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听故事学4000英语词汇129:纺织机器

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 9 Word List

第9单元 单词表

archaic adj.

古代的

If something is archaic, it is very old or outdated.

指非常古老或过时的。

→ To be competitive, we must update our archaic equipment.

为了有竞争力,我们必须更新我们陈旧的设备。

benevolent adj.

仁慈的

If someone is benevolent, they are kind and generous.

表示善良大方的。

→ My father was a benevolent man and gave lots of money to charity.

我父亲是个善人,给慈善机构捐了很多钱。

brass n.

黄铜

Brass is a metal that is used to make musical instruments and ornaments.

一种用来制造乐器和装饰品的金属。

→ Brass is used to make musical instruments like trumpets.

黄铜被用来制造像小号这样的乐器。

capitalism n.

资本主义

Capitalism is an economic system where private companies make goods for profit.

一种私营企业为盈利而生产商品的经济体系。

→ Most industries in the world today are based on capitalism.

当今世界上大多数工业都是建立在资本主义基础上的。

component n.

成分

A component is a part of a larger machine.

大型机器的一部分。

→ Computers have many different components, so they are complicated to build.

计算机有许多不同的部件,所以制造起来很复杂。

dependence n.

依赖

Dependence is a situation in which somebody relies on something else.

指某人依赖其他事物的情况。

→ Young children have a dependence on their parents.

小孩子依赖他们的父母。

diminish v.

减少

To diminish means to reduce or get smaller.

指减少或变得更小。

→ As the economy got worse, my savings diminished.

随着经济的恶化,我的储蓄也在变少。

drawback n.

缺点

A drawback is a disadvantage.

指不足之处。

→ The drawback of having a car is that it is very expensive to maintain.

拥有一辆汽车的缺点是保养费用非常昂贵。

fad n.

时尚

A fad is something that is popular for a short time.

指在短时间内很流行的东西。

→ The hula hoop was a fad for a few years, but it soon lost its popularity.

呼啦圈流行了几年,但很快就不受欢迎了。

impose v.

强加

To impose means to interrupt or force your ideas on other people.

把自己的想法强加给别人。

→ He imposes on his wife every morning by expecting her to make breakfast.

他每天早晨都强迫妻子做早餐。

managerial adj.

管理的

Managerial describes something related to a manager or management.

与经理或管理有关的。

→ Nancy has a managerial position at the bank.

南希在银行担任管理职务。

medieval adj.

中世纪的

If something is medieval, it comes from the period between 650 and 1500 CE.

来自公元650年到1500年之间的。

→ We visited a castle that was built during medieval times.

我们参观了一座建于中世纪的城堡。

obsolete adj.

废弃的

If something is obsolete, it is not used anymore because something better exists.

指因为有更好的事物存在而不再被需要的东西。

→ Since computers became inexpensive, typewriters have become obsolete.

自从电脑降价后,打字机就被遗弃了。

peninsula n.

半岛

A peninsula is a large piece of land that is surrounded by the sea on three sides.

一块三面环海的陆地。

→ The state of Florida is an example of a peninsula.

佛罗里达州就是一个典型的半岛。

prestige n.

威望

If a person has prestige, people admire or respect them.

收到人们钦佩或尊重的。

→ The young actress gained much prestige after she won an award.

那位年轻女演员获奖后获得了很高的声誉。

proportion n.

比例

A proportion is an amount that shows the link between the parts and the whole.

显示部分和整体之间联系的数量。

→ Only a small proportion of the people in this town actually work here.

这个镇上实际上只有一小部分人在这里工作。

radical adj.

激进的

If something is radical, it is very new or different.

指非常新颖或不同的。

→ The president is planning to make some radical changes to the law.

总统计划对法律进行一些根本性的修改。

refute v.

反驳

To refute something means to prove that it is false or incorrect.

意思是证明某事是错误的。

→ The bank manager has refuted the claims that he lied to his customers.

银行经理驳斥了他对客户说谎的说法。

spectacular adj.

壮观的

If something is spectacular, it looks or sounds very impressive.

看起来或听起来非常令人印象深刻的。

→ There was a spectacular fireworks display in the park at New Year.

新年时公园里有一场壮观的烟火表演。

weave v.

纺织

To weave means to make cloth using horizontal and vertical threads.

指将线纵横交错。

→ We saw a woman weave a blanket on our vacation to South America.

我们去南美度假时看见一个女人在织毯子。

The Weaving Machine

纺织机器

Mr. Joseph Franklin invented a machine that could weave cloth. It wove faster and straighter than anyone could weave by hand. He decided to take it to two cities on a peninsula, Netherton and Wilton. In these cities, a large proportion of the people worked in weaving. Joseph felt sure he could sell his machine there.

约瑟夫·富兰克林先生发明了一种可以织布的机器。它织得又快又直,比任何人用手织的都要快。他决定把它带到半岛上的两个城市,尼日顿和威尔顿。在这两个城市里,很大一部分人从事纺织工作。约瑟夫确信他能在那里卖掉他的机器。

Joseph first took his machine to the mayor of Netherton. "Think of the money you will earn from this machine!" Joseph said to him.

约瑟夫首先把他的机器带给尼日顿市长。“想想你从这台机器上能赚多少钱!”约瑟夫对他说。

But the mayor was a benevolent man. He knew about the people's dependence on weaving for their livelihood. If he bought the machine, the people would lose their jobs. So he refused to buy it.

但是市长是个仁慈的人。他知道人们依靠织布为生,如果他买了这台机器,人们就会失业。所以他拒绝购买。

Joseph said, "We are no longer in the medieval age! Soon everything will be made by machines. Cloth made by hand will soon be obsolete. If you don't change your archaic ways, your town's income will diminish!"

约瑟夫说:“我们不再是在中世纪了!不久,一切都将由机器制造。手工织布很快就会过时。如果你不改变你陈旧的生活方式,你的城镇收入将会减少!”

But the mayor said, "I don't like capitalism. Don't impose your radical ideas on my town. Go away!"

但是市长说:“我不喜欢资本主义。不要把你的激进思想强加于我的城市。走开!”

So Joseph took his machine to the mayor at Wilton. This mayor thought Joseph's machine was spectacular and spent a long time looking at its different components made of brass. The mayor couldn't refute the fact that the machine had drawbacks that would affect the people's jobs. But he realized the machine could bring money and prestige. So he ordered Joseph to build twenty of them.

于是约瑟夫把他的机器带到威尔顿的市长那里。这位市长认为约瑟夫的机器很壮观,他花了很长时间研究不同的黄铜部件。市长无法反驳一个事实,即这台机器会影响人们的工作机会。但他意识到这台机器可以带来金钱和声望。他就吩咐约瑟建造二十个。

Within a year, Wilton was a wealthy city, famous for its wonderful cloth. People no longer wove but worked in managerial jobs at cloth factories instead. Nobody bought the cloth from Netherton anymore. The people of Netherton became poor and hungry.

不到一年,威尔顿就变成了一个富有的城市,以其精美的布料而闻名。人们不再织布,而是在布厂从事管理工作。再也没有人从尼日顿买这种布了。尼日顿的居民变得又穷又饿。

Finally, the mayor of Netherton called Joseph and said, "Now I realize that your machine is not just a passing fad. To succeed in business, we must be willing to change." He then ordered twenty weaving machines.

最后,尼日顿市长打电话给约瑟夫说:“现在我意识到,你们的机器不只是昙花一现。为了在商业上取得成功,我们必须得做出改变。”然后他订购了20台织布机。

After that, both Netherton and Wilton became rich cities, famous throughout the land for their wonderful cloth.

从那以后,尼日斐顿和威尔顿都变成了富裕的城市,以其精美的布料闻名于世。

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