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BBC六分钟词汇: 复合形容词的构成和用法

kira86 于2020-07-22发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词将要学习复合形容词,什么是复合形容词?复合形容词怎么用? 尽在今天的内容里。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Compound adjectives

复合形容词

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Finn...

大家好,欢迎来的6分钟单词。我是Finn……

Catherine: And I'm Catherine. In today's programme we're looking at compound adjectives, like in a 22-hour journey.

我是Catherine。我们今天来学习复合形容词,如a 22-hour journey(一段2小时的旅程)

Finn: We'll look at what compound adjectives are...

我们来看看什么是复合形容词……

Catherine: ... we'll see how to use them...

…我们也会学习它们的用法……

Finn: There'll be a punctuation tip and a quiz...

会有标点符号提示和小测验……

Catherine: And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

我们也会教给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门。

Finn: But first, let's hear from Rob. Rob's a racing driver and he's being interviewed after a race.

但首先,我们先来听听rob说了什么。Rob是一名赛车手,他在赛后接受了采访。

Catherine: And here's a question to think about while you listen: how fast was Rob's lap time?

边听边思考一个问题:rob的圈速有多快?

Finn: Let's find out.

我们一起来找出答案。

Interviewer: Rob, congratulations on your latest win. What did that last victory mean to you?

Rob,祝贺你的最新胜利。最近一次取胜对你来说意味着什么?

Rob: Honestly, I expected to win. I mean, you don't come second in a high-quality vehicle like mine.

老实说,我早就料到我会赢。我的意思是,像我这么好的车怎么会屈居人后呢。

Interviewer: That's true - it's an impressive motor - but what you did was amazing: your fastest lap time was truly incredible.

这倒是真的——你的赛车让人印象深刻——但你所做的真的令人震惊:你最快的圈速简直不可思议。

Rob: Well, you're right. You don't see a seventy-second lap every day.

你说得对。你不可能每天都能看到跑72圈。

Interviewer: Thanks for your time Rob. Well, this year the drivers are hoping to complete the four-kilometre course in an even faster time...

谢谢你,ROB。今年,车手们希望能以更快的速度完成4公里的赛程。

Finn: So, Rob the racing driver did a seventy-second lap.

所以,赛车手Rob跑了72圈

Catherine: Well done if you got that right.

如果你做对了,那很棒哦。

Finn: And that's our first example of a compound adjective. It's made with a number, like seventy, and a noun, like second. Seventy-second. We put seventy-second in front of another noun, like lap, making a compound adjective which describes a noun. A seventy-second lap.

这是有关复合形容词的第一个例子。这个复合形容词是由一个数词seventy和一个名词second构成的,即seventy-second。我们将这个形容词置于另一个名词之前用于修饰该名词,如放在lap前即构成a seventy-second lap.

Catherine: Let's hear another example, again starting with a number, but this time the noun describes length instead of time.

我们再来看另一个仍然是以数字开头的例子,但这次描述的是长度而不是时间。

Interviewer: Well, this year the drivers are hoping to complete the four-kilometre course in an even faster time.

今年,车手们希望能以更快的速度完成4公里的赛程。

Finn: So the number four, with the noun kilometre, go together to make an adjective: four-kilometre. And take note: there's no s at the end of kilometre.

所以数词four和名词kilometer一起构成了形容词four-kilometre. 注意:kilometer这个词的末尾没有s。

Catherine: That's right: there's no s because the word kilometre functions as an adjective here - and we can't make adjectives plural. The adjective four-kilometre describes the noun course. A four-kilometre course.

没错,因为kilometer这个词在此处是形容词,所以不能加S变为复数形式。Four-kilometer这个形容词描述的是名词course,即 A four-kilometer course.

Finn: Some more examples with length are...

还有更多关于长度的复合形容词例子……

Catherine: A 26-mile race; a six-foot man.

一场26英里的比赛;一个六英尺高的男人。

Finn: Now for a punctuation note. When you write a number-noun compound adjective, you need to join the two parts together with a hyphen - a little horizontal line between the two words.

现在我们来讲标点符号。写数词加名词的复合形容词时,两词中间需要用一个连字符连接——连字符是一条短小的水平线。

Catherine: That's right. So you write a seventy-second lap. A six-foot man.

没错。所以写法是a seventy-second lap. A six-foot man.

You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: And we're talking about compound adjectives. Here's Rob again. Listen out for another type of compound adjective.

我们讲解的是复合形容词。还是拿Rob作为例子。听听另一个类型的复合形容词。

Rob: Honestly, I expected to win. I mean, you don't come second in a high-quality vehicle like mine.

老实说,我之前就知道自己能赢。我的意思是说,拥有这样高性能的赛车再不赢就说不过去了。

Catherine: Did you get that? It was high-quality. A high-quality vehicle.

听出来了吗?是high-quality(高质量的)。一辆性能好的车。

Finn: So, as well as using numbers, we can also make compound adjectives with the words high or low plus a noun.

所以,除了使用数字,我们还可以用high或low加上名词来组成复合形容词。

Catherine: High plus quality equals high-quality. Like high-quality vehicle.

High加上名词quality就成为high-quality(高质量的),比如性能好的车。

Finn: Low plus cost equals low-cost. Like low-cost airline. How do you feel about low-cost airlines, Catherine?

Low加上名词cost构成low-cost(廉价的),比如廉价航空。你觉得廉价航空怎么样,Catherine?

Catherine: After my last experience, never again... Some more examples are, Finn?

上次经历一次之后,我再也不会选择它了……还有更多的例子是?Finn?

Finn: High-speed. A high-speed motorbike.

High-speed(高速的)。高速摩托车。

Catherine: And low-fat. A low-fat yoghurt. And if you're writing, remember to join the 2 parts together with a hyphen.

还有low-fat(低脂),低脂酸奶。如果你在做笔记,记得用连字符把这两个词用连字符连起来。

Finn: And now it's quiz time. Complete these sentences. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number one. In a balanced diet, it's important to eat ... a) high-quality carbohydrates or b) high-qualities carbohydrates.

现在是测验时间。完成下列句子。Catherine会公布答案,准备好了吗?第一题:在平衡的饮食中,重要的是吃……

Catherine: It's a) high-quality carbohydrates.

选a) high-quality carbohydrates高质量的碳水化合物

Finn: Well done if you got that. Number two. The flight from London to New York is ... a) a nines-hour trip or b) a nine-hour trip.

如果你做对了那很棒。第二题:伦敦飞纽约的航班……

Catherine: The answer's b) a nine-hour trip.

选b)a nine-hour trip 九小时路程。

Finn: Number three. Every morning, Catherine goes for a) a six-mile run or b) a six-miles run.

第三题:Catherine每天早晨都去跑步……

Catherine: The answer's a) a six-mile run. But I don't.

答案是a)a six-mile run(六英里长跑)。但我没跑过。

Finn: You don't really, do you?

你没跑过?真的吗?

Catherine: No.

千真万确。

Finn: In any case, well done if you got that right at home. And we're almost at the end of the show. But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary, which is, Catherine...

不管怎么样,如果都做对了那就很棒。节目就快结束了,但结束之前教给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门,那就是,Catherine…

Catherine: If you use social media, join an English learning group. When you learn a new word, try to include it in at least 3 of your posts. That will help you remember the word.

如果你在用社交媒体,加入一个英语学习小组。学了一个新单词后至少用它造三个句子,这有助于你记忆。

Finn: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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