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听故事学4000英语词汇157: 希腊魔法书

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 7 Word List

第7单元 单词表

altar n.

祭坛

An altar is a table used in churches.

教堂里使用的桌子。

→ The altar had many lit candles on it.

祭坛上点着许多蜡烛。

arthritis n.

关节炎

Arthritis is an illness causing pain and swelling in a person's joints.

一种引起关节疼痛和肿胀的疾病。

→ Agatha couldn't play the piano anymore because of her arthritis.

阿加莎因为关节炎不能再弹钢琴了。

botany n.

植物学

Botany is the study of plants.

对植物的研究。

→ Gardens are the best places for botany.

花园是植物学研究的最佳场所。

credible adj.

可靠的

If something or someone is credible, they can be believed or trusted.

指可以相信或信任的。

→ Dick gave a credible reason for being late and didn't get in any trouble.

迪克给了一个可信的迟到的理由,没有惹上什么麻烦。

deceased adj.

已故的

If someone is deceased, they are dead.

指过世的。

→ We visited the graves of our deceased grandparents.

我们参观了已故祖父母的坟墓。

deception n.

欺骗

Deception is the act of lying or tricking someone.

说谎或欺骗某人的行为。

→ The magic looked very real, but it was only deception.

魔术看起来很真实,但那只是骗人的。

decipher

破译

To decipher writing is to figure out what it says.

指解开文字中的含义。

→ My teacher complained that she couldn't decipher my essay.

我的老师抱怨说她看不懂我的文章。

dung n.

Dung is solid waste material produced by animals.

动物产生的固体废物

→ There was cow dung all over the field.

田里到处都是牛粪。

dusk n.

黄昏

Dusk is the time in the evening when it begins to get dark.

晚上开始变黑的时候。

→ After dusk, Hannah would catch fireflies in the park.

黄昏过后,汉娜在公园里捉萤火虫。

gratify v.

使满足

To gratify someone means to please them.

意思是取悦某人。

→ Bonnie was gratified after receiving her gift from her parents.

邦妮收到父母的礼物后感到很高兴。

hone v.

训练

To hone something is to improve it and make it very good.

指改进,使之变得非常好

→ Lisa honed her chess skills by hours and hours of practice.

丽莎通过一小时又一小时的练习提高了她的棋艺。

mash v.

捣碎

To mash something is to crush it so that it is soft.

把某事压碎,使之变软。

→ We mashed the hard potatoes and served them for dinner.

我们把硬土豆捣碎,端上餐桌。

ornate adj.

华丽的

If something is ornate, it is decorated with a lot of fancy things.

用很多花哨的东西装饰的。

→ Kim's prom dress was very expensive since it was so ornate.

金的舞会礼服很贵,因为太华丽了。

pneumonia n.

肺炎

Pneumonia is a dangerous illness causing the lungs to fill with liquid.

一种使肺部充满液体的危险疾病。

→ Elaine got pneumonia after playing outside in the rain without a coat.

伊莱恩没穿外套在雨中玩耍,结果得了肺炎。

psychic adj.

精神的

When someone is psychic, they know what will happen or what people think.

能预知未来或人们的想法。

→ I think my grandmother has psychic abilities because she can predict anything.

我认为我祖母有通灵的能力,因为她什么都能预测。

psychotic adj.

精神病的

If someone is psychotic, they have a very serious mental illness.

有非常严重的精神疾病。

→ The psychotic patient believed he saw things that weren't real.

那个精神病患者相信他看到了不真实的东西。

scope n.

范围

The scope of something is how many people or things it relates to.

指与多少人或事有关。

→ Modern history has a wide scope.

现代史的范围很广。

sinister adj.

阴险的

If something or someone is sinister, they are evil.

指邪恶的。

→ Bad guys in most movies have sinister laughs.

大多数电影里的坏人都有邪恶的笑声。

strife n.

冲突

Strife is disagreement or fighting between people or groups.

人与人或团体之间的分歧或争斗。

→ There was a lot of strife between Jim and Lisa about what TV show to watch.

吉姆和莉莎为了看什么电视节目吵得不可开交。

therapeutic adj.

治疗的

If something is therapeutic, it helps to cure a disease or makes you healthier.

有助于治愈疾病或使人更健康的。

→ After a stressful day of working, Phoebe would take a therapeutic bath.

紧张的一天工作之后,菲比会洗个舒服的澡。

Greek Magical Papyri

希腊魔法书

The Greek Magical Papyri is a collection of writing about magic. After it was found in the Egyptian desert, it took experts years to decipher it. The text was written in at least three different ancient languages. After many years, experts realized it contained a number of spells that varied greatly in scope.

《希腊魔法书》是一本关于魔法的著作集。它在埃及沙漠被发现后,专家们花了数年时间才破译它。这本书是用至少三种不同的古代语言写成的。多年后,专家们意识到,它包含了许多在范围上有很大差异的咒语。

The most common types of magic in the collection dealt with healing illnesses like pneumonia. Some spells also gave advice for treating people with mental illnesses, such as those who became psychotic. Some spells asked for unusual things, like crocodile dung. But botany was an important part of the magic. Many healing spells gave instructions on how to use herbs and plants that were believed to be therapeutic. For example, in order to cure arthritis, the book says that the magician should build an ornate altar. Then he should mash different types of herbs and place them on top of it. At dusk, he is supposed to say a spell, so the gods would be gratified.

最常见的魔术是治疗肺炎等疾病。有些咒语还提供治疗精神疾病的建议,比如那些成为精神病的人。有些咒语会要求一些不寻常的东西,比如鳄鱼粪。但植物学是魔术的重要组成部分。许多治疗法术会告诉你如何使用草药和植物。例如,为了治疗关节炎,书上说魔术师应该建造一个华丽的祭坛。然后他应该捣碎不同类型的草药,把它们放在上面。黄昏时,他应该念一个咒语,这样众神就会感到满足。

Other parts of the collection describe how to hone one's psychic abilities and how to give credible descriptions of the future. Often, the book advised people how to use different objects to tell the future, including tea leaves. Also, one part of the book tells what different dreams might mean. It gives advice for using dreams to tell the future.

该系列的其他部分描述了如何磨练一个人的心理能力,以及如何对未来进行可信的描述。这本书经常建议人们如何用不同的物品来预测未来,包括茶叶。此外,书中的一部分还讲述了不同的梦可能意味着什么。书中给出了用梦来预测未来的建议。

A small part of the book, however, is more sinister than the rest. It is meant to cause strife and deception. For example, one tells how to give someone warts, while another will make all of the victim's farm animals die. However, if someone's farm animals died as a result of a curse, he could ask a magician to perform magic that makes the deceased come back to life.

然而,书中有一小部分比其余部分更为险恶。它的目的是引起冲突和欺骗。例如,某人告知如何给人疣子,而另一个咒语将使所有的受害者的农场动物死亡。然而,如果某人的农场动物死于诅咒,他可以请一个魔术师使死者复活。

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