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听故事学4000英语词汇143:彗星尾巴是怎么来的

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 23 Word List

第23单元 单词表

astronomical adj.

极大的

If something is astronomical, then it is extremely large.

值非常巨大的。

→ It's an astronomical distance between the Milky Way galaxy and the nearest galaxy.

银河系和最近的星系之间的距离非常大。

atom n.

原子

An atom is the smallest unit of a substance.

物质的最小单位。

→ A molecule consists of a combination of two or more atoms.

一个分子由两个或两个以上原子组成。

breadth n.

宽度

Breadth is the distance from one side to the other side of something.

某物从一边到另一边的距离。

→ The breadth of the northern wall of the house is twenty meters.

这房子的北墙宽二十米。

circumference n.

圆周

A circumference is the distance completely around a circular object.

完全围绕一个圆形物体的距离。

→ The circumference of the Earth is obviously much larger than a baseball's.

地球的周长显然比棒球的周长大得多。

comet n.

彗星

A comet is an object in space made of ice and rock with a tail of glowing dust.

太空中由冰和岩石构成的物体,尾巴上有发光的尘埃。

→ Comets take many decades to complete an orbit around a star.

彗星绕一颗恒星运行一周需要几十年的时间。

crater n.

弹坑

A crater is a large hole in a planet's or moon's surface.

行星或月球表面的一个大洞。

→ They could clearly see the big crater on the moon through the telescope.

他们可以通过望远镜清楚地看到月球上的大坑。

crescent n.

新月

A crescent is the curved shape lit on the moon's face during its early and late stages.

在月球的早期和晚期照亮其表面的弯曲形状。

→ Ten days ago the entire moon was bright, but now only a small crescent is shining.

10天前,整个月亮都很明亮,但现在只有一个小月牙在发光。

debris n.

残骸

Debris is the small pieces scattered from something wrecked or destroyed.

从被破坏或破坏的物体上散落下来的小碎片。

→ The debris from the cube scattered on the floor.

立方体的碎片散落在地板上。

despair n.

绝望

Despair is the complete loss of hope.

彻底失去希望。

→ After the other company won the account, our salespeople were filled with despair.

在另一家公司赢得这个客户后,我们的销售人员充满了绝望。

embed v.

栽种

To embed something means to place it firmly within a surrounding thing.

意味着把它牢牢地放在周围的东西里。

→ The logger embedded the ax into the wood after chopping several logs.

伐木工砍了几根木头后,把斧头插进了木头里。

fragment n.

碎片

A fragment is a small part of something.

某物的一小部分。

→ After the light broke, there were fragments of glass to clean up.

灯被打破后,有一些玻璃碎片需要清理。

galaxy n.

星系

A galaxy is any extremely large collection of star systems.

是任何一个非常大的恒星系统的集合。

→ Our solar system is located in the outer area of our galaxy.

我们的太阳系位于银河系的外围。

gigantic adj.

巨大的

If something is gigantic, then it is extremely large.

非常大的。

→ Some dinosaurs were so gigantic that they were the size of buildings.

有些恐龙的体型有如建筑物一般高大。

gloom n.

昏暗

Gloom is a state of being almost completely dark.

一种几乎完全黑暗的状态。

→ In the gloom of the morning, it was difficult to see the boat on the lake.

在朦胧的晨曦中,很难看到湖上的小船。

radiate v.

辐射

To radiate means to send out energy or heat.

意思是发出能量或热量。

→ The heat from the fireplace radiated throughout the room.

壁炉发出的热量辐射到整个房间。

roam v.

漫游

To roam means to move around without a plan or purpose.

指没有计划或目标地四处走动。

→ All day the cows roamed around the field eating grass.

牛整天在田野上吃草。

solitary adj.

孤独的

If something is solitary, then it is lonely or the only one.

孤独的或者唯一的。

→ The only thing in the room was a solitary chair.

房间里唯一的东西是一把孤零零的椅子。

spectrum n.

光谱

The spectrum is the full range of color ranging from red to violet.

从红到紫的各种颜色。

→ You can see the entire spectrum in a rainbow.

你可以在彩虹中看到整个光谱。

sphere n.

球体

A sphere is a three-dimensional round shape, like a ball.

立体的圆形物,比如球。

→ The balloons were inflated into a variety of colorful spheres.

气球充气后变成各种颜色。

status n.

地位

Status is the position of something or someone in relation to others.

指某物或某个人相对于他人的地位。

→ She had achieved the status of being the smartest girl in the class.

她已成为班上最聪明的女孩。

How Comet Got His Tail

彗星尾巴是怎么来的

A solitary rock roamed through the cold gloom of outer space. It slowly drifted through the debris of broken asteroids with a feeling of sadness. In the vast and beautiful galaxy, it was only a tiny rock. It felt like an insignificant atom.

一块孤独的岩石在寒冷幽暗的外太空中漫游。它带着一种悲伤的心情,慢慢地漂过破碎的小行星残骸。在浩瀚而美丽的星系中,它只是一块小小的岩石。它就像一个微不足道的原子。

In its journeys it encountered many amazing objects. It flew by beautiful crescent moons that were covered with craters and moon dust.

在旅途中,它遇到了许多令人惊奇的东西。它飞过美丽的新月,新月上布满了陨石坑和月尘。

Why can't I be as beautiful as them? it thought.

“为什么我不能像他们一样漂亮呢?”它想。

The rock passed a gigantic planet. The sphere had a circumference hundreds of times larger than the breadth of the small rock.

岩石经过一颗巨大的行星。这个球体的体积是它的数百倍。

Why can't I be as large as that? it wondered.

“为什么我不能有那么大?”它想。

The rock was Riled with despair. It was surrounded by beauty and greatness, yet it was just a small and ugly fragment of rock.

岩石绝望地飘荡着。它周边都是美丽而伟大的东西,但它只是一块又小又丑的岩石碎片。

One day, it approached the area of an astronomical star.

有一天,它接近了一颗天文恒星的区域。

What's wrong? the star asked.

“怎么了?”星星问道。

Oh, I wish I had a higher status in the galaxy. All the other objects are so beautiful and large, the rock replied. "But I'm just an ugly rock."

“哦,我希望我在银河系有更高的地位。所有其他的东西都是那么美丽和巨大。”岩石回答说。“但我只是一块丑陋的石头。”

The star considered the problem. At last it said, "You don't have to worry anymore. I think I can help." The star radiated its light brighter and hotter than it had ever done before. "Come a little closer," the star said to the rock.

星星考虑了一下,最后说道:“你不用再担心了。我想我能帮上忙。”这颗恒星发出的光比以往任何时候都更亮、更热。“再靠近一点。”星星对岩石说。

The rock drifted closer to the star. Suddenly, the ice that was embedded in the rock's tiny cracks melted and became steam. Then the steam extended behind the comet to form a brilliant tail. The tail shined with all the colors of the spectrum.

岩石离恒星越来越近。突然间,嵌在岩石细小裂缝中的冰融化成了蒸汽。然后蒸汽延伸到彗星后面,形成了一条明亮的尾巴。尾巴闪烁着光谱中所有的颜色。

The little rock had become a beautiful comet. It looked so amazing. It realized that the star helped it change its appearance. "Thank you," the comet said and then flew away with its new beautiful tail following behind it like a galactic cape.

小岩石变成了一颗美丽的彗星,看起来很棒。它意识到星星帮助它改变了外表。“谢谢你。”彗星说完就飞走了,它那美丽的新尾巴像银河的斗篷一样跟在后面。

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