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听故事学4000英语词汇159: 危险的叮咬

kira86 于2020-04-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 9 Word List

第9单元 单词表

artery n.

动脉

An artery is a tube that takes blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

把血液从心脏输送到身体其他部位的管道。

→ Eating healthily keeps your arteries clean, so blood can flow with ease.

健康饮食能保持动脉畅通,让血液畅通无阻。

deterioration n.

恶化

Deterioration is the act of becoming worse.

指变得更糟。

→ The lack of care led to the deterioration of the house.

这座房子因为缺乏修缮而损坏。

elusive adj.

难懂的

If something or someone is elusive, they are hard to find.

指难以找到的。

→ The elusive fish only came out at night.

这种难以捉摸的鱼只在晚上才出来。

forage v.

觅食

To forage means to look around for food.

指寻找食物。

→ Many animals hide food in the fall since little can be foraged in winter.

许多动物在秋天藏食物,因为到了冬天几乎就找不到食物了。

impede v.

阻碍

To impede something means to keep it from moving or going forward.

意思是阻止某事前进。

→ The barrier impeded our ability to get closer to the building.

障碍物阻碍了我们接近那座建筑物。

induce v.

诱导

To induce something means to make it happen.

意为使某事发生

→ Running without good shoes may induce leg pain.

不穿好鞋跑步可能引起腿痛。

inseparable adj.

不可分的

If two things are inseparable, they can't be separated.

不能被分开的两者。

→ Denise and Diana have been inseparable since they first met.

丹尼斯和戴安娜自从第一次见面就形影不离。

invalid adj.

无效的

If something is invalid, it is not correct.

指不正确的。

→ The way to winning debates is to avoid invalid arguments.

赢得辩论的方法是避免无效的论点。

magnify v.

放大

To magnify something means to make it look bigger than it really is.

意思是让某物看起来比实际大。

→ Astronomers use telescopes to magnify far-away stars.

天文学家使用望远镜来放大遥远的恒星。

mainstream n.

主流

The mainstream is a group of ideas that are considered normal and accepted.

一组被认为是正常和被接受的思想。

→ Before punk rock music became part of the mainstream, only a few people liked it.

在朋克摇滚成为主流之前,只有少数人喜欢它。

microbe n.

细菌

A microbe is a very small living thing that often makes people sick.

一种非常小的生物,经常使人生病。

→ The first step in curing a disease is finding the microbe that causes the disease.

治疗疾病的第一步是找到致病的微生物。

negligible adj.

微不足道的

If something is negligible, it is extremely small and not important.

非常小的,不重要的。

→ The amount she owed was negligible. It was less than ten cents.

她所欠的钱微不足道,只有不到一毛钱。

paralysis n.

麻痹

Paralysis is the loss of the ability to move all or part of your body.

失去移动身体全部或部分的能力。

→ His paralysis meant that he had to use a wheelchair to get around.

瘫痪意味着他不得不坐轮椅四处走动。

pest n.

害虫

A pest is an animal or insect that hurts plants or food.

一种伤害植物或食物的动物或昆虫。

→ Many farmers put up scarecrows to keep pests off of their corn.

许多农民在玉米上放置稻草人,以防止害虫。

prevail v.

盛行

To prevail means to be accepted or very common.

意味着被接受或非常普遍。

→ Unfortunately, injustice still prevails in the country's court system.

不幸的是,不公正仍然在该国的法院系统中普遍存在。

respiration n.

呼吸

Respiration is the act of breathing.

呼吸的动作。

→ Artificial respiration is the best thing to do if someone stops breathing.

人工呼吸对那些呼吸停止的人最有效。

rupture v.

破裂

To rupture means to tear or burst open.

撕裂或爆裂。

→ Sarah put too much water into the balloon, and it ruptured.

萨拉往气球里放了太多的水,结果气球破裂了。

savage adj.

野蛮的

If something or someone is savage, they are very violent or cruel.

非常暴力或残忍的。

→ Wild animals are very savage when defending their babies.

野生动物在保护它们的孩子时很野蛮。

stun y.

使震惊

To stun someone means to make them unable to speak due to surprise or shock.

指由于惊讶或震惊而无法说话。

→ Tim fell off the swing and was too stunned to cry.

蒂姆从秋千上摔了下来,吓得哭不出来。

susceptible adj.

易受影响的

If one is susceptible to something like disease, they are easily harmed by it.

指容易受到诸如疾病之类的事物影响的。

→ Not eating enough vegetables makes you more susceptible to getting sick.

蔬菜摄入不足会导致更容易生病。

Dangerous Bites

危险的叮咬

There are many animals with dangerous bites in the world, but which one is the worst? Some would say that the elusive short-tailed mamushi has the worst bite. The snake only goes into homes to chase pests such as mice. Otherwise, it stays in the fields, where it's dangerous to people who forage for food there. If someone stuns it by accidentally stepping on it, it bites to protect itself. At first, the effects of the bite may seem negligible because it doesn't cause a lot of bleeding. However, after a few moments, the venom induces paralysis in the area where the individual was bitten. Furthermore, the venom can also impede respiration. If the person doesn't go to the doctor, they are susceptible to kidney deterioration.

世界上很多动物的叮咬都是危险的,但哪种最严重呢?有些人会说,难以捉摸的短尾日本蝮蛇的咬伤最为严重。蛇只会到家里去抓老鼠之类的害虫。否则,它会呆在田野里,对在那里觅食的人来说很危险。如果有人不小心踩到它而惊扰到了它,它会咬人以保护自己。起初,咬伤的影响似乎可以忽略不计,因为它不会引起大量出血。然而,几分钟后,毒液会使被咬人的部位麻痹。此外,毒液还会阻碍呼吸。如果伤者不去看医生,他们的肾脏很容易恶化。

Others would argue that tigers have the worst bite. Mother tigers are inseparable from their babies and seem to be the gentlest creatures when they are around their young. However, if the babies are threatened, the mother tiger's savage nature prevails. With strong jaws and the ability to move quickly, the tiger can kill someone with one bite. That's because it always tries to bite an important artery when it attacks. If the artery is ruptured, the victim will bleed to death.

其他人则认为老虎的撕咬最危险。老虎妈妈和它们的幼崽形影不离,在幼崽身边时,它们似乎是最温顺的动物。然而,如果幼崽受到威胁,虎妈妈的野蛮本性就会占上风。老虎有强壮的下颚和快速移动的能力,可以一口咬死一个人。那是因为它攻击时总是试图咬重要的动脉。如果动脉破裂,受害者会流血而死。

In the mainstream, animal bites are seen as the most dangerous. But some scientists think this idea is invalid. In fact, the most dangerous bite might be the human bite. When scientists magnified the contents in human saliva, they found about three hundred different microbes in it. A human bite can be dangerous if the bacteria enters the body through a cut, which can make people very sick. Furthermore, most people don't realize how serious a human bite can be. so they don't go to the doctor right away. This gives the wound a chance to get infected and cause more problems.

大多数人认为动物咬伤是最危险的。但是一些科学家认为这个想法是错误的。事实上,最危险的咬伤可能是人的咬伤。当科学家放大人类唾液的含量时,他们发现其中大约有300种不同的微生物。如果细菌通过伤口进入人体,人的叮咬可能是危险的,这会让人非常难受。此外,大多数人没有意识到人的咬伤有多么严重。所以他们不会马上去看医生。这给了伤口感染的机会,并造成更多的问题。

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