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听故事学4000英语词汇167: 顽强的发明家

kira86 于2020-05-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 17 Word List

第17单元 单词表

accelerate v.

加速

To accelerate means to increase in speed.

指加快速度。

→ When he stepped on the gas pedal, the motorcycle accelerated.

他踩下油门踏板时,摩托车加速了。

anew adv.

重新

If you do something anew, you do it again and in a different way.

用不同的方式再做一遍。

→ Though he had failed his driving test, he decided to try it anew.

虽然他驾驶考试不及格,但他决定再试一次。

defect n.

缺点

A defect is a part of something that is wrong or missing.

错误或缺失的部分。

→ All these bottles have a defect and must be sent back to the warehouse.

所有这些瓶子都有缺陷,必须送回仓库。

dreary adj.

沉闷的

If something is dreary, then it is dull, dark, and lifeless.

暗淡的、黑暗的、没有生命的。

→ After the fire, this section of forest is rather dreary.

大火过后,这片森林显得相当沉郁。

duplicate v.

复制

To duplicate something means to copy it.

意为复制某物。

→ She duplicated her friend's movements like she was in front of a mirror.

她模仿她朋友的动作,就像对着镜子一样。

electromagnetic adj.

电磁的

If something is electromagnetic, it is related to electricity and magnetic fields.

与电和磁场有关的。

→ Different colors of light come from different levels of electromagnetic energy.

不同颜色的光来自不同水平的电磁能量。

electron n.

电子

An electron is a particle in all atoms that has a negative electric charge.

所有原子中带负电荷的粒子。

→ The number of electrons in an atom determines the substance the atoms make.

原子中电子的数量决定了原子所构成的物质。

glide v.

滑翔

To glide means to fly on extended wings with little or no effort.

意思是展开翅膀飞行,几乎不费力气。

→ When the wind is blowing, birds can glide easily through the sky.

刮风的时候,鸟儿可以很容易地在空中滑翔。

ingenious adj.

有独创性的

If someone is ingenious, then they are very smart.

非常聪明的。

→ Charles was the only person ingenious enough to repair the plane's engines.

查尔斯是唯一一个有能力修理飞机引擎的人。

innovation n.

创新

An innovation is a product or an idea that is new or very original.

指一种新的或非常新颖的产品或想法。

→ Mrs. Johnson made a great innovation to the company's business plan.

约翰逊夫人对公司的经营计划进行了重大创新。

innovative adj.

革新的

If something or someone is innovative, they can think in creative ways.

可以用创造性的方式思考的。

→ Since Peter was so innovative, he was chosen to lead the science team.

由于彼得很有创新精神,他被选为科学小组的组长。

launch v.

发射

To launch something means to make it go into motion.

意思是发动某物。

→ The boat launched from the dock and floated down the river.

船从码头启航,顺流而下。

meteorological adj.

气象的

If something is meteorological, it is concerned with the science of weather.

与天气科学有关的。

→ The thunderstorm was so large that it became a great meteorological event.

这场雷雨太大了,成了一场重大的气象事件。

meteorology n.

气象学

Meteorology is the science that studies the weather.

研究天气的科学。

→ In order to understand the weather, you have to study meteorology.

为了了解天气,你必须学习气象学。

penetrate v.

渗透

To penetrate something means to enter into it.

指进入某物之中。

→ The knife easily penetrated the surface of the orange.

刀子很容易就刺穿了橘子的表面。

propulsion n.

推进

Propulsion is the force that moves something forward.

推动物体前进的力量。

→ The propulsion lifted the rocket into the sky.

推进器把火箭升上了天空。

simulate v.

模仿

To simulate something means to copy its actions or characteristics.

意味着复制它的动作或特征。

→ The French language teacher could simulate the accent of a French citizen.

这位法语老师能模仿法国人的口音。

spur v.

激励

To spur someone means to urge them into action.

意为敦促某人采取行动。

→ The coach's speech spurred her team into playing the best game of their lives.

教练的演讲激励球队打出了他们一生中最好的比赛。

stimulate v.

刺激

To stimulate something means to cause or to increase activity in it.

引起或增加某物的活动。

→ Doctors sometimes use electric shock to stimulate a patient's heartbeat.

医生有时用电击来刺激病人的心跳。

tenacious adj.

顽强的

If someone is tenacious, then they do not easily give up.

不容易放弃的。

→ I'm sure that he'll finish that difficult sale. He is very tenacious.

我相信他能完成那笔困难的买卖。他很固执。

The Tenacious Inventor

顽强的发明家

A young student of meteorology was having a difficult time with an experiment. He was attempting to duplicate lightning in clouds. He had made a device that could simulate lightning. It worked by releasing an electromagnetic pulse into the cloud. This pulse, in turn, stimulated the electrons in the cloud's particles. Then the electrons produced lightning.

一个年轻的气象学学生在做实验时遇到了困难。他试图在云中复制闪电。他制造了一个能模拟闪电的装置,工作原理是向云中释放电磁脉冲。这个脉冲反过来又刺激了云粒子中的电子。然后电子产生了闪电。

But his meteorological experiment had a major defect. He couldn't get the device into the sky.

但他的气象实验有一个很大的缺陷,那就是他无法将设备发射到空中。

He had tied it to balloons, but they had burst. He had shot the device from a cannon, but the force of the cannon had damaged it.

他把它系在气球上,但气球破了。他是用大炮发射的,但是大炮的威力把它弄坏了。

You should give up, his friends told him. "You'll never get that thing into the air."

“你放弃吧,”他的朋友告诉他。“你永远不可能把它送上天的。”

But his friends' criticisms only spurred him to try again. The student was very innovative, and at last, he thought that he had an innovation that would work. He attached wings to the device, and on one dreary day, when clouds blocked the light of the sun, he started his experiment anew.

但朋友们的批评只会刺激他再试一次。这个学生很有创新精神,最后,他认为他的创新是可行的。他给这个装置插上了翅膀,在一个阴沉的日子里,当乌云遮住了阳光,他又开始了他的实验。

He placed the device on a rocket and launched it into the sky. The propulsion of the rocket carried the device high into the air. The rocket accelerated into the clouds and then released the device. It glided on its wings through the clouds, and when it penetrated the center of a large black cloud, it emitted the electromagnetic pulse. And just as he had predicted, lightning shot from the cloud!

他把这个装置放在火箭上,然后把它发射到空中。火箭的推进力把装置带到了高空。火箭加速飞入云层,然后释放了装置。它的翅膀滑过云层,当它穿过一个大的黑云中心时,它发出电磁脉冲。正如他所预言的,闪电从云中射出!

He called his professors, and the next day they came to watch. He successfully duplicated the experiment. His teachers were extremely impressed and called the student and his invention ingenious.

他打电话给他的教授,第二天他们都赶来看他的实验。他成功地再做了一次这个实验。他的老师们对此印象深刻,称他和他的发明很有独创性。

The student was given many awards and became a famous inventor. He had not given up. He had remained tenacious and succeeded.

这个学生获得了很多奖项,成为了一个著名的发明家。他没有放弃,坚持不懈,最终成功了。

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