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听故事学4000英语词汇112:文士的警告

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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 22 Word List

第22单元 单词表

charity n.

慈善

Charity is an act of giving help, usually money, to those who need it.

向需要帮助的人提供帮助的行为,通常是金钱。

→ Thanks to his friends' charity, he had enough money to pay the rent.

多亏了朋友的慷慨解囊,他才有足够的钱付房租。

commerce n.

商业

Commerce is the activity of buying and selling things.

买卖的行为。

→ The new shopping mall increased the commerce in that section of town.

新的购物中心增加了那个地区的商业活动。

condemn v.

谴责

To condemn someone means to give them a specific punishment.

给某人一种特定的惩罚。

→ The judge condemned the criminal to five years in prison.

法官判这个罪犯五年监禁。

cozy adj.

舒服的

If something is cozy, then it is comfortable, warm, and relaxing.

指舒适、温暖和放松的。

→ The thick blanket made the bed very cozy.

厚厚的毯子使床变得很舒服。

deplete v.

耗尽

To deplete an amount of something means to use up all of it.

指全部用完。

→ All the driving he was doing was depleting his car's fuel supply.

他所做的所有驾驶行为都消耗了他的车油。

economy n.

经济

An economy is the money and businesses of a country or region.

指一个国家或地区的货币或企业。

→ The factory was good for the economy because it brought jobs to the area.

这家工厂对经济有好处,因为它给这个地区带来了就业机会。

empire n.

帝国

An empire is a large group of countries ruled by an emperor or empress.

指由皇帝或皇后统治的一大群国家。

→ The emperor built roads to make travel easier throughout the empire.

皇帝修建道路使整个帝国的交通更加便利。

goods n.

商品

Goods are anything that can be bought or sold.

任何可以买卖的东西。

→ Shoes, hats, dresses and purses were the goods she wanted to buy.

鞋子、帽子、衣服和钱包都是她想买的东西。

heed v.

注意

To heed something means to obey or follow it.

指服从或跟随。

→ You should heed the advice on the sign and not drive so fast.

你应该注意路标上的指示,不要开得那么快。

hitchhike v.

搭便车

To hitchhike means to travel by asking for rides from passing vehicles.

指请求过路汽车搭载。

→ She didn't have a car, so she hitchhiked several miles to her brother's home.

她没有车,所以她搭便车走了几英里到她哥哥家。

mock v.

嘲笑

To mock someone means to tease them in a cruel way.

表示残忍地取笑。

→ The girls mocked Nancy because she was a new student.

女孩们嘲笑南希,因为她是新生。

neutral adj.

中立的

If someone is neutral, then they do not help either of the two fighting sides.

表示对争端双方都不提供帮助的。

→ The girl's friend remained neutral while the couple was arguing.

当这对夫妇争吵时,女孩的朋友保持中立。

persecute v.

迫害

To persecute means to treat someone badly.

表示虐待某人。

→ Dan felt persecuted because he was smaller than the other boys at school.

丹因为比学校李其他男孩小而感到被欺负。

pity n.

遗憾

Pity is the feeling of sadness and kindness for those who are suffering.

对那些受苦的人的悲伤和仁慈的感觉。

→ Because she had pity for the lost boy, she helped him find his parents.

因为同情那个迷路的男孩,所以她帮助他找到了父母。

reduce v.

减少

To reduce something means to make it less in size or number.

指使尺寸或数量减小的。

→ When the store reduced its prices, people wanted to shop there.

商店降价能吸引顾客。

scribe n.

抄写员

A scribe was a person whose job was to copy written works.

抄写书面作品的人。

→ In Ancient Egypt, scribes recorded important events.

在古埃及,抄写员记录重要事件。

temper n.

脾气

A temper is someone's mood or a chance that they might get angry.

指某人的情绪或他们可能会生气的机会。

→ She has a temper. Even the slightest mistakes make her angry.

她是个易怒的人,微小的错误也会让她暴跳如雷。

throne n.

王座

A throne is the special chair in which a ruler sits.

统治者坐的特殊椅子。

→ Nobody except the king and queen sat in the thrones in the great hall.

除了国王和王后,没有能坐大厅里的王位。

unity n.

团结

Unity is the state of people working together for a certain purpose.

指人们为了某种目的而一起工作。

→ The project was finished early, thanks to the unity of the workers.

由于工人们的团结一致,工程提前完成了。

victor n.

胜利者

A victor is a group or person that wins in a contest.

在比赛中获胜的团体或个人。

→ At the end of the game, the blue team was the victor.

在比赛中获胜的团体或个人。

The Scribe's Warning

文士的警告

A great and powerful empire needed the wood from its western areas to build palaces and homes for the emperor and his friends. However, the empire had depleted many of the forests. The trees were important to the western areas' economy. With no trees to sell, the commerce in that area was reduced. Citizens could no longer purchase the goods that they needed to survive. Their life became difficult.

一个强大的帝国需要西部地区的木材为皇帝和他的朋友们建造宫殿和住宅。然而,帝国耗尽了许多木材。这些树对西部地区的经济很重要。由于没有树可卖,那个地区的商业活动减少了。公民无法再购买他们赖以生存的商品。他们的生活变得困难。

A poor scribe from the area wanted to help. He hitchhiked to the capital to ask the emperor for charity. He was invited to the palace. It was large and cozy. Tables were loaded with food, and fires burned warmly in every fireplace.

一名穷困潦倒的文士想要为民请命。他去到京城请求皇帝网开一面。皇帝将其邀请到皇宫中商谈。宫殿宏伟舒适,桌上摆满了食物,每座壁炉里的火都烧得很旺。

The emperor sat up upon his throne, and the scribe stood in front of him.

皇帝坐在王位上,文士站在他面前。

I've come to ask for help, the scribe said. "We're all very poor and hungry. You've used up all of the forests, and now we have nothing to sell. " Then he added a warning. "If we don't receive help, I'm afraid that the entire empire will suffer. We must establish some unity. "

“我是来求救的,”文士说道。“我们穷困潦倒,饥寒交迫。您将所有的森林砍伐殆尽,所以我们没有收入来源。”随后他警告说:“如果您不帮助我们,那整个帝国都会跟着遭罪。我们肯定会团结在一起。”

Upon hearing the scribe's request, the emperor's bad temper surfaced. He mocked the scribe. "You think I should help," he said and laughed. "You should just be happy to belong to this great empire. You will get nothing from me. "

听完他的请求后,国王的暴脾气显露无疑。他嘲笑说:“你们觉得我该施以援手,你们该庆幸自己生活在这个伟大的帝国中,我什么也不会帮你们的。”

The emperor felt no pity for the citizens of the western area. They were condemned to starve. The scribe returned home with nothing.

皇帝并不同情西部地区的居民。他们被迫挨饿。文士一无所获地返回家中。

Not long after, an enemy invaded the empire from the west. They were marching to the capital. Because the citizens felt persecuted by the emperor, they remained neutral. They didn't fight the invaders but allowed them to march freely to the capital.

不久之后,有敌国从西部地区入侵。他们势如破竹,兵临城下。生活在水深火热之中的民众选择袖手旁观。他们没有与侵略者作战,而是允许他们自由地向首都进军。

The emperor was defeated. If he had heeded the words of the scribe, then the citizens might have been the victors. But because he had treated them badly, they treated him badly in return.

皇帝战败了。如果他听从了文士的告诫,也许结果就回相反。但由于他的刻薄,民众也罔顾他的死活。

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