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听故事学4000英语词汇107:卡拉去野营

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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 17 Word List

第17单元 单词表

civilization n.

文明

A civilization is an organized group of humans that have culture and government.

表示一个有文化和政府的有序的人类群体。

→ Most early civilizations in Central America didn't use metal weapons.

中美洲的早期文明大多不使用金属武器。

convenient adj.

方便的

When something is convenient, it is easy to do and does not take a lot of work.

表示容易做到的且不费事的。

→ The bus is a convenient way to get to school.

乘公共汽车去学校很方便。

den n.

兽穴

A den is a living space for some types of animals, such as lions.

某些动物的栖息地,比如狮子。

→ The mother lion left her babies in the den.

狮子妈妈把她的孩子们留在洞里。

dew n.

水珠

Dew is the drops of water that form on the ground outside during the night.

夜间在地上形成的水滴。

→ When we woke up, we saw that the grass was covered in dew.

我们醒来时发现草地上布满了露珠。

drastic adj.

激烈的

When something is drastic, it is extreme or major.

表示极度的或主要的。

→ She made a drastic decision to get her long hair cut short.

她做了一个果断的决定,把她的长发剪短。

exit v.

离开

To exit means to leave.

表示离开。

→ The students exited through the front door.

学生们从前门走了出去。

flock n.

A flock is a group of animals, such as birds, sheep or goats.

表示一群动物,比如小鸟,绵羊或山羊群。

→ There was one black sheep in the entire flock.

整群羊中有一只害群之马。

fold v.

折叠

To fold is to bend something like paper or cloth so that it takes up less space.

把纸或布之类的东西折起来以减少占用的空间。

→ I folded the paper and put it in my pocket.

我把纸折好放在口袋里。

lid n.

盖子

A lid is a top for a box or container that can be removed.

表示盒子或容器顶部能够移动的部位。

→ He lifted the lid of the box and revealed her present.

他揭开盒盖,把礼物给她看。

loom v.

赫然耸现

To loom is to seem very large and often scary.

指看起来非常大且可怕的。

→ The ominous clouds loomed over the school.

不祥的阴云笼罩着学校。

mighty adj.

强大的

When something is mighty, it is strong and large.

表示强壮且大的。

→ The mighty wrestler scared all who faced him.

那个强壮的摔跤手把所有对手都吓了一跳。

mushroom n.

蘑菇

A mushroom is a fungus with a round top. Some are used as food.

一种顶部是圆形的菌类,有些可以作为食物。

→ The soup had fresh mushrooms in it.

汤里有新鲜的蘑菇。

native adj.

本地的

When something is native, it is originating in a certain place or area.

表示某地原生的。

→ Avocadoes are native fruits of Mexico.

Avocadoes是一种墨西哥当地水果。

poison n.

毒药

Poison is a dangerous substance that causes illness or death.

应发疾病或死亡的危险物质。

→ They used poison to get rid of the rats in their home.

他们用毒药来除掉家里的老鼠。

reed n.

芦苇

Reeds are tall and skinny plants that grow in groups near water.

成群生长在水域附近的又高又细的植物。

→ The sun set behind the reeds of the lake's shore.

太阳落在湖岸的芦苇后面。

shield v.

防卫

To shield something is to protect it.

表示保护某物。

→ She shielded her eyes from the sun with sunglasses.

她戴着太阳镜遮住眼睛不让阳光照射。

stormy adj.

暴风雨的

Stormy describes something affected or characterized by storms.

表示受到暴风雨影响的事物。

→ The golfers decided to go home because of the stormy weather.

由于暴风雨天气影响,高尔夫球手们决定回家。

sway v.

摇晃

To sway is to move slowly from side to side.

从一边慢慢摇晃到另一边。

→ She swayed while she listened to the music.

她边听音乐边摇摆。

urban adj.

城市的

When something is urban, it is related to the city.

表示与城市有关的。

→ Subways are an important form of urban transportation.

地铁是城市交通的一种重要形式。

wade v.

跋涉

To wade is to walk in or pass through water.

表示走进水里或穿过水域。

→ The child waded in the water at the beach.

那孩子在海滩上涉水而过。

Kara Goes Camping

卡拉去野营

Kara, would you like to go camping with my family? asked Tracy. Kara had never been camping before, but she decided to go anyway. That weekend, they drove to Estes Park. When they arrived, Kara looked around. She felt so far from civilization.

“卡拉,你愿意和我一家去露营吗?”特雷西问道。卡拉此前从未去过露营,但她决定不管怎么样都要去一次。那个周末,他们开车去到埃斯蒂斯帕克公园。到达后,卡拉环顾四周,发现离城区太远了。

After they set up the camp, they went for a walk. Tracy's father, Mr. Grieves, showed them the native plants and animals. "Look," he said, "that's a fox's den. Do you see that bunch of mushrooms next to it. Don't touch them. They contain poison. " Kara was bored. She didn't care about nature.

搭好帐篷后,他们开始去散步。特雷西的爸爸格里夫斯先生向他们介绍野生动植物。“快看,”他说道,“那是个狐狸窝,看到窝边上的那丛蘑菇了吗?别去碰,有毒的。”卡拉觉得无聊透顶,她对大自然不感兴趣。

As the day went on, mighty clouds soon loomed in the distance. "It looks like stormy weather," said Tracy. "We should go back. " It suddnely began to rain. They used an umbrella to shield them from the rain. Back at the camp, they ate cold sandwiches for dinner and went to sleep.

随着时间的推移,巨大的乌云从远处笼罩过来。“好像要下大暴雨了,”特雷西说“我们该回去了。”突然间,天空开始下雨。他们打开雨伞遮雨。回到营地后,他们吃了冷的三明治作为晚餐,随后就入睡了。

By morning, the rain had stopped. It was a drastic change from the previous day's weather. They folded their sleeping bags and put them in a box. Tracy closed the lid and told Kara, "Today will be fun, I promise!" Kara didn't believe her. She missed her convenient life in the city. She was used to an urban lifestyle.

第二天一早,雨停了。天气和之前一天完全不一样。他们收拾好睡袋,装进盒子里。特雷西把盒子盖上并对卡拉说:“今天肯定会很好玩的,我保证!”卡拉不以为然,她开始想念城市的便利生活。她已经习惯了城市里的生活。

After breakfast, they went for a walk. The grass was covered with dew, and it gleamed in the sunlight. Finally, they reached a lake. Kara and Tracy waded into the water. The reeds swayed in the wind, and a flock of birds flew above. Kara felt very peaceful.

吃过早餐后,他们开始散步。草地上铺满露珠,在阳光的照射下熠熠发光。终于,他们来到一个湖边。卡拉和特雷西淌进水里。芦苇在随风摇摆,一群鸟从芦苇荡里飞出。卡拉感受到了很平静的气息。

That night, they made a fire. They sat around it while Mr. Grieves told scary stories. Kara had a lot of fun. Camping was a good way for friends to spend time together, she realized.

那天晚上,他们生了一堆火。大家围着火堆听格里夫斯先生讲恐怖故事。卡拉很开心,她意识到露营是朋友间共度时光的一种好方式。

The next day, it was time for them to leave. She felt sad while they exited the park. She didn't like camping at first, but she learned how fun it could be over the weekend.

第二天,到了该离开的时候。驶出公园时她感到一阵悲伤。她一开始不喜欢露营,但这个周末让她知道了露营的乐趣。

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