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BBC六分钟单词: 程度副词增强形容词词义

kira86 于2020-09-02发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词将告诉你你如何在形容词后面加加强词。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Strong adjectives

加强词

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Rob, and this is Catherine.

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Rob,这位是Catherine。

Catherine: Hi! Today we've got a fantastic programme for you. It's all about strong adjectives.

嗨!今天给大家带来一个关于加强词的了不起的节目。

Rob: Yes, it is. We'll give you a wonderful explanation of what they are and how to use them...

是的。。我们会给你一个精彩的解释,它们是什么,如何使用它们…

Catherine: We'll also give you some very useful advice on how to use intensifiers with adjectives...

我们还会给你一些非常有用的建议,告诉你如何在形容词后面加加强词。

Rob: And there'll be a fabulous quiz...

稍后会有一个精彩的测验……

Catherine: And finally we'll give you an absolutely amazing tip to help you learn vocabulary.

最后,我们会给你一个绝对惊人的技巧来帮助你学习词汇。

Rob: Wow. OK, let's get going then, there's no time to waste. Here's Tom. Now, he took his girlfriend to the cinema and then for dinner afterwards. Very romantic! Let's hear how the evening went. While you're listening, try to answer this question: was it a successful evening out?

哇。好了,开始吧,没时间浪费了。这是Tom。现在,他带他的女朋友去看电影,然后吃晚饭。非常浪漫!让我们听听晚上是怎么过的。听的时候试着回答这个问题:这是一次成功的晚上约会吗?

Tom: We went to see that new film - I thought it was quite funny, but Jenny thought it was hilarious. We went for a meal: The food was not so bad but the service was absolutely terrible! We waited nearly an hour to get our food. When it finally arrived, I was absolutely starving!

我们去看了那部新电影——我觉得很有趣,但Jenny觉得很滑稽。我们去吃了一顿饭:食物不是很差,但服务绝对糟糕!我们等了将近一个小时才拿到食物。当上菜的时候,我简直快饿死了!

Rob: So - the meal didn't go too well: Tom and Jenny had to wait a long time for their food - nearly an hour! What do you think about that Catherine?

所以——这顿饭吃得不太好: Tom 和 Jenny等了很长时间才吃到饭——将近一个小时!Catherine,你怎么看?

Catherine: I wouldn't last that long. Twenty minutes, and I'd be gone.

我等不了那么久。20分钟后我就会走。

Rob: Well, luckily, they liked the film. Listen to this clip:

幸运的是,他们喜欢这部电影。来听这段录音:

INSERT 1 CLIP 1: I thought it was quite funny, but Jenny thought it was hilarious.

我觉得很有趣,但Jenny觉得很滑稽。

Catherine: Tom said he thought the film was quite funny. Quite funny. Now, when we use an ordinary adjective, like funny, we can add a word like quite, or very, or just a little bit, to give more information about the adjective.

Tom表示自己认为电影很有趣(quite funny)。那么当我们使用一个普通的形容词,比如funny,我们可以添加一个单词,比如quite,或者very,或者 just a little bit,来提供更多关于这个形容词的信息。

Rob: So, we can say the film was quite funny, or very funny, or just a little bit funny. These words are called intensifiers - and they are quite useful.

所以我们可以说电影quite funny,或very funny,或者 just a little bit funny. 这些词都称为加强词——它们用处都很大。

Catherine: They're very useful actually. Yes. So Tom thought the film was funny; but Jenny thought it was hilarious. And the word hilarious means - very, very funny.

是的,它们非常有用。所以Tom认为这部电影很有趣;但是Jenny觉得很滑稽。hilarious 滑稽这个词的意思是非常非常有趣。

Rob: Hilarious is a special kind of adjective - it already includes the idea of very.

hilarious 是一种特殊的形容词——它已经包含了very(非常)这个意思。

Catherine: Right, and we call this type of adjective a strong adjective, and there are lots of them. For example, to mean very good, we can say:

是的,我们称这种类型的形容词为加强词,还有很多这类词语。例如,要表示非常好,我们可以说:

Rob: Wonderful! Fabulous! Amazing!

太棒了!令人难以置信的1令人惊异的!

Catherine: Thank you Rob. Three fantastic words there. But most of the time, we don't use intensifiers like quite, or very, or just a little bit with these strong adjectives, and that's because the idea of very is already in the word. So for example, hilarious means very funny, so a little bit hilarious would mean a little bit very funny, and that doesn't make sense, does it Rob?

谢谢你,Rob。这是三个奇妙的单词。但大多数时候,我们不会使用quite,very或just a little bit这些词修饰这些形容词,因为它们本身就已经包含了very(非常)的含义。例如,hilarious 意思是非常有趣,所以 a little bit hilarious就表示有一点点有趣。这不可能,对吧,Rob?

Rob: Absolutely not, no. OK, well back to the clip. Tom used a couple of other strong adjectives, too. Listen again. What's the strong adjective?

当然。好,回到刚才的录音。Tom还用了另外两个加强词。再听一遍录音,看看是什么词?

INSERT 1 CLIP 2: The food was not so bad but the service was absolutely terrible!

食物不是很差,但服务绝对糟糕!

Catherine: Well, Tom used the ordinary adjective bad, and he used it with an intensifier when he said not so bad.

嗯,Tom用了普通形容词bad,当他说not so bad时,他加了一个加强语气的词。

Rob: But the strong adjective was terrible. Terrible means very bad.

但加强词是terrible,意思是非常糟糕。

Catherine: And this time, Tom used an intensifier that we usually only use with strong adjectives - he said it was absolutely terrible. So, when we want to make a strong adjective even stronger, we need to use one of these special intensifiers, like absolutely. So, we say very bad, but we say absolutely terrible.

这一次,Tom用了一个我们通常只用在强形容词上的加强语气的词——他说绝对糟糕(absolutely terrible)。所以,当我们想要一个更强的形容词时,我们需要使用这些特殊的加强词,比如absolutely。所以,我们说very bad,但我们也说absolutely terrible.。

Rob: And we don't usually say absolutely bad. Here's Tom using another strong adjective. Listen carefully, and see if you can catch it!

我们通常不会说absolutely bad.这是Tom用的另一个强烈的形容词。仔细听,看你是否能听懂!

INSERT 1 CLIP 3: We waited for nearly an hour to get our food. When it finally arrived, I was absolutely starving!

我们等了快一个小时才吃上饭。最后上菜的时候,我都要饿死了!

Catherine: Tom used the phrase absolutely starving. Starving is a strong adjective, which means very hungry, and he used the intensifier absolutely to make it even stronger. Absolutely starving.

Tom用了“absolutely starving极度饥饿”这个词。hungry是一个很强烈的形容词,意思是非常饿,他用了absolutely这个加强语气使它更加强烈。极度饥饿。

6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.

你正在学习的是BBC英语学习节目。

Rob: And today our absolutely wonderful topic is strong adjectives and intensifiers.

今天我们的主题是强形容词和语气强化词。

Catherine: And now it's time for a very quick quiz. Question one. What is the strong adjective for funny?

是时候该做个简短的小测验了。第一题:funny的加强词是什么?

Rob: And the answer is hilarious. Question two. What is the strong adjective and intensifier for very bad?

答案是hilarious。第二题: very bad very bad的形容词和加强语气词是什么?

Catherine: And the answer is absolutely terrible. Just one more question! Can you name three strong adjectives that mean good?

答案是absolutely terrible. 还有一题!你能说出三个表示好的强化词吗?

Rob: And in the programme today we had fantastic, wonderful, fabulous and amazing, which describes me I think. And if you got all those right, you're absolutely wonderful.

我们今天的节目中用到了fantastic, wonderful, fabulous 和 amazing,我想这些词都是答案。如果你都做对了,那你真是棒极了。

Catherine: And we've just got time for that fantastic vocabulary tip we promised you. When you're learning adjectives, make a picture in your mind of someone or something that reminds you of that adjective. It will help you remember the word. For example, I think that Rob is absolutely fantastic.

我们现在有时间来学习我们承诺过的奇妙的词汇技巧。学习形容词的时候,在脑海里画一个让你想起那个形容词的人或事,这有助于你记住这个单词。例如,我认为Rob绝对是了不起的。

Rob: You're just saying that Catherine, thank you very much.

你刚夸我了,Catherine,非常感谢。

Catherine: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary. Bye!

更多内容尽在bbclearningenglish.com.下期节目再见!

Rob: Bye!

再见!

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