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听故事学4000英语词汇173: 体验住冰屋

kira86 于2020-06-04发布
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 23 Word List

第23单元 单词表

allocate v.

分配

To allocate something means to put it aside for a certain purpose or person.

分配某物意味着为了某个目的或某人把它放在一边。

→ The government allocated $100 million to aid the disaster relief effort.

政府拨出1亿美元援助救灾工作。

appetizing adj.

开胃的

When food is appetizing, it looks and smells very good.

看起来和闻起来都很好。

→ The appetizing plate of cookies was gone in half an hour.

那盘可口的饼干半小时内就吃光了。

blizzard n.

暴风雪

A blizzard is a severe snow storm with strong winds.

一种伴有强风的严重暴风雪。

→ We did not dare to go outside during the terrible blizzard.

在大风雪中,我们不敢出门。

cavity n.

A cavity is a hole or space in something.

指物体上的洞或空间。

→ There was a small cavity in the wall of the cave where an animal lived.

洞穴的墙上有一个小洞,里面住着动物。

clockwise adv.

顺时针方向地

If something moves clockwise, it moves in a circle in the same direction as a clock.

沿着与时钟相同的方向做圆周运动。

→ Turn the screw clockwise to tighten it.

顺时针旋转螺丝拧紧。

concentric adj.

同轴的

When circles or rings are concentric, they have the same center.

有相同的中心。

→ The target was a series of concentric circles.

目标是一系列的同心圆。

courtesy n.

礼貌

Courtesy is the excellence of manners or social conduct.

良好的举止或社会行为。

→ Jenna always behaves with great courtesy when people visit her home.

当人们去珍娜家做客时,她总是彬彬有礼。

crisp adj.

脆的

When food is crisp, it is hard or has a hard surface in a way that is pleasant.

坚硬的,或者有着令人喜欢的坚硬外表。

→ My favorite snack is a bag of crisp, delicious potato chips.

我最喜欢的零食是一包又脆又好吃的薯片。

discord n.

不和

Discord is disagreement or fighting between people.

人们之间的分歧或争斗。

→ There was much discord between the experts on the talk show.

脱口秀节目上的专家们意见不一。

frigid adj.

寒冷的

When something is frigid, it is extremely cold.

非常冷的。

→ We decided not to go on the hike because the weather was too frigid.

我们决定不去远足,因为天气太冷了。

generate v.

使形成

To generate something means to cause it to develop or begin.

意指促使某事发展或开始。

→ The mayor promised to generate new jobs and programs to help the poor.

市长承诺创造新的就业机会和帮助穷人的项目。

glacial adj.

冰的

When something is glacial, it relates to large masses of ice that move slowly.

与移动缓慢的大块冰有关的。

→ Penguins thrive in the glacial regions of Antarctica.

企鹅在南极洲的冰川地带繁衍生息。

interchange n.

交换

An interchange of ideas between people is a discussion of each person's idea.

彼此之间想法的交流。

→ There was an interchange of ideas between the groups.

这些团体之间有思想的交流。

locker n.

可锁存物柜

A locker is a small cabinet with a lock where people store their possessions.

一个有锁的小柜子,人们用于储存东西。

→ I keep my school books in my locker.

我把课本放在更衣柜里。

multicultural ad:

多种文化的

When something is multicultural, it relates to many different cultures.

涉及到许多不同的文化的。

→ Everyone was welcomed to attend the multicultural celebration.

每个人都被欢迎参加多元文化的庆祝活动。

omission n.

疏忽

An omission is something that has been left out or not done.

被遗漏或没有做的事情。

→ Mike was upset because of the omission of his name during the ceremony.

迈克因为在典礼上没提他的名字而心烦意乱。

oversee v.

监督

To oversee something means to make sure that it is being done properly.

确保某事被正确地执行。

→ His job was to oversee the progress of the construction project.

他的工作是监督建设工程的进展。

pierce

刺穿

To pierce something means to make a hole in it using a sharp object.

意思是用锋利的东西在上面钻个洞。

→ The arrow pierced the target in the very center.

箭正好射中了靶心。

replicate v.

复制

To replicate something is to do it in the exact same way as someone before.

用与某人之前完全相同的方式去做。

→ I would love to replicate my father's achievements in school.

我想复制我父亲在学校的成就。

wavy adj

波动起伏的

When something is wavy, it is not straight but has a series of curves.

不是直的,而是一系列的曲线。

→ The child drew wavy lines all over the piece of paper.

这孩子在纸上画满了波浪线。

The Ice House

冰屋

Last year, Erik constructed one of the world's strangest houses in the glacial landscape of northern Sweden. He called it the Ice House: a house made entirely of ice and snow. All of the beds, chairs, tables, and walls are cold, hard sculptures of ice.

去年,埃里克在瑞典北部的冰川景观中建造了世界上最奇怪的房子之一。他把它叫做“冰屋”:一座完全由冰雪构成的房子。所有的床、椅子、桌子和墙壁都是冰冷坚硬的冰雕。

A group of architects and volunteers from all over the world traveled to the site of the Ice House and began its construction. The multicultural group journeyed through blizzards and frigid temperatures to reach the site. Once the builders arrived, there was an interchange of ideas, and tools were allocated to each worker. An expert was selected to oversee the building process to make sure there was no discord between the workers. Once a plan was generated, they got right to work. The design was very unique; the builders couldn't replicate the design from normal houses.

一群来自世界各地的建筑师和志愿者来到了冰屋的所在地,开始了冰窖的建造。这个多元文化的团队经历了暴风雪和寒冷的温度到达了现场。建筑工人一到,就有了思想的交流,工具分配给每个工人。一位专家被选中来监督建设过程,以确保工人之间完美合作。一旦制定了计划,他们就马上开始工作。设计非常独特;建筑商无法将其复制到普通房屋的设计上。

The first step was to build the walls and ceiling. The builders used a metal frame to help them build the structure. After the ice was in place, the frame was removed. The builders then created furniture and art pieces. Designs were carved into each piece. One worker carved big wavy lines, and another made tiny clockwise, concentric circles. Finally, the workers carved small cavities in the roof and inserted colored lights. When the work was finished, the beautiful house was ready for a resident to enjoy.

第一步是建造墙壁和天花板。建筑工人们用一个金属框架来帮助建造这个结构。冰就位后,框架就被移走了。然后,建造者创造了家具和艺术品。每件作品都刻上了图案。一个工人刻出大波浪线,另一个工人刻出顺时针的同心圆。最后,工人们在屋顶上凿出小洞,并插上彩灯。工程完成后,这座漂亮的房子就可以供居民享用了。

Living in the Ice House is an experience like no other. Erik stores his belongings in an ice locker and lays out a sleeping bag on his ice bed. At dinner, he dines on a delicious salad with crisp toppings. And for the main course, he enjoys appetizing fish caught from a nearby river. The fish are pierced with icicles and served on ice plates. After dinner, he gets ready for a cold night. The omission of heaters can be too much for his visitors sometimes. Luckily, there are warm rooms nearby, as a courtesy to people who get too cold.

住在冰屋是一种与众不同的体验。埃里克把他的东西放在冰柜里,在冰床上放了一个睡袋。晚餐时,他吃了一份美味的沙拉,上面有酥脆的配料。至于主菜,他喜欢吃从附近河中捕获的美味鱼。这些鱼被冰柱刺穿,装在冰盘里。晚饭后,他为寒冷的夜晚做准备。有时不给他的客人提供暖气会使他们受不了。幸运的是,附近有温暖的房间,这是感到太冷的人来说是一种福音。

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