英语单词

分类词汇单词学习背单词法词汇辨析词汇搭配构词知识综合词汇词汇趣谈基础单词

听故事学4000英语词汇144:足智多谋的地主

kira86 于2020-02-27发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇5 保罗·纳森

Unit 24 Word List

第24单元 单词表

bankrupt adj.

破产的

If someone is bankrupt, then they are unable to pay their debts.

至无法偿还债务的。

→ The store had few customers and soon went bankrupt.

这家商店顾客很少,很快就倒闭了。

conform v.

使遵守

To conform to rules or laws is to obey them.

指遵守法律法规。

→ The new student had to conform to the school's dress code.

新来的学生必须遵守学校的着装规定。

employ v.

雇用

To employ someone means to give work to them.

指给与工作。

→ The bookstore employed two full-time clerks.

这家书店雇了两名全职店员。

expel v.

驱逐

To expel someone means to force them to leave a place.

强迫离开一个地方。

→ Since he would not follow the rules, the principal had to expel the student.

由于他不遵守校规,校长不得不开除这个学生。

extension n.

延长

An extension is a part added to something to give it more time or space.

添加到某物上的一个部分,以给它更多的时间或空间。

→ My parents decided to add an extension to our house for the new baby.

我父母决定为我们的新婴儿扩建房子。

forthcoming adj.

即将来临的

If something is forthcoming, then it is about to happen in the future.

即将发生的。

→ Some economists predicted that the forthcoming world economy would be severe.

一些经济学家预测,未来的世界经济形势将是严峻的。

furnish v.

布置

To furnish means to put furniture in a house or room.

指把家具放在房子或房间里

→ Most homes are furnished with tables, chairs, and beds.

大多数家庭都备有桌椅和床。

hygiene n.

卫生

Hygiene is the conditions or methods needed for health and cleanliness.

健康和清洁所需要的条件或方法。

→ People who brush their teeth at least twice a day are practicing good hygiene.

每天至少刷两次牙的人保持着良好的卫生习惯。

hygienic adj.

卫生的

If something is hygienic, then it is clean and unlikely to cause disease.

干净的,不太可能引起疾病的。

→ My sister works very hard to keep her entire home as hygienic as possible.

我妹妹努力保持家里干净卫生。

landlord n.

地主

A landlord is a man who rents property to a person.

吧房产租给别人的人。

→ The landlord collected everyone's rent money on the first day of every month.

房东在每个月的第一天收取每个人的租金。

lease v.

出租

To lease means to rent property, usually an apartment or land.

意为出租财产,通常是公寓或土地。

→ When the family first leased the apartment, the rent was very low.

这家人第一次租下这套公寓时,租金很低。

mandatory adj.

强制的

If something is mandatory, then it is required by law.

法律所要求的。

→ It's mandatory that everyone be at least sixteen to drive a car in the US.

在美国,每个人都必须至少年满16岁才能开车。

mend v.

修理

To mend something means to fix it when it is broken or damaged.

指修理损坏的东西。

→ Mother mended the rip in my pants with a piece of cloth.

妈妈用一块布修补了我裤子上的破洞。

mortgage n.

抵押

A mortgage is a loan for property, especially homes and businesses.

一种对财产的贷款,特别是对房屋和企业的贷款。

→ When they bought their new home, the married couple had to sign a mortgage.

这对已婚夫妇不得不按揭买新房子。

personnel n.

全体人员

Personnel are employees in a business.

企业的雇员。

→ When business increased, we had to hire more personnel.

生意兴隆时,我们不得不雇用更多的人员。

plumbing n.

管道系统

Plumbing is the system of pipes used in a home to supply water.

家庭中用来供水的管道系统。

→ When the plumbing stopped working, no one was allowed to use the toilets.

水管系统坏掉之后,厕所就禁止使用了。

tenant n.

承租人

A tenant is a person who rents property from a landlord.

从房东手中租房子的人。

→ The new tenants moved into the house across the street.

新房客搬进了街对面的房子。

trendy adj.

时髦的

If something is trendy, then it is very popular and new.

非常流行和新颖的。

→ Carlo bought a trendy new car.

卡罗买了一辆时髦的新车

utility n.

公共设施

A utility is a business that supplies services such as water or electricity.

提供水或电等服务的设施。

→ If you don't pay the utilities, you may have your electricity turned off.

如果你不付电费,可能会被断电。

whereby conj.

凭借

Whereby means by which or through which.

指通过某种方式。

→ The mayor had a new bridge built whereby the citizens could cross the river.

市长建了一座新桥,让市民们可以过河。

The Resourceful Landlord

足智多谋的地主

A kind landlord was afraid that he would lose his apartment building. He needed to make some mandatory repairs to the old building, or his tenants would have to leave by the end of the month. Without tenants to lease the rooms, the landlord would be unable to pay his mortgage. He'd be bankrupt, and the bank would take his building.

一位好心的房东担心他会失去他的公寓大楼。他需要对那栋旧建筑进行一些强制性的修缮,否则他的房客们将不得不在月底前搬走。如果没有房客来租这些房间,房东将无法支付他的抵押贷款。他会破产,银行会拿走他的房子。

But he didn't have the money whereby he could employ the personnel needed to make the repairs. It would seem like he did not want to conform to the city's codes before the forthcoming inspection. He had requested an extension, but it was denied by the city.

但是,他没有足够的钱来雇用修理人员。在检查之前不修好意味着他不想遵守城市的规章制度。他曾要求延期,但被市政府拒绝了。

He held a meeting with his tenants and explained the unfortunate situation. "If the building does not meet the appropriate standards for safety and hygiene," he said, "the city will expel everyone."

他和房客们开了个会,解释了这个不幸的情况。“如果这栋建筑不符合适当的安全和卫生标准,”他说,“市政府将驱逐所有人。”

The tenants were all sad for the kind old man.

房客们都为这位好心的老人感到难过。

Maybe we can help, the hairdresser who lived on the first floor stated. The other tenants agreed.

“也许我们能帮上忙,”住在一楼的理发师说。其他房客也同意了。

One tenant had worked for the city's utilities. He knew a lot about plumbing, so that's how he helped. Another tenant was a carpenter; he mended the holes in the floor and walls. Others cleaned the building from top to bottom so that it was more hygienic. They even furnished some of the apartments with new beds, dressers, and chairs. When they were done, all of the people dispersed, and the landlord went home to rest.

一位租户曾在该市的公用事业部门工作。他对管道系统很了解,所以他就帮了忙。另一个房客是个木匠;他修补了地板和墙壁上的洞。其他人把大楼从上到下打扫干净,这样更符合卫生要求。他们甚至为一些公寓添置了新床、梳妆台和椅子。吃完饭,所有的人都散了,地主也回家休息去了。

When the deadline of the inspection arrived, the apartment building was hygienic and safe. The landlord couldn't believe it. His old building now looked like one of the trendiest buildings in town. The building passed its inspection, and the landlord and the tenants had a big party.

检查到来时,公寓大楼变得卫生又安全。房东简直不敢相信。他的旧建筑现在看起来是城里最时髦的建筑之一。大楼通过了检查,房东和房客举行了一个盛大的聚会。

Thank you all so much, the landlord said during the party. "I could never have done it by myself. But by working together, we now all have a beautiful place to live."

“非常感谢大家,”房东在晚会上说。“我一个人永远做不到。但通过共同努力,我们现在都有了一个美丽的地方居住。”

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

基础单词排行