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BBC六分钟单词: 英语中职业相关单词要分男女?

kira86 于2020-08-27发布
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本期BBC六分钟英语词汇将要学习职业有关的词汇,一起来看看这些词汇是如何随着男性或女性的工作而变化的。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Male and female job words

男性和女性的工作词汇

Catherine: Hi! Welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. My name is Catherine, and I'm here with Rob.

嗨!欢迎来到6分钟单词。我叫Catherine,我旁边是Rob.

Rob: Hello everyone. Today we're going to be talking about different words for jobs, and especially how those words change depending on whether a man or a woman is doing the job.

大家好。我们今天来学关于工作的不同词汇,特别是这些词汇是如何随着男性或女性的工作而变化的。

Catherine: Yes, and listen carefully because we're going to give you a quick quiz.

是的,仔细听,因为稍后会有一个小测验。

Rob: And then you'll get a tip to help with your vocabulary learning.

然后你会得到一个提示来帮助你的词汇学习。

Catherine: Right, so let's get started! First we're going to listen to listen to Joe, talking about how he met his girlfriend, Judith.

好的,让我们开始吧!首先我们来听一听Joe是怎么认识他女朋友Judith的。

Rob: While you listen, here's a question for you to think about: what is Judith's job now? Listen carefully!

边听边思考一个问题:Judith现在的工作是什么?仔细听!

INSERT: Joe: Well, I used to be an actor, and I met Judith at work. We were doing a play about a policeman, who falls in love with a waitress. I played the policeman, and Judith played the waitress - and sure enough, we fell in love! Later, I quit acting, and now I'm a businessman. But Judith has a successful acting career - right now, she's on a film shoot: she's playing a firefighter!

我以前是个演员,我在工作的时候认识了Judith。我们在演一个警察爱上了一个女服务员的故事。我扮演警察,Judith扮演女服务员——毫无疑问,我们相爱了!后来,我放弃了表演,成为了一个商人。但是Judith的演艺生涯很成功——现在,她正在拍摄一部电影:她扮演一名消防员!

Catherine: So, the question was: what is Judith's job now?

问题来了:Judith现在的工作是什么?

Rob: And the answer is, Judith is an actress. Right now, she's making a film.

答案是,Judith是一名演员。她现在正在拍一部电影。

Catherine: The first job that Joe mentioned was actor. Now, this is one of those jobs where the word changes, depending on whether a man or a woman is doing the job. So, we say that a man is an actor, but a woman is an actress.

Joe提到的第一份工作是actor演员。这个词就是那些随着从事工作的人的性别改变而改变的单词之一。所以,男演员称为actor,女演员称为actress。

Rob: That's right. When Joe met Judith, she was playing a waitress. Again, we can say a man is a waiter, and a woman is a waitress.

没错。Joe遇到Judith的时候,她扮演的是一名waitress女服务员。还是一样的,男服务员称为waiter,女服务员称为waitress。

Catherine: Yeah, so we've got actor, actress; waiter, waitress. You can hear the pattern, can't you?

是的,那么我们学到了actor, actress; waiter, waitress这四个词。你能听出来的,对吧?

Rob: I can, yes. Judith was playing a waitress in the play, but can you remember what Joe was playing? Listen again:

是的,我能听出来。Judith在戏中扮演的是女服务员waitress,但你还记得Joe扮演的是什么角色吗?再听一遍录音:

INSERT 1 CLIP 1: We were doing a play about a policeman, who falls in love with a waitress.

我们正在演一部警察爱上女服务员的戏。

Catherine: Right, so Joe was playing a policeman, and we say that a man is a policeman, and a woman is a policewoman.

对,Joe扮演的是一名警察,男演员是policeman,女演员称为policewoman。

Rob: Now, Joe is a businessman because he's a man. But for a woman, we can say businesswoman.

Joe现在是一名商人,因为他是男性,所以是businessman。但是女商人就是businesswoman。

Catherine: Yeah, so policeman, policewoman; businessman, businesswoman. Easy, isn't it?

是的,所以有policeman, policewoman; businessman, businesswoman这些词。很简单,对吧?

Rob: Well maybe it's not quite so easy, because we know that Judith is making a film right now, but do you remember what sort of character she is playing? Listen again and check:

嗯,或许并不那么简单,因为我们知道Judith正在拍一部电影,但大家还记得她在剧中扮演什么角色吗?再听一遍录音检查一下:

INSERT 1 CLIP 2: But Judith has a successful acting career - right now, she's on a film shoot: she's playing a firefighter!

但是Judith的演艺生涯很成功——她现在正在拍一部电影:她演的是一名消防员!

Catherine: OK, so Judith is playing a firefighter.

好的,所以Judith扮演的是一名消防员。

Rob: But wait, hold on a minute Catherine, there's something strange about that word, firefighter.

但稍等一下Catherine,firefighter这个词有点奇怪。

Catherine: Yes, Indeed. A waiter is a man, and a policewoman is a woman. What about a firefighter? Man or woman? What is it?

确实是。Waiter是男服务员,policewoman是女警察。那firefighter呢?是男的还是女的呢?是什么呢?

Rob: Well, in fact, the word firefighter is the same for a man or a woman. More and more, in modern English, people prefer to use words for jobs which are the same for both sexes.

事实上,消防员这个词对男人和女人来说是一样的。在现代英语中,越来越多的人喜欢用与工作相同的词来描述两性的工作。

Catherine: They do. For example, some people prefer not to use the word actress. They just like to use the word actor for a man or a woman.

确实是。例如,有些人不喜欢用女演员这个词。他们只是喜欢用“演员”这个词来形容男人或女人。

Rob: And instead of policeman or policewoman, we can say police officer. That's good for a man or a woman, too.

我们可以用police officer来代替policeman或policewoman。这对男性和女性都有好处。

Catherine: And that's why we say firefighter. We don't say fireman, firewoman, we just use firefighter these days for everyone.

这就是我们今天只用firefighter而不用fireman和firewoman的原因。

6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Catherine: And we're talking about job words that change depending on whether a man or a woman is doing the job...

我们正在讲解的是那些随着男性或女性而变化的工作词汇……

Rob: ...and job words that are the same for both men and women.

……还有那些可以同时描述男性和女性的工作词汇。

Catherine: Those are my preferred options, what about you Rob?

后面这些词是我的首选,你呢,Rob?

Rob: I think it's easier and less complicated, yes, to use those sort of generic words.

我也觉得这些通用的词更简单一点,没有那么复杂。

Catherine: Yeah, like presenter.

是的,比如presenter主持人。

Rob: Like presenter. Not 'presenteress' or anything like that.

比如presenter主持人,而不用说'presenteress'什么的。

Catherine: Indeed. And some job titles that used to be different for men and women are now being replaced by a single job title for both sexes. For example on planes, in the past, we used to have stewards and stewardesses looking after the passengers. Now we just have, Rob...

确实。一些过去男女不同的工作头衔现在正被一个男女通用的工作头衔所取代。例如在飞机上,在过去,飞机上照顾乘客的称为空姐和空哥。现在我们只有,Rob…

Rob: Flight attendants. And instead of a chairman or a chairwoman in charge of a formal meeting, these days we often hear the word chairperson.

乘务员。现在我们把主持会议的人称为chairperson,而不是chairman或chairwoman。

Catherine: Or just chair.

或者只用chair就可以了。

Rob: OK.

好的。

Catherine: Right, so now it's time to see how much you can remember. And we've got three quiz questions for you. Number one: if the word for a man is businessman, what's the word for a woman?

好了,现在是时候检测我们记住了多少的时候了。我们给大家准备了三道题。第一题:如果男性商人称为businessman,那么女性商人称为什么?

Rob: And the answer is businesswoman. Second, if the word for a woman is waitress, what's the word for a man?

答案是businesswoman。第二题:如果女服务员是waitress,那么男服务员称为什么?

Catherine: Waiter! Right, and just one more question: if a man can be a policeman, and a woman can be a policewoman, what's the word that's equally good for a man or a woman?

服务员!对了,还有一个问题:如果男警察称为policeman,女警察称为policewoman,那么什么词可以用来平等表达这个职业呢?

Rob: It's police officer! Did you get all those right? Well done if you did!

是police officer!大家都做对了吗?如果做对了,给大家点个赞!

Catherine: And before we go, here's a top tip to help you learn your vocabulary more effectively.

结束之前,留给大家一个最佳窍门更有效学习词汇。

Rob: When you're out and about, walking down the street, or sitting on the bus, notice the people you see, and say the words for them to yourself in English - like waitress or police officer.

当你在外面走动,走在街上,或坐在公共汽车上,注意你看到的人,然后用英语为他们说英语——比如女服务员或警察。

Catherine: Or presenter.

或者主持人。

Rob: Indeed.

确实。

Catherine: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary. Bye!

更多内容尽在bbclearningenglish.com. 下期节目再见!

Rob: Bye!

再见!

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