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听故事学4000英语词汇175: 中国古代百戏艺术

kira86 于2020-06-15发布
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 6 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇6 保罗·纳森

Unit 25 Word List

第25单元 单词表

acrobat n.

杂技演员

An acrobat is a person who entertains people by doing amazing physical things.

通过做一些令人惊奇的动作来娱乐人们的人。

→ There were acrobats at the circus that did impressive and complicated jumps.

马戏团里的杂技演员表演令人印象深刻的复杂的跳跃动作。

advocacy n.

主张

Advocacy is the act of supporting or recommending something.

支持或建议某事的行为。

→ Janine's strong advocacy for the event made people want to attend.

珍妮对这次活动的大力宣传使人们想要参加。

communal adj.

公共的

If something is communal, it involves a group of people.

涉及一群人。

→ On the weekends, Theo and his son picked up trash in the communal park.

周末,西奥和他的儿子在公共公园捡垃圾。

fluid adj.

流动的

If something is fluid, it is smooth and moves gracefully.

平滑的,可以优雅地移动的。

→ Boris was a famous ballet dancer because people admired his fluid movements.

鲍里斯是一位著名的芭蕾舞演员,人们欣赏他流畅的动作。

harmonize v.

使和谐

To harmonize means to make different things go well together.

意思是让不同的事物和谐相处。

→ The sweet and sour flavors of the dish harmonized well and tasted great.

这道菜酸甜适口,味道很好。

industrious adj.

勤勉的

If someone is industrious, they work hard.

指努力工作的。

→ Dennis was very industrious, so he never had problems finding a job.

丹尼斯很勤奋,所以他找工作从来没有遇到过困难。

inventive adj.

发明的

When someone is inventive, they are good at creating new things.

擅长创造新事物。

→ The inventive student built a robot to help her with her chores.

这个有创造力的学生制造了一个机器人来帮她做家务。

judicial adj.

公正的

If something is judicial, it is related to judges or courts of law.

与法官或法庭有关的。

→ The laws changed the way the judicial system was structured.

这些法律改变了司法系统的结构。

Mandarin n.

普通话

Mandarin is one of the two main Chinese languages.

中国两大主要语言之一。

→ Although John's parents both spoke Mandarin, he could only speak English.

虽然约翰的父母都说普通话,但他只会说英语。

metropolitan adj.

大城市人

If something is metropolitan, it relates to a large city.

指的是大城市。

→ All of the metropolitan excitement of New York City made Rufus nervous.

纽约大都市的兴奋让鲁弗斯感到紧张。

mimic v.

模仿

To mimic something means to copy the way it sounds or moves.

意为模仿某事的声音或动作。

→ The hunter mimicked a duck's call and shot the two ducks that called back.

猎人模仿鸭子的叫声,射死了那两只叫回来的鸭子。

misguided adj.

被误导的

When something is misguided, it is based on bad judgment or wrong beliefs.

基于错误的判断或错误的信念的。

→ The snake bit Molly during her misguided attempt to grab it.

莫莉在误抓蛇时被蛇咬了。

rehearse v.

排练

To rehearse means to practice and prepare for a performance in front of people.

指在人们面前练习和准备演出。

→ Vick's band rehearsed all week before their first show.

维克的乐队在首场演出前排练了整整一周。

scorn v.

轻蔑

To scorn someone means to behave without respect toward them.

不尊重某人的行为。

→ The criminal was scorned by everyone in the community.

这个罪犯受到社区里每个人的蔑视。

sensory adj.

感觉的

If something is sensory, it is related to the senses.

与感官有关的。

→ Iris and Eric preferred the sensory thrill of watching movies in the theater.

爱瑞丝和爱瑞克更喜欢在电影院看电影的那种感官刺激。

staple adj.

主要的

If something is staple, it is standard or basic.

标准的或基本的。

→ Hamburgers, steaks and hotdogs are staple foods to cook on a grill.

汉堡包、牛排和热狗是烧烤的主食。

statute n.

法规

A statute is a law that is official and has been written down.

一种正式的并且成文的法律。

→ The new statute made it illegal to walk dogs in the park.

新法令规定在公园遛狗是违法的。

veteran n.

老兵

A veteran is someone who has a lot of experience doing something.

指做事很有经验的人。

→ Hank was the team veteran and had played in more games than anyone else.

汉克是球队的老将,打过的比赛比任何人都多。

villain n.

坏人

A villain is an evil person who breaks the law or hurts others.

指违反法律或伤害他人的坏人。

→ The villain escaped with half of my family's valuables.

那个坏蛋带着我家一半的贵重物品逃走了。

vine n.

A vine is a plant that has long, twisting stems and climbs upward.

一种茎长而扭曲向上攀爬的植物。

→ The branches of the trees were covered with vines.

树枝上爬满了藤蔓。

Hundred Plays

百戏

Over two thousand years ago, Chinese farmers had a problem. Even though they were very industrious, the weather became too cold outside to plant their staple food, rice. So what did they do? Since they had so much free time during the long, cold winters, the inventive farmers started performing tricks to entertain themselves. They used their farm tools and anything they could find to make their tricks more spectacular. They even twisted their bodies into crazy shapes and performed awesome jumps. Overtime, they became great acrobats, and their art form came to be known as "Hundred Plays."

两千多年前,中国农民遇到一个问题。尽管他们非常勤劳,但由于外面的天气太冷,他们无法种植主食大米。他们是怎么做的呢?由于他们在漫长而寒冷的冬天有很多空闲时间,这些富有创造力的农民们开始表演一些小把戏来自娱自乐。他们用农具和任何他们能找到的东西使他们的戏法更壮观。他们甚至把自己的身体扭曲成疯狂的形状,并表演了可怕的跳跃。随着时间的推移,他们成为了伟大的杂技演员,他们的艺术形式被称为“百戏”。

Hundred Plays involves doing many kinds of tricks. For example, in Mandarin-speaking parts of China, performers do the lion dance. They wear costumes and mimic the animal's movements. Early performers also did tricks on ropes and vines that were high above the ground.

“百戏”包含了许多不同的技巧。例如,在中国说普通话的地方,表演者表演舞狮。他们穿着戏服,模仿动物的动作。早期的表演者也会在高出地面的绳子和藤蔓上表演魔术。

Even though the acrobats' fluid movements may have looked easy, they took a lot of work.

尽管杂技演员流畅的动作看起来很容易,但他们做了大量的练习。

Learning Hundred Plays is a communal event. A veteran of the acrobatic arts usually teaches younger people in the village. They spend a lot of time rehearsing. The young performers also learn an old philosophy. The teachings help them harmonize the sensory aspects of acrobatics with mental aspects. In other words, it teaches them to use their physical and mental strength together.

学习“百戏”是一项集体活动,杂技老手通常在村里教年轻人。他们花很多时间排练。年轻的表演者也学到了一种古老的哲学。这些教导帮助他们协调杂技的感觉方面和心理方面。换句话说,它教会他们同时运用身体和精神的力量。

Since the art has its origins with poor farmers, rich people used to scorn acrobats. They thought acrobats

由于杂技起源于贫苦的农民,所以富人过去瞧不起杂技演员,他们认为杂技演员是坏人,只是想骗他们钱财。但后来,他们被误导的观点改变了。杂技演员在中国社会受到尊敬。他们被邀请在大城市和小村庄表演。他们为重要人物表演,包括司法官员。艺术倡导团体说服政府支持中国杂技。因此,现在有一项法令规定几个村庄为未来杂技交流培训中心。

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