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BBC六分钟英语词汇基础篇: 近义词的用法

kira86 于2020-08-06发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词学习近义词,即:意思相近但用法不同的词。还会留给大家一个学习词汇的大窍门。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Similar words

近义词

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary with me Rob...

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Rob

Sophie: And me Sophie. And today's show is all about similar words.

我是Sophie,今天我们的节目来讲解近义词。

Rob: Yes, similar words - words that are close in meaning, but which we use in different ways. We'll look at what they are, what they mean and how to use them.

是的,近义词——意思相近但用法不同的词。我们来看看有哪些近义词以及他们的释义和用法。

Sophie: We're hoping for high scores in our quiz...

希望接下来的测验能得到高分……

Rob: And we'll leave you with a big tip for learning vocabulary.

我们还会留给大家一个学习词汇的大窍门。

Sophie: So, first let's listen to two architects travelling up the Burj Khalifa building in Dubai.

那么,首先让我们来听听两位建筑师游览迪拜哈利法塔的故事。

Rob: Here's a question to think about while you listen: what's special about this building?

边听边思考一个问题:这座建筑有什么特别之处?

Sophie: What's special about this building? Let's find out.

这座建筑有什么特别之处呢? 我们一起找出答案吧。

Marisa: We've reached the top. How high are we?

我们已经到顶了,我们身处高度是多少?

Jon: We're on the 124th floor.

我们在124层楼。

Marisa: Wow - so this is the tallest building in the world. It's pretty impressive.

哇,这么说这是世界上最高的建筑了。很让人印象深刻。

Jon: You can really see how big the city is. And also what a large number of construction projects are happening here.

你可以清楚地看到这个城市有多大。还有这里正在进行的大量建设项目。

Marisa: So why did we come here today?

那我们今天为什么要来这呢?

Jon: Well, I've got some big ideas about our next building project that I want to discuss!

嗯,我有一些关于我们下一个建筑项目的好主意想和你讨论一下!

Rob: So, Jon and Marisa are architects. And we asked you: what's special about the Burj Khalifa?

Jon和Marisa是建筑师。问题来了:哈利法塔有何特别之处呢?

Sophie: And the answer is: it's the tallest building in the world.

答案是:它是世界上最高的建筑。

Rob: And 'tall' is one of today's similar words.

Tall就是我们今天要讲的一个近义词之一。

Sophie: That's right, and 'high' is another. These words have a similar meaning - they describe something that is more than average height.

没错,“high”是另一个。这些词有一个相似的意思——它们表示的是高于平均的高度。。

Rob: So what's the difference, Sophie?

那么二者区别在哪呢,Sophie?

Sophie: We usually use 'high' for things that are wider than their vertical height, for example, high mountains or a high wall. And we use 'tall' for things that are narrower than their vertical height, like people or trees.

我们通常用'high'来表示比垂直高度更宽的东西,例如高山或高墙。而‘tall’用于表示比垂直高度窄的东西,比如人或树。

Rob: Or buildings - as we heard just now. Buildings with many floors often have greater height than width, like the Burj Khalifa.

或者建筑——就像刚刚听到的一样。很多楼层的建筑通常高度大于宽度,比如哈利法塔。

Sophie: That's right. But we can also talk about 'high buildings': Sherlock Holmes fell from the top of a high building.

没错,但也可以说'high buildings': 夏洛克·福尔摩斯从一座高楼的顶上掉了下来。

Rob: Context is always important for choosing the right word. We use 'high' in this sentence because it's the position of the top of the building that's important - not the building as a whole.

上下文对于选择正确的词总是很重要的。我们在这个句子中使用‘high’,因为重要的是建筑顶部的位置,而不是整个建筑。

Sophie: Great explanation, Sherlock. Another example?

解释的好,Sherlock. 另一个例子呢?

Rob: OK. 'Big' and 'large'. These words both mean something that is more than average size. In general, we use 'big' more often than 'large' - and we use it to talk about real things, like 'big cities', and abstract things, like 'big ideas'.

好,我们看'Big' 和 'large'。这两个词都表示比平均尺寸大的东西。一般来说,“big”的使用次数比“large”更频繁——我们用big来谈论真实的事物,比如“大城市”,以及抽象的事物,比如“big ideas”。

Sophie: What's your big idea for today, Rob?

Rob,你目前的大理想是什么?

Rob: Well, my big idea of the day is world peace. You hear about so much death and destruction in the news I really think that world peace is what we should be aiming for.

我今天的主要想法是世界和平。在新闻中听到太多的死亡和破坏,我真的认为世界和平是我们应该追求的目标。

Sophie: Well, that is a big idea - big because unfortunately it's quite an abstract idea, which is why we say big idea and not large idea. So, when do we use large?

嗯,这是一个伟大的理想——伟大但遗憾的是却相当抽象,这就是为什么我们说big idea,而不是large idea.那么,什么时候用large呢?

Rob: OK, well, we use 'large' when we want to sound more formal, for example, Dubai has the largest population in the United Arab Emirates.

好吧,当我们想让语气听起来更正式时,我们会用“large”,例如,迪拜是阿联酋人口最多的城市。

Sophie: We also use 'large' in some fixed expressions. Jon talks about Dubai having 'a large number of construction projects' in progress.

我们也在一些固定的表达中使用“large”。Jon谈到迪拜正在进行“大量的建设项目”。

6 Minute Vocabulary from bbclearningenglish.com.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道《六分钟英语词汇》节目。

Rob: And we're talking about similar words. Now let's hear today's words again.

我们正在讲解近义词,现在我们再来听听今天学到的词。

Sophie: Big and large. Meaning more than average size.

Big和large,意思是比平均尺寸大的。

Rob: 'Big' for real and abstract things: big city, big house, big decision, big ideas. 'Large' for real things with a more formal tone: a large population, a large number of projects, a large amount of money.

‘big’用于描述真实和抽象的事物:big city大城市,big house大房子,big decision大决定,big ideas大理想。‘large’用于更正式的语境中描述真实的事物:a large population 人口众多,a large number of projects,大量的项目,a large amount of money一大笔钱。

Sophie: High and tall. Meaning more than average height.

High 和tall,意思是比平均高度高的。

Rob: 'High' for things that are wider than their vertical height: high mountains, high wall, high windows, high bookshelf. 'Tall' for things that are narrower than their vertical height: tall buildings, tall people, tall trees, tall grass, tall Sophie!

'High'指的是比垂直高度更宽的东西: high mountains高山、high wall高墙、high windows高窗户、high bookshelf高书架。'Tall'指的是那些比垂直高度还窄的东西: tall buildings高楼、 tall people高个子、tall trees大树、tall grass茂草、tall Sophie高大的索菲!

Sophie: Thanks Rob! And remember that context is very important!

谢谢你,Rob!别忘了上下文也很重要!

Rob: Thank you Sophie. And now it's quiz time. Is the English in these sentences right or wrong? Number 1: My brother is 180cm high.

谢谢,Sophie. 测试时间到了。以下句子中的英语单词正确还是错误?第一题:我哥哥身高一米八。

Sophie: And the answer is: Wrong. He's 180cm tall.

答案是:错误。身高应该用tall.

Number 2. I looked down from the high window to the garden below.

第二题:我从高高的窗户上看向下面的花园。

Sophie: And the answer is: Right. And finally, number 3. Moving house is a large decision to make.

答案是:正确。最后来看第三题:搬家真是一个大决定。

Rob: And the answer is: Wrong. It's a big decision!

答案是:错误。应该是It's a big decision!

Sophie: And that brings us almost to the end of the programme.

节目快要接近尾声了。

Rob: But before we go, here's our big tip for remembering vocabulary: use internet search engines to check how often words are used together. It'll help you choose the right words!

但结束之前,我们留给大家一个学习词汇的大窍门:使用互联网搜索引擎来检查单词一起使用的频率。它将帮助你选择正确的单词!

Sophie: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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