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BBC六分钟英语词汇基础篇: 形容词序列怎么排

kira86 于2020-08-05发布
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本期BBC六分钟词汇将学习的是形容词序,即用多个形容词来修饰事物时,形容词在句中出现的先后顺序。还会教给大家一个小而有意义的词汇学习技巧。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Adjective order

形容词序

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary with me Finn...

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词,我是Finn……

Catherine: And me Catherine. And today's show is all about adjective order.

我是Catherine,今天我们要讲的是形容词序。

Finn: Adjectives - yes, those useful words we use to describe things. We'll look at what adjective order is - and how to use it.

形容词——没错,就是那些用于修饰事物的有用词汇。我们来看看什么是形容词序——以及他的用法。

Catherine: There'll be a nice, easy quiz...

稍后会有一个简单测验……

Finn: And we'll leave you with a small, but meaningful tip for learning vocabulary.

我们会教给大家一个小而有意义的词汇学习技巧。

Catherine: So: let's start off with Nikki and Joe who are talking in a furniture shop.

所以:让我们从Nikki和Joe开始学习,他们在一家家具店里聊天。

Finn: Here's a question to think about while you listen: what did Nikki's grandparents have?

边听边思考以下问题:Nikki的祖父母有什么?

Catherine: What did Nikki's grandparents have? Let's find out.

答案是什么呢?我们一起找出来吧。

Nikki: Joe! Come and sit on this sofa!

Joe!过来坐在这张沙发上!

Joe: It's really uncomfortable.

太不舒服了。

Nikki: I know... but I've always wanted a big, old, leather sofa. My grandparents had one when I was little.

我知道……但我一直都想要一张又大又旧的皮沙发。我小时候爷爷奶奶家就有一张。

Joe: That's not a good reason to buy a horrible sofa! The one with the stripy blue cotton cushions looks a lot nicer.

这不是买破沙发的理由!那个有蓝色条纹棉靠垫的看起来好多了。

Nikki: Maybe... Ooh what's this... Look, a beautiful green and blue Turkish kilim!

也许……哦这是什么……看,这是一个漂亮的蓝绿相间的土耳其基里姆地毯!

Joe: Kilim? Oh, a little carpet. Sofas first, Nikki.

基里姆地毯?哦,一块小地毯而已。先买沙发,Nikki。

Finn: So, that's Joe and Nikki. And we asked you: what did Nikki's grandparents have?

这就是Joe和Nikki的对话。问题来了:Nikki的祖父母有什么?

Catherine: And the answer is: they had a big, old, leather sofa.

答案是:他们有一张又大又旧的皮沙发。

Finn: That's right. And the phrase a big, old, leather sofa is our first example of adjective order.

没错。a big, old, leather sofa这个词组是形容词序的第一个例子。

Catherine: Now, when we use two or more adjectives together to describe a noun, the order we put them in is important. For example, we don't usually say an old, leather, big sofa.

当我们用两个或两个以上的形容词来描述一个名词时,我们把它们放在一起的顺序是很重要的。例如,我们通常不会说一个旧的,皮革的,大沙发。

Finn: So for our sofa example, first it's size - so big, then age - old, and then material - leather. A big, old, leather sofa.

以我们的沙发为例,首先是尺寸——非常大,然后是年代久远的,最后是材料——皮革。一张又大又旧的皮沙发。

Catherine: So that's size, age, and material type. And each new adjective in the list needs to go in the right place.

所以顺序是尺寸,年限和材质。列表中的每个新形容词都要放在正确的位置。

Finn: For example, colour goes between age and material type. So we can say: a big, old, red, leather sofa.

例如,颜色介于年龄和材料类型之间。所以我们可以说:a big, old, red, leather sofa。

Catherine: Now some people find it difficult to remember the adjective order...

现在有些人发现很难记住形容词的顺序……

Finn: But there's a good tip which is: the adjective with the meaning most closely related to the noun goes nearest to it.

但有一个很好的窍门:与名词意义最接近的形容词放在最靠近名词的位置。

Catherine: And in our example, the material type - leather - is most closely connected to the noun. Big, old and red are more general. So: big, old, red, leather sofa. Another one please, Finn?

在我们的例子中,材料类型——皮革——与名词联系最紧密。大的、老的和红的比较普遍。所以:大的,旧的,红色的,皮沙发。Finn,再说一个?

Finn: Blue stripy cotton cushions.

蓝色条纹棉靠垫。

Catherine: So colour - blue, quality - stripy, and material type - cotton. Blue stripy cotton cushions.

所以颜色-蓝色,质量-条纹,和材料类型-棉花。蓝色条纹棉靠垫。

Finn: And Nikki got very excited about a beautiful green and blue Turkish kilim.

Nikki对一张漂亮的蓝绿相间的土耳其基里姆地毯感到非常兴奋。

Catherine: Did she? I can understand that.

是吗?我能理解。

Finn: Yes. So it's a beautiful green and blue Turkish kilim. There we had opinion: beautiful, and then colours: green and blue, we had two colours joined by 'and', and then country: Turkish.

是的。所以那时一张漂亮的蓝绿相间的土耳其基里姆地毯。先是观点性形容词漂亮的,然后是由and连接起来的两种颜色(蓝色和绿色),在后面是国家土耳其。

You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: And we're talking about adjective order. And you might have noticed that we used some adjectives at the beginning of the programme.

我们正在学形容词序。大家可能注意到了,我们在节目一开头用了一些形容词。

Catherine: We had nice, easy quiz - with two opinion adjectives. Easy has a closer connection to the noun quiz than nice. So we put easy next to the noun. A nice easy quiz.

我们说了nice, easy quiz——用了两个观点性形容词。Easy和名词quiz的连接相对于nice而言更紧密,所以放在更靠近quiz的位置,A nice easy quiz.

Finn: A nice, easy quiz. And another one: a small, but meaningful tip.

A nice, easy quiz. 还有一个:a small, but meaningful tip(一个小而有意义的窍门)。

Catherine: We can put 'but' between adjectives when they seem a bit unusual next to each other. Like small, but meaningful.

出现两个形容词放在一起不协调的情况时,我们可以用‘but’进行连接。比如small, but meaningful.

Finn: Strange, but true, eh, Catherine?

Strange, but true(奇怪但真实的),对吧,Catherine?

Catherine: Indeed. Nothing strange about vocabulary. So let's hear today's examples again. First, size, age, colour, and material.

确实是这样。词汇并不奇怪。我们再来听一遍今天的例句。首先是尺寸、年龄、颜色和材料。

Finn: Big, old, red, leather sofa.

大而旧的红色皮沙发。

Catherine: And leather has the strongest connection to the noun. Next, colour, quality, and material.

与名词关联最紧密的是leather, 然后是颜色colour,质量quality和材质material

Finn: Blue stripy cotton cushions.

蓝色条纹棉靠垫。

Catherine: And opinion, colour, and country.

还有观点,颜色和国家。

Finn: Beautiful green and blue Turkish kilim.

漂亮的蓝绿相间的土耳其地毯。

Catherine: Right. And now it's quiz time. Put these adjectives in the right order. Number 1. I love my ... old, smelly, big dog.

没错,测试时间到了。把这些形容词放在正确的位置上。第一题:我喜欢我那…的狗

Finn: Right: I love my big, old, smelly dog.

正确答案是:I love my big, old, smelly dog.我爱我那又大又老又臭的狗。)

Catherine: Good. Number 2. This is a ... Moroccan, simple, but delicious recipe.

第二题:这是一个....摩洛哥,简单的,但美味的食谱。

Finn: This is a simple, but delicious, Moroccan recipe.

正确答案是:This is a simple, but delicious, Moroccan recipe.(这是一个简单但美味的摩洛哥食谱。)

Catherine: Very good. And that brings us almost to the end of the programme.

很好。我们的节目又要结束了。

Finn: But before we go, here's that tip we promised you, and it's a game this time. Now, this is a game to play with a friend to practise describing things. Think of a noun but don't tell your friend what it is. Then give adjective clues to help them guess the noun.

但在结束之前,要履行承诺教大家一个窍门,这次的窍门是一个游戏。这个游戏需要和朋友一起玩,练习描述事物。想一个名词但不要告诉你朋友,然后给出形容词线索,让对方猜出名词。

Catherine: Good game. Do you want to play?

这游戏不错。你想玩吗?

Finn: Let's give it a go.

我们来玩一局吧。

Catherine: Brilliant. There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

太好了。更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。

Both: Goodbye!

再见!

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