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听故事学4000英语词汇119:太阳能汽车赛

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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 29 Word List

第29单元 单词表

automobile n.

汽车

An automobile is a car.

指汽车。

→ The first automobiles were very different from the ones that exist today.

第一辆汽车与今天的汽车大不相同。

candidate n.

候选人

A candidate is a person who is competing to win something such as a job.

为赢得某件事而竞争的人,比如工作。

→ Alice is the best candidate for the job.

艾丽丝是这份工作的最佳人选。

confidential adj.

机密的

If something is confidential, it must be kept secret.

必须保密的。

→ The information from the meeting is confidential.

会议的信息是保密的。

corporate adj.

共同的

If something is corporate, it is related to a large business.

与一个大企业有关的。

→ Tom enjoys working in the corporate world.

汤姆喜欢在公司工作。

enhance v.

加强

To enhance something is to make it better.

使变得更好。

→ Amy's blue shirt really enhances the color of her eyes.

艾米的蓝色衬衫使她眼睛的颜色更鲜艳了。

era n.

时代

An era is a period of time that has something special about it.

一段有特殊意义的时期。

→ During the medieval era, knights wore protective armor.

在中世纪,骑士们穿着防护盔甲。

guideline n.

指导方针

A guideline is a rule about how to do something.

关于如何做某事的规则。

→ Before they began the project, the teacher gave them some guidelines.

在他们开始这个项目之前,老师给了他们一些指导。

incorporate v.

合并

To incorporate is to add something to another thing.

把一些东西加到另一个东西上。

→ I decided to incorporate a new ingredient into my cake recipe.

我决定在我的蛋糕成分中加入一种新的配料。

interact v.

互相影响

To interact is to talk to or do something with another person.

指和另一个人交谈或做某事。

→ The kids began to interact when the adults left the room.

当大人们离开房间时,孩子们开始互动。

interval n.

间隔

An interval is the time between two things happening.

发生在两件事之间的时间。

→ Tony rested for brief intervals while he worked in the yard.

托尼在院子里干活时休息了一会儿。

mobile adj.

可移动的

If something is mobile, it can be moved easily.

可以很容易地移动的。

→ Mobile phones are popular because you can take them anywhere.

手机很受欢迎,因为可以随身携带。

modify v.

修改

To modify something is to change it a little bit.

稍微修改一下。

→ I modified my outfit by adding a belt to it.

我给我的衣服加了一条腰带。

parallel adj.

平行的

If two things are parallel, they are the same distance away from each other.

两者之间的距离是相同的。

→ There are two yellow parallel lines dividing both sides of traffic.

有两条黄色的平行线把路分开。

phenomenon n.

现象

A phenomenon is something that can be seen as it is happening.

可视的正在发生的。

→ I was amazed when I saw the phenomenon of shooting stars.

当我看到流星的现象时,我感到很惊奇。

pollute v.

污染

To pollute means to make air, water, or land dirty, unclean, or foul.

指使空气、水或土地变得肮脏、不干净或腐烂。

→ The careless factory polluted the river with chemicals.

那家粗心大意的工厂用化学物质污染了这条河。

ridicule v.

嘲笑

To ridicule is to make fun of something in a mean way.

用卑鄙的方式取笑某事。

→ The other students ridicule Peter's foreign accent.

其他学生嘲笑彼得的外国口音。

solar adj.

太阳的

If something is solar, it is related to the sun.

与太阳有关的。

→ Using solar energy is good for the environment.

使用太阳能对环境有好处。

territory n.

领土

A territory is a piece of land that belongs to a country but isn't a state.

一块属于一个国家而不是一个国家的土地。

→ Gibraltar is a territory of Great Britain.

直布罗陀是大不列颠的领土。

tournament n.

锦标赛

A tournament is a competition, usually with many people participating.

一种竞赛,通常有很多人参加。

→ My dad is playing in a golf tournament tomorrow.

我爸爸明天要参加高尔夫球锦标赛。

transportation v.

运输

Transportation is any type of vehicle that can carry people or things.

任何一种可以运载人或物的交通工具。

→ I don't have a car, so my normal transportation is the train.

我没有车,所以我的正常交通工具是火车。

The Solar Car Race

太阳能汽车赛

We live in a mobile society. But the cars we drive require too much gas, plus they pollute the air. Eventually, the natural resources used to make gas will run out. So what happens then? Many people think solar-powered automobiles are the answer. To learn more about this type of transportation, teams from universities and corporate organizations gather in Australia every two years for a solar car race.

我们生活在一个流动的社会。但是我们开的汽车需要太多的汽油,而且还会污染空气。最终,用于制造天然气的自然资源将会耗尽。然后呢?许多人认为太阳能汽车是答案。为了更多地了解这种交通方式,来自大学和企业组织的团队每两年聚集在澳大利亚参加一次太阳能汽车比赛。

The race is called the World Solar Challenge. Candidates for this tournament must design their own cars. The teams keep all their plans confidential. They don't interact with other teams because the race is very competitive. And these cars aren't just enhanced and modified versions of normal cars. They are completely different.

这项比赛被称为“世界太阳能挑战赛”。参加这次比赛的选手必须自己设计汽车。这些团队对他们所有的计划都保密。他们不与其他团队互动,因为竞争非常激烈。这些汽车不仅仅是普通汽车的升级和改装版本。它们是完全不同的。

The cars only have room for one person and are very simple inside—they don't even have a cushion for the driver to sit on. These cars are shorter and much more flat than normal cars. Most importantly, the cars incorporate solar panels onto the outside that lie parallel to each other. These panels are made from materials that take in light from the sun and turn it into electric energy. That's how they move.

这些车只能坐一个人,而且车内装饰很简单——甚至没有供司机坐的坐垫。这些汽车比普通汽车更短平。最重要的是,这些汽车将太阳能电池板安装在彼此平行的外部。这些太阳能板是由吸收太阳光并将其转化为电能的材料制成的。这就是车的动力来源。

These cars race over 3,000 kilometers across the Australian territories. The drivers have to heed strict guidelines. They must stop at certain intervals to charge their batteries. And unlike normal race cars, they can't go very fast. They have to drive at the normal speed limits. Although the drivers want to finish the race quickly, that is not the main goal. The objective is to see how well the cars work under normal driving conditions.

这些汽车的赛程是三千多公里。司机必须遵守严格的驾驶规则。他们必须在一定的时间间隔停下来充电。而且不像普通的赛车,它们跑不快,而是必须以正常速度行驶。虽然车手们想尽快完成比赛,但这并不是他们的主要目标。我们的目标是观察这些汽车在正常驾驶条件下的性能。

Because of the World Solar Challenge, a new era in car making and in driving is beginning. People may ridicule the solar cars because they look strange, but this is a phenomenon that isn't going away. Using the technology from the vehicles, car makers will eventually create solar cars for the rest of us.

由于这项挑战,一个汽车制造和驾驶的新时代开始了。人们可能会嘲笑太阳能汽车奇怪的外观,但这是以后的趋势。利用这些汽车的技术,汽车制造商最终将生产出面对大众的太阳能汽车。

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