关的习惯用语

Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

这里是VOA慢速英语节目《词汇掌故》。

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There are many American expressions that use parts of the body. These include the eyes, ears, nose, mouth and even the heart. Today we will tell you some expressions that use other body parts – the back, shoulders and chest.

很多美语表达都与身体的各个部位有关,比如眼睛, 耳朵,鼻子,嘴,还有心脏。然而,我们今天要告诉大家的几个习语表达是与身体的其他部位有关,如背部,肩膀和胸膛。

When I am facing a lot of pressure at work, my back and neck will start to hurt. Sometimes, this tension is the result of too much work. I have too many things to do because my supervisor is on my back all the time. In other words, my employer is always telling me to do things.

工作中,如果面临了很大的压力,我的背和脖子就该疼了。有时,工作量太大就会引起这种紧张感。因为我的领导总是站在我背后,所以我总有做不完的工作。换句话说,我的领导总是跟在我后面督促我做各种事。

Sometimes, I want to tell my employer to get off my back! I want her to stop criticizing me and making too many demands on my time. I can not say this, however. I would never turn my back on her and refuse to help when there is a need. If I did refuse to help, my supervisor might say bad things about me behind my back. She might criticize me when I am not present. This would surely be a stab in the back. It is never kind to unfairly harm or say bad things about other people.

有时, 我特希望领导不要站在我背后了。我衷心希望他能停止挑剔和苛求我做事。然后,你也知道,这话我难以启齿。我只能听他的话乖乖做事,从不拒绝任何求助。如果我拒绝加班,他肯定 会在背后说我坏话。当我不在的时候说我的坏话,就如同在背后捅我刀子一样。背后说人坏话或搞小动作伤害别人是不道德的行为。

Sometimes, when I am very productive in my job, my employer gives me a pat on the back. She praises my work. She might even say "I will scratch your back if you will scratch mine." This means she will do something for me, if I do something helpful for her in exchange. Such an offer usually comes straight from the shoulder. My supervisor has a very direct, open and honest way of speaking.

有时,当我能出色地完成工作时,我领导总会拍拍我的背,鼓励我努力工作。他有时会说:“如果你帮我抓痒的话我也会帮你挠背的。” 这话的意思是,如果我工作成绩出色,他不会亏待我的。这种话语通常都是通过拍背这个动作来传递的。我的领导讲话总是非常地直接,坦白。

I know that my employer carries a lot on her shoulders. She is responsible for many things at the office. And because she is so important, she sometimes gets to rub shoulders with the top officials. She gets to spend time with some very important people.

我知道我的上司肩负很多事情。她要为办公室里的很多事情负责任。因为她很重要,所以她有时会与高级官员开展密切的来往,跟重要人物打交道。

I believe the top official values my supervisor. He never gives her the cold shoulder. He is never unfriendly to her. He always treats her like she is an important part of the organization.

我知道高层领导很器重我的上司。他从不会怠慢她,向来对她很友善。他总是把她当作组织中的重要部分。

I also value my supervisor. In fact, I think she is very effective in her job. Of course, I could yell my opinion at the top of my lungs, or as loudly as I possibly could. It might even feel good to get my emotions off my chest. It is always helpful to tell people how you feel so that your emotions do not trouble you.

我也很重视我的上司。事实上,我认为她工作效率非常高。当然,我可以高声说出我的观点。我感觉,把心中的想法一吐为快会好一些,因为将你的感觉告诉别人有助于你不受情感的困扰。

But it is not necessary for me to praise my supervisor. Most of my co-workers feel the exact same way about her. So, I think I will just save my breath. I will keep silent because talking or repeating myself will not do any good.

但是,对我来说,我没有必要称赞我的上司。我的大多数同事都和我有同样的感觉。所以,我想我还是默不作声。我将继续保持沉默,因为多说话或者重复地说话没有任何好处。

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WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, in VOA Special English, was written by Jill Moss. I'm Faith Lapidus.

来自VOA慢速英语的《词汇掌故》,由吉尔·摩斯撰稿,我是费丝·拉普迪斯

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