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听故事学4000英语词汇117:一片濒临消失的森林

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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 27 Word List

第27单元 单词表

beneficial adj.

有益的

If something is beneficial, it is good for you.

表示有好处的。

→ Drinking milk everyday is beneficial to your bones.

每天喝牛奶对你的骨骼有好处。

birthplace n.

出生地

A birthplace is a place where a person is born or where something started.

一个人出生的地方,或者是某件事开始的地方。

→ China is the birthplace of chopsticks.

中国是筷子的发源地。

capacity n.

容量

The capacity of something is the amount of things that can be put in it.

指可以容纳的物体数量。

→ The parking lot has reached its full capacity.

停车场已经没有空位了。

comparative adj.

比较的

If something is comparative, it is being judged based on something else.

根据其他事物来判断的。

→ The money that John has is comparative to most other adults.

约翰的钱和大多数成年人的钱相当。

comprehensive adj.

综合的

If something is comprehensive, it has all the details about something else.

包含了关于其他事情的所有细节。

→ The teacher gave us a comprehensive review for the exam.

老师对我们考试作了全面的复习。

conserve v.

保存

To conserve something is to protect it from being ruined or used completely.

保护不被破坏或完全使用。

→ The group worked to conserve the beauty of Europe's national parks.

该组织致力于保护欧洲国家公园的美丽。

crucial adj.

重要的

If something is crucial, it is extremely important to another thing.

对另一件事极其重要的。

→ Clean air is crucial to the survival of humans, plants, and animals.

清洁的空气对人类、植物和动物的生存至关重要。

cumulative adj.

累积的

Cumulative describes an increase by adding one after another.

指一个接一个增加的。

→ The cumulative snowfall in the area is 50 centimeters per year.

这个地区的年降雪量为50厘米。

deposit v.

存放

To deposit something is to put it into a place or another thing.

将某物置于某地或另一物之中。

→ I deposited the money into my bank account.

我把钱存入我的银行账户。

distribute v.

分配

To distribute something is to give it to a number of people.

将东西分发给别人。

→ The teacher distributed crayons and markers to his students.

老师给学生们分发蜡笔和记号笔。

equator n.

赤道

The equator is an imaginary line that splits the Earth into north and south.

一条假想的线,它把地球分成南北两部分。

→ The equator crosses the northern part of South America.

赤道穿过南美洲的北部。

exotic adj.

异国的

Exotic describes something unusual because it is from far away.

用于描述因外来而不寻常的东西

→ Rebecca tried many exotic foods on her trip to Africa.

丽贝卡在她的非洲之旅中尝试了许多异国食物。

federal adj.

联邦的

If something is federal, it comes from the government of a country.

来自一个国家的政府的。

→ Sometimes federal laws are different from state laws.

有时联邦法律与州法律不同。

formation n.

构造

A formation is the way that something is made.

某物形成的方式。

→ The formation of ice happens when water freezes.

水结冰时就会形成冰。

frequency n.

频率

The frequency of something is the number of times that it happens.

指某事发生的次数。

→ The frequency of rainstorms is very high, especially during the spring.

暴风雨的频率很高,尤其是在春天。

objective n.

目的

An objective is a goal or plan that someone has.

某人的目标或计划。

→ My objective this week is to finish my homework by 7:30 every night.

我这周的目标是每天晚上7:30前完成作业。

oxygen n.

氧气

Oxygen is a gas that all living things need to breathe.

所有生物都需要呼吸的气体。

→ My aunt believes that the oxygen in the country is cleaner than in the city.

我姑姑认为乡下的氧气比城里的干净。

rainforest n.

(热带)雨林

A rainforest is a forest that is in a place where it rains very often.

经常下雨的地方的森林。

→ The rainforest is home to many animals.

雨林是许多动物的家园。

strategy n.

战略

A strategy is a plan for how to do something.

关于如何做某事的计划。

→ The team came up with a strategy to win the game.

这个队想出了一个赢得比赛的策略。

wooded adj.

森林多的

If an area is wooded, it is covered with trees.

指树木繁茂的。

→ Jim and Ben decided to go hiking in the wooded area by the river.

吉姆和本决定去河边的树林里远足。

A Dying Forest

一片濒临消失的森林

Rainforests provide much of the world's oxygen supply. But the forests' exotic trees and animals are being killed to make room for farmers and roads. People have been trying to conserve rainforests for years. But another type of forest—the cloud forest—is just as beneficial to humans. Cloud forests are also in danger of disappearing, but little is being done to save them.

雨林提供了世界上大部分的氧气供应。但是为了增加耕地和修建道路,森林里奇异的树木和动物正在被砍伐和猎杀。多年来,人们一直在努力保护热带雨林。但是另一种森林——云林——对人类同样有益。云林也面临着消失的危险,但我们对此也无能为力。

These forests are located at the tops of mountains, generally near the equator. These humid, wooded mountaintops are mainly in African and Central and South American countries. They are called "cloud forests" because their height allows for the formation of clouds among the trees.

这些森林位于山顶,通常在赤道附近。这些潮湿、树木繁茂的山顶主要分布在非洲、中美和南美国家。它们被称为“云林”是它们海拔高,树木之间能形成云雾。

Rainforests produce large amounts of oxygen. Cloud forests produce comparative amounts of water. The trees in these forests pull water out of the clouds. The moisture gathers on the leaves. When it drips, it is deposited into streams. The streams flow into towns at the bottom of the mountain. Then, it's distributed to people. The yearly cumulative rainfall in these areas is 173-198 centimeters. Cloud forests can pull in up to 60 percent of that. This water is crucial to the plants and the people in the area. It helps them survive.

雨林产生大量的氧气,而云林能产生等量的水分。这些森林里的树木把云里的水吸收并聚集在树叶上。当它滴落的时候,就会沉积在小溪里。小溪流入山脚下的城镇。然后供人们饮用。这些地区的年累计降雨量为173-198厘米。云林可以吸收其中的60%。这些水对这个地区的植物和人们都至关重要,是他们赖以生存的。

Cloud forests are also the birthplace of countless species of plants that can't be found anywhere else. One small cloud forest has the capacity for as many types of plants as there are in all of Europe. There are so many, in fact, that scientists haven't made a comprehensive list of them yet.

云林也是无数种植物的诞生地,这些植物在其他任何地方都找不到。一个小云林可以种植的植物和整个欧洲一样多。事实上,数量多到科学家们还没有列出一个完整的清单。

These forests are being destroyed with increasing frequency. Trees are being cut down, and roads are being built in their place. Some people have an objective to get federal money to protect the forests. But they have had little success. Another strategy is to replace the destroyed plants. That, too, has been difficult because the plants are so unique. There's plenty of work to be done, but saving the cloud forests is still a possibility.

这些森林正越来越频繁地遭到破坏。树木正在被砍伐,取而代之的是公路。有些人致力于获得联邦资金来保护森林,但收效甚微。另一个策略是重新种植被砍伐掉的树木。这也很困难,因为这些植物很独特。虽然还有很多工作要做,但我们还是有可能拯救云林的。

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