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听故事学4000英语词汇160: 雪崩,沉痛的一课

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 10 Word List

第10单元 单词表

accumulate v.

累积

To accumulate something is to collect a lot of it over time.

随着时间的推移收集很多东西。

→ The mail accumulated in their mailbox while they were on vacation.

他们度假时,邮箱里的邮件越来越多。

aerial adj.

空中的

When something is aerial, it relates to being in the air or flying.

与在空中或飞行有关。

→ The aerial photographer took pictures from the air balloon.

空中摄影师从气球上拍照。

apparatus n.

装置

An apparatus is a device used for a particular purpose.

用于特定目的的装置。

→ The campers had an apparatus that showed them their exact location.

露营者有一个能确切定位的仪器。

avalanche n.

雪崩

An avalanche is a large amount of snow, ice, and rock falling off a mountain.

指大量的雪、冰和岩石从山上坠落。

→ The avalanche destroyed the mountain village.

雪崩摧毁了那个山村。

consistency n.

一致性

Consistency is the state of always behaving in the same way.

指始终以相同的方式行事的状态。

→ Her consistency in archery meant that our team had a chance to win.

她射箭技术的稳定性意味着我们队有机会获胜。

convection n.

对流

Convection is the flow of hot air through gas or liquid.

热空气通过气体或液体的流动

→ The weather changed because of convection in the atmosphere.

由于大气中的对流,天气发生了变化。

discharge v.

准许(某人)离开

To discharge someone is to allow them to leave from a place, usually a hospital.

允许某人离开一个地方,通常是医院。

→ I was discharged from the hospital after three days.

三天后我获准出院了。

intact adj.

完整的

When something is intact, it is complete and not damaged.

完整的,没有损坏的。

→ Despite being over ten years old, my father's model ship is still intact.

尽管我父亲的模型船已经有十多年的历史了,但它仍然完好无损。

mortal adj.

凡人的

When a person is mortal, they cannot live forever.

指不可能永远活着的。

→ All people are mortal.

人皆有一死。

omen n.

预兆

An omen is a sign of what will happen in the future.

未来将要发生的事情的征兆。

→ He thought that seeing a black cat in the street was an omen of bad luck.

他认为在街上看到一只黑猫是坏运气的预兆。

overcast adj.

阴天的

When the sky is overcast, it is full of clouds and is not sunny.

乌云密布,没有阳光。

→ The sky was overcast in the morning, but by noon it was bright again.

早晨天是阴的,但到了中午天又亮了。

poignant adj.

尖锐的

When something is poignant, it causes a very strong feeling of sadness.

会引起一种非常强烈的悲伤感的。

→ The girls cried at the end of the poignant movie.

这部辛酸的电影结束时,姑娘们哭了。

ranger n.

游骑兵

A ranger is a person who protects the forest or parks.

保护森林或公园的人。

→ Peter wanted to be a ranger because he liked spending time outside.

彼得想成为一名游侠,因为他喜欢花时间在外面。

rubble n.

碎石

Rubble is piles of broken stone and wood created after a building is destroyed.

建筑物被摧毁后产生的碎石和木头。

→ There was rubble all over the city after the earthquake.

地震后满城都是碎石。

seclude v.

使隔离

To seclude someone means to keep them away from other people.

意味着让远离其他人。

→ She was secluded on an island for over a year.

她在岛上与世隔绝了一年多。

sideways adv.

向侧面地

If something moves sideways, then it moves to or from the side.

向侧面移动或从侧面移动。

→ Jim turned sideways in order to slow down and stop his snowboard.

吉姆为了使速度慢下来并使他的滑雪板停下来而侧过身去。

sob v.

啜泣

To sob is to cry loudly.

大声哭。

→ I sobbed when my youngest daughter got married.

我最小的女儿结婚时我哭了。

sober adj.

冷静的

When something or someone is sober, they are serious and calm.

严肃和冷静的。

→ After the funeral, everybody felt very sober.

葬礼之后,每个人都觉得非常清醒。

speck n.

灰尘

A speck is a very small mark or amount.

非常小的标记或数量。

→ A speck of blood appeared where the mosquito bit him.

蚊子咬他的地方出现了一点血。

upbringing n.

教养

An upbringing is the way that someone is taught to behave by their parents.

父母教育一个人的行为方式。

→ He had a strict upbringing and was never allowed to watch television.

他受过严格的教育,从来不许看电视。

The Avalanche

雪崩

Randy was a forest ranger. Because of his job, he was secluded in a cabin in the wilderness.

兰迪是一名护林员。因为工作的缘故,他被隔绝在旷野的小屋里。

One day, the radio reported, "Convection in the atmosphere is causing a lot of clouds to form. A serious storm ..." Suddenly, the radio went silent. The signal was lost.

有一天,电台报道说,“大气中的对流正在形成大量的云。一场严重的风暴……”突然,收音机停了。接收不到信号了。

He went outside and looked at the overcast sky. Anybody else would have taken the dark sky as an omen of a very bad storm, but not Randy. His upbringing had taught him consistency. He had done this job for years, and nothing could stop him. Besides, he thought nothing could hurt him.

他走到外面,望着阴云密布的天空。其他任何人都会把黑暗的天空看作是一场非常坏的风暴的预兆,但兰迪不会。他的成长环境教会了他坚持不懈。他做这项工作多年了,没有什么能阻止他。此外,他认为什么也伤害不了他。

Today, he had a very important task to do. The snow was starting to pile up high on the mountain. If too much accumulated, it could cause an avalanche. But Randy had an apparatus to get rid of the snow. It used dynamite to shake the snow and make the top layer of snow come down.

今天,他有一个非常重要的任务要做。雪开始堆积在高山上。如果积累太多,可能会导致雪崩。但是兰迪有一个清除积雪的装置。它用炸药来震动雪,使最上面的一层雪掉落下来。

As the snow started falling, he thought about returning to the office until the storm stopped, but he decided not to. Suddenly, he heard a loud noise behind him. It was an avalanche! He started to run, but within seconds, he was knocked sideways and buried by the snow and rubble from an old cabin that had been destroyed. An aerial rescue team came quickly. Randy was just a speck amongst the great pile of snow, but the team found him thanks to his brightly colored jacket. They quickly took him to a hospital.

当雪开始下的时候,他想要回到办公室直到暴风雨停止,但是他决定不回去。突然,他听到身后有很大的响声。那是雪崩!他开始逃跑,但几秒钟后,他就被撞到一边,被一间被摧毁的旧木屋的雪和瓦砾掩埋了。一支空中救援队很快赶来了。兰迪只是这一大堆雪中的一个小点,但由于他色彩鲜艳的夹克,队员们找到了他。他们很快带他去了医院。

After a few hours, Randy woke up in the hospital. He looked at the sober faces of the doctors and saw his wife sobbing.

几个小时后,兰迪在医院醒来。他看着医生们严肃的脸,看到他的妻子在哭泣。

What's wrong? he asked. He didn't remember what had happened.

“怎么了?”他问。他不记得发生了什么事。

You were almost killed! his wife said.

“你差点就死了!”他的妻子说。

You broke several ribs. But the rest of you is still reasonably intact. You are really lucky to be alive, the doctor said.

“你摔断了几根肋骨。但你的身体还完好无损。你能活下来真是幸运,”医生说。

After five days, Randy was discharged from the hospital. The experience had taught him a poignant lesson: he was a mortal, and nature was much more powerful than him.

五天之后,兰迪出院了。这次经历给他上了沉痛的一课:他是个凡人,而大自然比他强大得多。

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