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BBC六分钟词汇基础篇09: 单词重音

kira86 于2020-07-27发布
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本期BBC六分钟词汇将学习的是单词的重音,我们来看看来自同一个词根的单词的重音是如何变化的。
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Word stress

单词重音

Catherine: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine...

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Catherine…

Finn: And I'm Finn. Catherine, look at this photo - do you like it? I took it this morning.

我是Finn. Catherine,看看这张照片——喜欢吗?我今天早上拍的。

Catherine: Wow, Finn. That's not bad. I didn't know you were into photography.

哇,Finn,拍的不错。我不知道你还喜欢拍照。

Finn: Well, I love taking photographs.

嗯,我喜欢拍照。

Catherine: Really? Well funnily enough, the words photography and photograph are good examples of today's topic, which is word stress. We're going to look at the way word stress can change in words that come from the same root word.

真的吗?有趣的是,photography和photograph这两个单词就是我们今天的话题——单词重音——的很好的例子。我们来看看来自同一个词根的单词的重音是如何变化的。

Finn: We'll show you how to work out the stress of these words...

我们将教大家如何找出这些单词的重音…

Catherine: There'll be a quiz...

还会有个小测验…

Finn: And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

我们也会教给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门。

Catherine: But first, let's listen to John. He's a photographer, which is a person who takes photographs as a job. He's talking about his latest project.

但首先,让我们听听约翰的故事。他是一名摄影师,就是以摄影为职业的人。他正在谈论他的最新项目。

Finn: Here's a question to think about while you listen: what's John's project?

边听边思考一个问题:约翰的项目是什么?

John: The book is a collection of photographs of my father. He studied geography as a young man and went all over the world during his career. He visited some very interesting geographic locations - the Andes, the Sahara - beautiful places. The book's like a photographic record of his life - a kind of a biography in pictures.

这本书是我父亲的照片集。他年轻时学过地理,在他的职业生涯中走遍了全世界。他参观了一些非常有趣的地方——安第斯山脉、撒哈拉沙漠——都是美丽的地方。这本书就像他生活的摄影记录——一种图片传记。

Finn: So, that's John. We asked you: what was his project?

那么,这就是约翰的故事。问题来了:约翰的项目是什么?

Catherine: And the answer is: a biography.

答案是:传记。

Finn: A biography is the story of someone's life - usually a book.

传记是关于一个人一生的故事——通常是一本书。

Catherine: But, John's a photographer, so he told the story of his father's life in photographs. Let's hear a clip.

但是,约翰是个摄影师,所以他通过照片讲述了他父亲的故事。让我们来听一段录音。

He studied geography as a young man...

他年轻时学过地理…

Finn: John's dad was interested in geography: the study of the physical features of the earth. And geography is a key word in today's show because of its stress.

约翰的父亲对地理学很感兴趣:研究地球的物理特征的一门学科。因为地理这个词的重音,所以是今天节目的关键词。

Catherine: Yes. Now, geography has four syllables, ge-o-gra-phy, and the stress falls on the third syllable from the end. Geography, not geography, geography or geography. It's geography.

没错。那么,geography有四个音节,ge-o-gra-phy,重音落在第三个音节的末尾。

Finn: Words that end in the letters p-h-y - pronounced 'fee' - usually have this stress pattern. Like biography and photography. Do you like photography, Catherine?

以字母p-h-y结尾的单词通常都有这种重音。比如传记和摄影。Catherine,你喜欢摄影吗?

Catherine: To be honest, not really.

老实说,不是太喜欢。

Finn: Not really? Sorry to hear that.

不太喜欢?那真是遗憾。

Catherine: No, never mind. Anyway, these words - like geography, biography and photography - are all nouns. We can change them to adjectives, by changing the y at the end to i-c - pronounced 'ik'. And when we do this, the word stress moves to a different place in the word. Here's John again.

不,没关系。不管怎样,这些词——像地理学、传记和摄影——都是名词。我们可以把它们变成形容词,在结尾把y改成i-c -发成ik。当我们这样做的时候,重音就会移到一个不同的位置。再来听听约翰的故事。

He studied geography as a young man [...] He visited some very interesting geographic locations...

他年轻时学过地理,游览了一些非常有趣的地方……

Catherine: Did you hear the difference? When we say adjectives that end with i-c, the stress falls on the penultimate syllable, that's the syllable just before the last one. So it's geography, but geographic.

听出区别了吗?读以i-c结尾的形容词时,重音落在倒数第二个音节上,也就是最后一个音节的前面。

Finn: Geography, geographic. And we have photography, pho-to-graph-ic...

Geography, geographic. 还有photography, pho-to-graph-ic…

Catherine: And there are other words like dramatic, to do with theatre and drama; alphabetic, to do with the alphabet, and artistic, to describe things to do with art. Finn, are you artistic?

还有其他的词,如dramatic,这个词和剧院和戏剧有关; 与字母相关的alphabetic,和艺术的相关的artistic。Finn,你有艺术细胞吗?

Finn: Well, I like to think of myself as quite artistic, yes. And Catherine, what's the most interesting geographic location you've been to?

我觉得自己很有艺术细胞,真的。Catherine,你去过的最有趣的地方是哪里?

Catherine: It's a lovely place in Turkey called Ölüdeniz.

那是土耳其一个叫Oludeniz的可爱地方。

You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: And we're talking about word stress. We've looked at the stress patterns of words that end with p-h-y, like photography.

我们说的是单词重音。我们研究了以p-h-y结尾的单词的重音模式,比如photography。

Catherine: And words ending with i-c, like photographic.

还有以i-c结尾的词,比如photographic。

Finn: And now, it's time for a quiz. Choose the correct pronunciation for the words in these sentences. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number 1. I like reading books about famous people. I love a good a) biography, b) biography or c) biography?'

现在,我们来做个小测试。为下列句子中的单词选择正确的发音。Catherine会公布答案。准备好了吗?第一题:我喜欢读关于名人的书。我喜欢…..

Catherine: And it's b) biography.

但是是b)biography传记

Finn: Well done if you got that right. Number 2. 'The police arrested him when they found ... a) photographic evidence, b) photographic evidence or c) photographic evidence.'

第二题:警察发现…后,逮捕了他。

Catherine: And the answer is - c) photographic evidence.

答案是c)photographic evidence 照片证据。

Finn: And that's the end of the quiz.

测验结束。

Catherine: And that almost brings us to the end of the programme.

我们的节目也接近尾声了。

Finn: But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary: if you use an online dictionary, you can usually hear an audio recording of a word's pronunciation. Listen carefully to the word stress and try to copy it.

结束之前,教给大家今日学习最佳窍门:如果你使用线上字典,可以时常听听单词发音的录音。仔细听单词重音并模仿。

Catherine: Top tip, Finn.

真是最佳窍门,Finn。

Finn: Thank you.

谢谢。

Catherine: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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