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BBC六分钟词汇: 职业有关的后缀-er, -or, -ist, -ian

kira86 于2020-07-29发布
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本期BBC六分钟词汇节目,将学习与职业有关的后缀-er, -or, -ist, -ian。
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Job suffixes: -er, -or, -ist, -ian

职业后缀:-er, -or, -ist, -ian

Neil: Hi!

嗨!

Sophie: Hello!

哈喽!

Neil: ..and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. My name is Neil, and I'm one of the presenters today.

欢迎来到6分钟单词。我叫Neil,是今天节目其中一位主持人。

Sophie: And I'm Sophie, and I'm the other presenter. Welcome to the show!

我是Sophie,是另一名主持人。欢迎收看节目!

Neil: Did you hear that word - presenter? Today we're going to be talking about jobs, and the different kinds of English words for different jobs. Like presenter, for example.

听到presenter这个词了吗?今天我们要谈论的是工作,以及不同工作的不同英语单词。比如presenter。

Sophie: We'll look at some of the different ways that words for jobs can end, like the 'er' at the end of presenter. These are called suffixes.

我们会讲解一些表示工作的单词的词尾,比如presenter这个词的词尾er. 这些都称为后缀。

Neil: As usual, we'll be giving you a quiz to see how much you can remember...

和此前一样,我们会有小测验来检验大家记住了多少…

Sophie: And we'll also bring you a top tip to help you learn vocabulary.

还会教给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门。

Neil: But first, let's listen to Anna. She's going to tell us about the different jobs she's had in her life so far.

但我们先来听听Anna怎么说。她会告诉我们迄今为止她做过的工作。

Sophie: While you listen, think about this question: what is Anna's job now?

边听边思考一个问题:Anna现在的职业是什么?

INSERT: Anna: When I was a little girl, I always wanted to be a teacher. So I spent years training as a teacher, and then I got a job in a school... and I hated it! After a few months I quit. I worked for a while as a librarian, but I didn't really like that either. Finally I started writing for a small website. Now I work as a journalist, writing for newspapers and magazines.

当我还是个小女孩的时候,我一直想成为一名老师。所以我花了数年的时间培训成为一名教师,然后我在一所学校找到了一份工作……我讨厌它!几个月后我辞职了。我曾做过一段时间的图书管理员,但我也不是很喜欢。最后我开始为一个小网站写作。现在我是一名记者,为报纸和杂志撰稿。

Sophie: So, that was Anna, talking about all the jobs she's done. And we asked: what's Anna's job now?

这就是Anna的职业故事。问题来了:她目前从事什么职业?

Neil: Anna is a journalist now. She writes for newspapers and magazines.

她是一名记者,为报纸和杂志撰稿。

Sophie: Well done if you got that right. And another question: Did you catch what Anna's first job was?

如果你做对了那就很棒。另一个问题:听出来Anna第一份工作是什么了吗?

Neil: She was a teacher. Let's listen again...

她是一名老师。我们再听一遍…

Anna: When I was a little girl, I always wanted to be a teacher. So I spent years training as a teacher...

我还是个小女孩时,总是梦想成为一名老师,所以我接受了好几年的师范教育…

Neil: Now, a lot of English words for jobs end with the sound -er, like presenter or teacher.

很多表示职业的单词都以-er结尾,比如presenter和teacher。

Sophie: Yes, and there are two ways to spell the suffix -er in job names. Sometimes this is spelled e-r, in words like presenter or teacher. Or sometimes it's spelled o-r: for example, actor or translator.

是的,这个后缀有两种拼写方式。有时候写为e-r,如presenter和teacher. 有时写为o-r,如actor和translator.

Neil: So, a teacher teaches students, an actor acts in a film, a translator translates from one language to another, a train driver drives a train. You're an actor aren't you Sophie?

所以,老师教学生,演员演电影,翻译把一种语言变成另一种语言,火车司机驾驶货车。你是一名演员对吧,Sophie?

Sophie: Yes, I am, Neil. But because I'm female you can also say I'm an actress. So, there are lots of jobs that end with that e-r suffix. But now let's look at a different suffix. Can you remember what Anna's next job was, after she quit teaching? Let's listen and check.

是的,我是。但因为我是女性,所以可以用actress这个词称呼我。所以,以后缀e-r结尾的表示职业的单词有很多。那我们现在来看一个不一样的后缀。还记得Anna从教师辞职后的职业是什么吗?我们再听一遍找出答案。

Anna: After a few months I quit. I worked for a while as a librarian, but I didn't really like that either.

辞职几个月后,我做过一段时间的图书管理员,但我真的也不喜欢那份工作。

Neil: Next, Anna worked as a librarian - that's someone who works in a library.

辞职后Anna成为了一名图书管理员——即在图书馆工作的人。

Sophie: Another suffix which we often find at the end of a word for a job is -ian, spelled i-a-n. Sometimes it's pronounced 'shun'. For example, if you've got a problem with your eyes, you might need to go to an optician.

另一个我们经常能在表示职业的单词词尾找到的后缀是-ian,拼写为i-a-n。有时它的发音是' shun'。例如,如果你的眼睛有问题,你可能需要去找验光师(optician)。

Neil: And someone who works in politics is a politician. Ever thought of being a politician, Sophie?

在政界工作的人是政客。有没有想过成为一名政治家,索菲?

Sophie: I can't say I have, Neil. OK, now let's talk about one more suffix. Do you remember what Anna does now? She's a journalist.

我没想过,Neil. 好了,我们再来看一个后缀。还记得Anna现在的职业是什么吗?她现在是一名记者。

Neil: There are also quite a lot of words for jobs in English which end in -ist, spelled i-s-t.

语中也有很多表示工作的单词是以ist结尾的,拼写为i-s-t。

Sophie: The person who greets you in an office or a hotel is a receptionist...

在办公室或酒店接待客人的人是接待员(receptionist)。

Neil: And a person who looks after your teeth is a dentist.

帮助你照顾牙齿的人事牙医(dentist)。

You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Sophie: And we're talking about jobs suffixes.

我们正在学的是职业后缀。

Neil: Ok. Now it's quiz time! We've got three questions for you. First, if someone translates from one language to another, are they a) a translatist b) a translator or c) a translatician?

好了,该做个小测验了!有三道题。第一题,把一种语言翻译成另一种语言的人称为什么?

Sophie: And the answer is, b) a translator. Well done if you got that right. Second question: which job ends with the letters -o-r? Is it a) actor; b) teacher or c) presenter?

答案是b)翻译员(translator)。如果你做对了那你很棒。第二题:什么职业的单词以-o-r结尾?是actor,teacher还是presenter?

Neil: And the answer is actor. Teacher and presenter end with -e-r. Well done if you got both of those questions right. It's almost time for the end of the show. But before we go, there's just time for a top tip for learning vocabulary.

答案是actor. Teacher和presenter都是以-e-r结尾。如果你都做对了那你很棒。节目就快结束了。但在结束之前,还有时间教给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门。

Sophie: When you record a new word, don't just write the word and the translation - try drawing a picture in your notebook too!

记下一个单词时,别只记下单词和释义——试着在笔记本上画个图!

Neil: Yes. Drawing a picture can help you remember the word better.

是的。画个图能让你更好记忆单词。

Sophie: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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