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BBC六分钟英语词汇基础篇: 缩略形式

kira86 于2020-07-31发布
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本期BBC六分钟词汇将学习缩略形式,比如I'vejiI have, isn'tj即is not. 我们来讨论这些缩略形式的释义和发音。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Contractions

 

Finn: Hello and welcome to this episode of 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Finn...

缩略形式

Feifei: ...and I'm Feifei. Hi!

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Finn…

Finn: Today we're going to be talking about contractions, like I've meaning I have, or isn't meaning is not. We're going to talk about what these contractions mean, and how to pronounce them.

我是feifei. 嗨!

Feifei: That's right, and learning to use contractions like I've or isn't when you're speaking will make your English sound much more fluent and natural.

我们今天来学缩略形式,比如I've意思是I have, isn't意思是is not. 我们来讨论这些缩略形式的释义和发音。

Finn: And that's got to be good news. As usual, we'll have lots of examples...

是的,说话的时候,学习使用像I’ve或not这样的缩写会让你的英语听起来更加流利和自然。

Feifei: There'll be a short quiz...

这肯定是个好消息。像往常一样,我们会有很多例子……

Finn: And finally we'll give you a tip to help you with your vocabulary studies.

还会有测验……

Feifei: So, let's start with an example. Listen to Bill talking about his wife and his brother.

最后,我们会给你一个小技巧来帮助你学习词汇。

Finn: While you're listening, try to answer this question: has Bill's brother ever visited the US?

那我们就先看一个例子。听听Bill是怎么谈论他的妻子和兄弟的。

INSERT: Bill: My wife and I live in London. We've been married for about five years. I've always lived in London, but she's lived in Germany, and the US, and lots of different places. I've never been to the US, but my brother's been there many times, because his wife is from New York.

边听边试着回答以下问题:Bill的兄弟去过美国吗?

Finn: So, Feifei asked you: has Bill's brother ever visited the US?

我妻子和我住在伦敦。我们已经结婚五年了。我一直住在伦敦,但她住在德国、美国和许多不同的地方。我从未去过美国,但我哥哥去过很多次,因为他的妻子是纽约人。

Feifei: And the answer is yes, Bill's brother has been to the US many times, because his wife is American. She's from New York.

那么,问题来了:Bill的哥哥去过美国吗?

Finn: Did you get the answer right? Of course you did!

答案是肯定的,他哥哥去过很多次美国,因为他哥哥的妻子是美国纽约人。

Feifei: Ok, now here is another question. How long have Bill and his wife been married? Listen again and check...

你做对了吗?当然会做对!

My wife and I live in London. We've been married for about five years.

好了,另一个问题。Bill和他妻子结婚多久了?我们再听一遍找出答案……

Feifei: He said 'We've been married for about five years'.

我们夫妻两住在伦敦,我们结婚已经五年了。

Finn: Did you notice that he didn't say we have been, he said we've been? When we're speaking, we often shorten the word have, and just say -ve instead.

他说他们结婚已经五年了。

Feifei: So I have becomes I've, you have becomes you've, we have becomes we've and they have becomes they've.

你有没有注意到他没说 we have been,而是we've been?我们说话的时候,我们通常会缩短have这个词,而只说-ve。

Finn: We use contractions like we've a lot when we're speaking, but sometimes we write them, too - especially when we're writing something informal or unofficial, like an email or a postcard.

所以I have就变为I've, you have变为 you've, we have 变为 we've and they have 变为they've.

Feifei: Now, when you're writing contractions, remember to use an apostrophe. So, for example, we've is spelled w - e - apostrophe - v - e.

我们说话时会用到很多如we’ve这样的缩略语,但有时也出现在书面语中——尤其是当我们在写非正式或非官方书面文件时,比如写邮件或明信片。

Finn: The apostrophe shows that a letter, or more than one, is missing.

写缩略语时要记得使用撇号。例如,we've拼写为w - e –撇号 - v - e来拼写。

Feifei: That's right, so when we write we've instead of we have, we miss the letters h and a from the word 'have'. And the apostrophe shows that these letters have been skipped.

撇号表示少了一个或多个字母。

Finn: Right, ok. Here's another question about Bill. How many different places has his wife lived in? Can you remember? Here's a clip.

没错,所以当我们写' we've '的时候,我们会省掉单词'have'中的字母h和a,而不是'have'。撇号表示这些字母被省略了。

Bill: I've always lived in London, but she's lived in Germany, and the US, and lots of different places.

是的。还有一个关于Bill的问题。他的妻子在多少个不同的地方生活过?还记得吗?以下是剪辑。

Feifei: He said that she's lived in lots of different places. And he mentioned two of them: Germany, and the US.

我常住伦敦,但她在德国,美国以及其他许多地方生活过。

Finn: Did you notice another contraction there? Bill said she's lived. It's the short form of she has lived. She's lived.

他说她住过很多不同的地方。他提到了其中的两个:德国和美国。

Feifei: This is a very common one. Instead of has, lots of English speakers say -'s /z/ instead.

注意到此处另一个缩略形式了吗?Bill说的是 she's lived,是为she has lived的缩略形式。

Finn: So instead of he has we say he's, instead of she has it's she's.

这是很常见的。很多说英语的人会说- s /z/而不是has。

Feifei: Again, when you use this -'s /z/ contraction instead of has when you're writing, don't forget to use the apostrophe.

所以我们he's而不是he has ,she's而不是she has.

Finn: So, he's is spelled h - e - apostrophe - s, and she's is spelled s - h - e - apostrophe - s.

同样,当你在写作时使用- s /z/缩写而不是has时,不要忘记使用撇号。

You're listening to BBC Learning English.com

所以,he's是拼写h - e -撇号- s,而she's是拼写s - h - e -撇号- s。

Feifei: And now it's time for a quiz. Number one. When we're speaking, we don't normally say 'I have lived here for three years' - what do we say?

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: We say, 'I've lived here for three years'.

是时候做个小测验了。第一题:我们说话时,通常不会用'I have lived here for three years'这样的表达——我们会怎么说呢?

Feifei: Easy question, right?

我们会说'I've lived here for three years'.

Finn: I think so.

很简单,对吧?

Feifei: Here's another one: Which pronunciation is correct? Is it a) He's /s/ a teacher or is it b) He's /z/ a teacher?

我觉得是。

Finn: It's b) He's /z/ a teacher. And one last question. In the sentence We've been listening to 6 Minute Vocabulary, how do you spell we've?

第二题:哪个发音是正确的?是He's /s/ a teacher还是b) He's /z/ a teacher?

Feifei: It's w - e - apostrophe - v - e.

选b)He's /z/ a teacher. 最后一题:在句子‘We've been listening to 6 Minute Vocabulary’中,we've该如何发音?

Finn: That's it. Before we go, here's a top tip to help you learn vocabulary.

发作w - e – 撇号 - v - e.

Feifei: Vocabulary learning isn't a silent activity! You'll learn words more effectively if you say them out loud. It doesn't matter if nobody's listening - say the words out loud anyway!

对了。结束之前,教给大家一个学单词的诀窍。

Finn: Absolutely. Very good. There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary. Bye!

词汇学习不是无声的!如果你大声念出来,学习单词的效率会更高。即使没有人在听也没关系——无论如何都要大声说出来!

Feifei: Bye!

说得对。很好。更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。再见!

再见!

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