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听故事学4000英语词汇115:吉尔伯特和蜥蜴

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 25 Word List

第25单元 单词表

aircraft n.

飞机

An aircraft is a vehicle that flies in the sky, such as an airplane or helicopter.

空中飞行的交通工具,如飞机或直升机。

→ At the museum in the airport, you can see a lot of old aircraft.

在机场的博物馆里,你可以看到很多旧飞机。

celebrity n.

名人

A celebrity is someone who is famous.

之出名的人。

→ It was the highlight of the evening when the celebrities arrived.

当名流们到达时,晚会达到了高潮。

concrete n.

凝结物

Concrete is a substance made from stones.

由石头制成的物质。

→ The man covered the ground with concrete.

那人用混凝土覆盖地面。

decisive adj.

果断的

If someone is decisive, they make decisions quickly.

指能快速做决定的。

→ Our boss is very decisive, so it did not take long to organize the project.

我们的老板很果断,所以很快就组织了这个项目。

esteemed adj.

受人尊敬的

If someone is esteemed, many people like or respect them.

指受到许多人喜欢或尊敬的。

→ An esteemed scientist is coming to the university to talk about her discoveries.

一位受人尊敬的科学家要来这所大学宣讲她的成果。

ethical adj.

道德的

If something is ethical, it is the right thing to do.

指正确的事。

→ Many people believe that it is ethical to help others in need.

许多人认为助人为乐是对的。

extinct adj.

灭绝的

If plants or animals are extinct, there are none left.

指没有剩下的。

→ There used to be dinosaurs all over the world, but now they are extinct.

过去世界各地都有恐龙,但现在它们灭绝了。

hardy adj.

坚强的

If a person or plant is hardy, it is strong and can live though difficult conditions.

指能在困难的条件下生存。

→ The farmer is a hardy man and doesn't mind working outside.

农民是个吃苦耐劳的人,不介意在外面工作。

institute n.

机构

An institute is an organization that is interested in research or teaching.

指研究或教育机构。

→ I am going to a lecture about ancient Rome at the Historical Institute.

我要去历史研究所听一个关于古罗马的讲座。

jealousy n.

嫉妒

Jealousy is a feeling of wanting something that somebody else has.

一种想要别人拥有的东西的感觉。

→ She felt a lot of jealousy when she saw Luke with two girls.

当她看到卢克和两个女孩在一起时,她感到非常嫉妒。

migrate v.

移动

To migrate means to move from one place to another.

指从一个地方到另一个地方。

→ Many birds migrate to warmer countries in the winter.

许多鸟在冬天迁徙到较温暖的国家。

nurture y.

养育

To nurture something means to care for it as it grows or develops.

指在事物成长或发展过程中给予关心的。

→ Robert nurtured his plants, and that is why they grow so well.

罗伯特的植物长得这么好的原因在于他的精心照料。

overhead adv.

在头顶上方

If something is overhead, it is located above you.

指位于正上方的。

→ As we sat on top of the hill, a plane flew overhead.

我们坐在山顶上,一架飞机从我们头顶飞过。

principle n.

主义

A principle is a belief about the correct way to behave.

关于正确行为方式的一种信念。

→ To maintain principles, it's vital to watch, listen, and speak carefully.

要保持原则,仔细观察、倾听和说话是至关重要的。

rural adj.

农村的

If a place is rural, it is in the countryside instead of the city.

指乡下的而不是城里的。

→ I want to live in a small house in a rural area.

我想住在乡下的小房子里。

secluded adj.

隐蔽的

If a place is secluded, it is far away from any other place.

指远离任何地方的。

→ There was a secluded bench in the park.

公园僻静处有一条长凳。

species n.

种类

A species is a type of plant or animal.

植物或动物的一种。

→ There are 21 different species of butterfly in this forest.

这片森林里有21种不同的蝴蝶。

swamp n.

沼泽

A swamp is a very wet area of land.

一块非常潮湿的土地。

→ There are lots of wild animals living in the swamp.

沼泽地里生活着许多野生动物。

traverse v.

穿过

To traverse means to move or travel through an area.

指在一个区域内移动或旅行。

→ The explorer traversed the desert alone on a camel.

探险者独自骑着骆驼穿越沙漠。

zoology n.

动物学

Zoology is a subject in which people study animals.

研究动物的学科。

→ Helen wants to study zoology because she has always liked animals.

海伦想学习动物学,因为她一直喜欢动物。

Gilbert and the Lizard

吉尔伯特和蜥蜴

Eliza disliked Australia. Firstly, she'd had to spend twenty uncomfortable hours on an aircraft getting here. She wanted to go to the beach, but her husband was a zoology professor and wanted to look for some interesting animals. So now she was traversing a swamp in the midday heat.

伊丽莎不喜欢澳大利亚。首先,她不得不在飞机上花20个小时不舒服地到达这里。她想去海滩,但她的丈夫是动物学教授,想找一些有趣的动物。所以现在她正冒着正午的炎热穿过一片沼泽地。

Let me sit down, Gilbert. I'm not hardy like you, she said, eventually.

终于,她说道:“让我坐下歇会,吉尔伯特,我体力没你好。”

They sat under a tree. There were lots of birds in that secluded, rural place, and they watched them Flying overhead.

他们坐在树下。在那个偏僻的乡下,有许多鸟飞过他们的头顶。

Then suddenly Gilbert saw something on a rock. "That's strange," said Gilbert. "That looks like a Red Swamp Lizard, but I thought that species was extinct. " He carefully picked it up. "Yes, it is! I'm going to take it back to the Zoology Institute. They will be filled with so much jealousy when they see what I have found!",

突然吉尔伯特看到岩石上有什么东西。“真奇怪,”吉尔伯特说。“那好像是一条红色沼泽蜥蜴,但我一直认为它们已经灭绝了”。他小心翼翼地将蜥蜴捡起来。“没错,正是红色沼泽蜥蜴!我要把它带回动物学研究所,他们肯定会羡慕死的。”

Are you sure we should take it from its home? asked Eliza.

“你确定要把它带离它的家乡吗?”伊丽莎问道。

Nonsense, many animals migrate. They're used to changes, said Gilbert.

“胡说,很多动物都迁徙。他们已经习惯了变化,”吉尔伯特说。

Hmm, I don't agree with the principle of it, said Eliza. "It isn't ethical. " But Gilbert was decisive and took the lizard back to the hotel in the city. He thought that this find would make him a highly esteemed celebrity at the Zoology Institute.

“嗯,我不同意这个说法,”伊丽莎说。“这不太道德。”。但是吉尔伯特心意已决,把蜥蜴带回了城里的旅馆。他认为这一发现将使他成为动物学研究所备受尊敬的名人。

For the next few days, Gilbert Fed and nurtured the lizard. But the lizard wasn't happy. It lost its beautiful red color and began to look ordinary. In fact, Gilbert started to wonder whether it was special at all. He went outside and found a common lizard on a piece of concrete. When he compared them, they looked exactly alike. The lizard was only red in the swamp!

接下来的几天里,吉尔伯特喂养这只蜥蜴。但是蜥蜴并不高兴。它失去了美丽的红色,看起来很普通。事实上,吉尔伯特开始怀疑它是否特别。他走到外面,在一块混凝土上发现了一只普通的蜥蜴。他把两者做了比较,发现二者一模一样。蜥蜴只在沼泽里是红色的!

Gilbert said to Eliza, "I'm going to return this lizard to the swamp. I've learned an important lesson. Home is where we are happiest. At home, we are special like the red lizard. We can never be so happy when we are away. "

吉尔伯特对伊丽莎说:“我要把这只蜥蜴送回沼泽地。我学到了重要的一课。家是我们最快乐的地方。在家里,我们就像这只红蜥蜴一样特别。而远离家的我们就会变得不快乐。”

Good, said Eliza. "So, can we go home now?"

“好,”伊丽莎说。“那我们现在可以回家了吗?”

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