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听故事学4000英语词汇142:新生物技术公司

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 22 Word List

第22单元 单词表

acid n.

An acid is a chemical that can burn or dissolve other substances.

一种能燃烧或溶解其他物质的化学物质。

→ In chemistry class, we mixed two acids together and watched the reaction.

在化学课上,我们把两种酸混合在一起观察反应。

administration n.

管理

An administration is the group of people who manage a company or organization.

管理公司或组织的一群人。

→ She hoped she could be promoted to a job in the administration.

她希望能被提升到行政部门工作。

administrative adj.

管理的

Administrative describes anything related to managing a company or organization.

与管理公司或组织有关的任何内容。

→ I work as an administrative assistant to the owner of the company.

我是公司老板的行政助理。

biotechnology n.

生物技术

Biotechnology is the use of living parts, such as cells, in industry and technology.

在工业和技术中使用的活体部分,如细胞。

→ Researchers at the biotechnology company use bacteria to make medicine.

这家生物技术公司的研究人员利用细菌制造药物。

cholesterol n.

胆固醇

Cholesterol is a substance in fat, tissues, and blood of all animals.

所有动物的脂肪、组织和血液中的一种物质。

→ When people have too much cholesterol, they are at a high risk for heart problems.

当人们胆固醇过高时,他们患心脏病的风险也会升高。

coalition n.

联合

A coalition is a group of people or organizations working for a common purpose.

为了一个共同的目的而工作的一群人或组织。

→ The companies formed a coalition to make trade less expensive.

这些公司组成了一个联盟,以降低贸易成本。

deceptive adj.

欺诈的

When something is deceptive, it encourages one to believe something that is false.

鼓励人们相信不是真的。

→ The scary-looking man's appearance is deceptive, but he is actually very nice.

那个长相吓人的人外表很不平易近人,但实际上人很好。

diabetes n.

糖尿病

Diabetes is a medical condition where a person has too much sugar in their blood.

人血液中含糖量过高产生的状况。

→ Overweight people are more likely to suffer from diabetes than slimmer ones.

超重的人比苗条的人更容易患糖尿病。

eliminate v.

消除

To eliminate something that is unwanted means to completely remove it.

指完全消除某物。

→ Wearing a seatbelt eliminates some of the dangers of driving a car.

系上安全带可以消除开车时的一些危险。

erosion n.

侵蚀

Erosion is the destruction of rock or soil due to flowing water or weather.

由于水流或天气对岩石或土壤的破坏。

→ Canyons are formed because rivers of fast-moving water caused erosion.

峡谷的形成是由于河流的快速流动造成的侵蚀。

ethics n.

伦理学

Ethics are moral beliefs or rules about right or wrong.

关于对或错的道德信仰或规则。

→ The act of stealing certainly doesn't go against some people's ethics.

偷窃行为当然不违反某些人的道德规范。

explicit adj.

明确的

If something is explicit, it is very clear, open, and truthful.

非常清楚、公开和真实的。

→ The man gave a very explicit account of the car accident.

那人把车祸的经过讲得很清楚。

framework n.

框架

A framework is a set of rules or ideas that people use to solve problems.

人们用来解决问题的一组规则或想法。

→ His ideas fit into the framework of a successful business plan.

他的想法符合一个成功的商业计划的框架。

manufacture

制造

To manufacture something means to make it in a factory.

指在工厂里生产。

→ My father's company manufactures steel building materials.

我父亲的公司生产钢铁建筑材料。

mechanism n.

机制

A mechanism is a part of a machine that performs a certain function.

起某种作用的机器的一部分。

→ I can't open my car door because the locking mechanism is broke.

我开不了车门,因为锁坏了。

minimize v.

最小化

To minimize means to reduce something to the lowest possible level.

意思是把某物降到尽可能低的水平。

→ I checked my homework twice to minimize errors I might have made.

我检查了两次作业,以尽量减少我可能犯的错误。

nectar n.

花蜜

Nectar is a sweet liquid produced by flowers that bees and other insects collect.

一种甜的液体,由蜜蜂和其他昆虫采集的花朵产生。

→ Bees use nectar to make their honey.

蜜蜂用花蜜酿蜜。

notion n.

概念

A notion is an idea or belief about something.

关于某事的想法或信念。

→ I have a notion that this route would get us to the beach.

我觉得这条路通向海滩。

prone adj.

有…倾向的

When things are prone to some bad thing, they are likely affected by it.

指有可能受影响的。

→ Some people are more prone to catching colds than others.

有些人比其他人更容易感冒。

straightforward adj.

简单的

When something is straightforward, it is good because it is easy to understand.

指易于理解所以好的。

→ The teacher's grading system was straightforward and fair.

老师的评分制度简单而公正。

The New Bioco

新生物技术公司

Jack got a new job at a biotechnology company called Bioco. Bioco manufactured drugs to treat diabetes and high cholesterol. Jack's job was to use a tiny mechanism to get nectar from flowers. The nectar was a main ingredient in the drugs. Jack liked his job, and he thought that Bioco was a caring company. However, Jack soon learned that the company wasn't as kind as he first thought.

杰克在一家名为Bioco的生物技术公司找到了一份新工作。Bioco生产治疗糖尿病和高胆固醇的药物。杰克的工作是用一个微小的机械装置从花中提取花蜜。花蜜是药物的主要成分。杰克喜欢他的工作,他认为Bioco是一家关怀他人的公司。然而,杰克很快就发现这家公司并不像他最初想的那么好。

Bioco's motto was "Make the Earth a Better Place." However, this motto was deceptive. The company actually did a number of really bad things to the environment. The company produced a lot of smog and harmful acid. Bioco poured the acid in a nearby river, which caused erosion and made fish prone to illness.

Bioco的座右铭是“让地球变得更美好”。然而,这句格言是骗人的。这家公司实际上对环境做了很多非常糟糕的事情。该公司产生了大量烟雾和有害酸,并且把酸倒进附近的一条河里,导致河水侵蚀,使鱼容易生病。

After a few weeks at the new job, Jack saw all the bad things Bioco was doing. He had always had strong ethics, and he knew he had to do something. One day, while the Bioco workers were eating in the cafeteria, Jack stood up and gave a speech. He said, "My fellow coworkers, I know you have all seen the evil things our company is doing. I have a notion that we can fix them if we form a coalition. We can go to the administration and tell them we'll quit if they don't eliminate the problems. They'll have no choice but to listen to us."

在新公司工作几周后,杰克看到了Bioco做的所有坏事。他一向有很强的道德感,他知道自己必须做点什么。一天,当Bioco的工作人员在自助餐厅吃饭时,杰克站起来发表了演讲。他说:“同事们,我知道你们都看到了我们公司正在做的邪恶的事情。我有个想法,如果我们联合起来,就能解决问题。我们可以去政府部门投诉,如果他们不解决问题,我们就辞职。他们别无选择,只能听我们的。”

Jack explained what they were to do. His coworkers liked his explicit plan. They went to the administrative offices and demanded that Bioco stop damaging the environment, or they all would quit. One supervisor said to them, "Thank you for being straightforward about this issue. Since I can't afford to lose all of you workers, I guess we'll just have to fix things."

杰克解释了他们要做什么,他的同事喜欢他明确的计划。他们来到行政办公室,要求Bioco停止破坏环境,否则他们都将辞职。一位主管对他们说:“谢谢你们在这个问题上的直率。既然我不能失去你们所有的工人,我想我们只能解决问题了。”

Jack, his supervisor, and his coworkers spent the next month designing a new framework for the company. They cleaned up the acid from the river and minimized the amount of air pollution the company released. At last, the company motto became apt.

杰克、他的主管和同事们花了一个月的时间为公司设计了一个新的框架。他们清理了河里的酸并把公司释放的空气污染降到最低。最后,公司的格言不再是一句空话。

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