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BBC六分钟单词: 单词中经常不发音的字母k, w和b

kira86 于2020-09-16发布
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本期BBC六分钟英语单词将学习口语和书面语中非常重要的一部分:不发音的字母。
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Silent letters: k, w and b

不发音字母:k,w和b

Catherine: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine...

大家好,欢迎来到六分钟单词。我是Catherine……

Rob: And I'm Rob. In today's show we're going to look at a very important part of spoken and written vocabulary: silent letters.

我是Rob。在今天的节目中,我们将学习口语和书面语中非常重要的一部分:不发音的字母。

Catherine: Silent letters. We'll look at what they are, where they appear and how to say them...

不发音的字母。我们来看看是什么,怎么用以及怎么念……

Rob: There'll be a quiz...

稍后会有一个测验……

Catherine: And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

我们会留给大家一个学习词汇的最佳窍门。

Rob: But first, let's listen to Nick. He's at the doctor's, and it's not good news.

但我们先来听听Nick怎么说。他在看医生,情况不太乐观。

Catherine : No, it's not. While you listen, try and answer this question: what treatment does the doctor suggest for Nick?

是的,情况不太好。边听边试着回答问题:医生给了Nick什么治疗建议?

Doctor: Take a seat. What seems to be the problem?

请坐。怎么了?

Nick: It's my wrist - it really hurts!

我的手腕——疼死了!

Doctor: Let's see if we can work out what's wrong. Do you have pain anywhere else? What about your elbows and knees?

我们来看看能不能找出原因。还有别的地方疼吗?手肘和膝盖疼吗?

Nick: No. They're fine. But I can't move my thumb and I don't know why.

不,这些部位都挺好的。但我的拇指动不了,我不知道为什么。

Doctor: Well. Have you done anything physically demanding recently?

好。你最近做过什么需要体力的事情吗?

Nick: I did play tennis yesterday...

我昨天去打网球了……

Doctor: You've probably just got a pulled muscle then. You'll just have to rest your wrist. No playing tennis for a while I'm afraid.

那你可能只是肌肉拉伤了。你只需要让你的手腕休息一下。恐怕有一段时间不能打网球了。

Catherine: So, we asked you: what treatment did the doctor suggest for Nick?

那么问题来了:医生给了Nick什么建议?

Rob: And the answer is: he told Nick to rest his wrist.

答案是:他让Nick修养手腕。

Catherine: He did: well done if you got that right. Now, wrist - that's the bit of your body that joins your arm to your hand - is an example of the vocabulary area we're looking at today - and that's words with silent letters, Rob.

没错。如果你答对了,给你点个赞。腕部——也就是连接手臂和手的身体部位,是我们今天要学习的词汇的一个例子。

Rob: Yes: we spell this word wrist, w-r-i-s-t, but when we say it, we don't pronounce the first letter /w/. Instead, we start with the sound from the second letter in the word, which is the letter r - pronounced /r/.

是的。这个单词的写法是w-r-i-s-t,但是念的时候,我们不会发音第一个字母/w/。相反,我们从单词中第二个字母的发音开始,它是字母r发音的/r/。

Catherine: Let's listen to Nick again.

我们再听一遍Nick的话。

Nick: It's my wrist - it really hurts!

我的手腕——疼死了!

Catherine: So we don't say w-rist: we say wrist. Wrist. Some other words that start with a silent w are...

所以,我们不念成w-rist,而是wrist 还有一些以w开头的单词是……

Rob: Write: that's w-r-i-t-e, like to write a letter, and wrong, w-r-o-n-g, meaning not correct. In fact, there's a rule here, which is: we don't usually pronounce the w in words that begin w-r. When did you last write a letter, Catherine?

Write书写:w-r-i-t-e, 比如 Write a letter写信,;还有wrong错误的, w-r-o-n-g,意思是不正确的。事实上,这里有一条规则,那就是:我们通常不会在以w-r开头的单词中读w。你上次写信是什么时候,Catherine?

Catherine: I wrote a letter on paper... I really don't know Rob, to be honest, it's all email for me now.

我用纸写了一封信……我真的不知道了,Rob,说实话,现在我都是用电子邮件了。

Rob: That's a good idea, with your handwriting.

好主意,手写的。

Catherine: Probably. Now, Nick said another word with a silent letter:

可能吧。Nick说了另一个有不发音字母的单词:

Nick: ... but I can't move my thumb and I don't know why.

但我不知道为什么我的大拇指动不了了。

Rob: The word was know, meaning: to recognise and understand something, is spelt k-n-o-w but we don't say the letter k. So it isn't k-now but know.

这个单词就是know,意思是认知和理解某事,写法为k-n-o-w ,但是字母k不发音。所以是know而不念成k-now

Catherine : It's know. So, another rule for you: we don't normally say the k in words that begin k-n: like knee, the joint between your upper and lower leg, and knife, the tool we use to cut things. Knee and knife start with silent k.

是know. 所以还有一条规则:以k-n开头的单词我们通常不把字母k的音发出来:比如knee,即上肢和小腿之间的关节。还有knife这个词,即我们用来切东西的工具。Knee 和knife 都是以不发音的字母k开头。

Rob: Excellent. Now, Nick also said a word with a silent letter at the end.

很好。Nick还说了一个单词,这个词尾也有不发音的字母。

Catherine: He did, it's a part of the hand: you've got four fingers, and then the fifth one that sticks out the other way is your thumb; that's thumb spelt t-h-u-m-b, but we don't pronounce the final b. We don't say thum-b - we say thumb. Thumb.

是的,那就是手的一部分:你有四个手指,第五个向外伸出的是大拇指;,写法为t-h-u-m-b, 但我们不把最后一个字母b发音出来,我们不说thum-b,而是说thumb.

Rob: Some other words with a silent b at the end are...

还有一些以不发音字母b结尾的单词是……

Catherine :Climb, like to climb a ladder, and lamb, a baby sheep.

Climb,比如爬梯子。还有lamb羊羔。

Rob: Do you like lamb, Catherine?

Catherine,你喜欢羊羔吗?

Catherine: I do like lamb! I like lambs when they are alive, I have to say, I also quite like eating them.

我不喜欢!我喜欢活着的小羊羔,但我不得不说,我也喜欢吃羊羔肉。

6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Catherine: And it's time for a quiz. Count the silent letters in these sentences. Number one. There's something wrong with my wrist.

是时候做个测验了。数数看以下句子有几个不发音字母。第一题:There's something wrong with my wrist.

Rob: And the answer is two. Wrong and wrist both begin with a silent w.

答案是两个。Wrong和wrist都是以不发音字母w开头的单词。

Catherine: Good. Sentence number two. I don't know why my thumb hurts.

很好。第二题:I don't know why my thumb hurts.

Rob: And the answer is two again. Know starts with a silent k and thumb ends with a silent b.

答案还是两个。Know以不发音字母k开头;thumb以不发音字母b结尾。

Catherine: And the last one. No, I can't climb up there because I've hurt my knee.

最后一题:不,我不能爬上去,因为我的膝盖受伤了。

Rob:Well, climb has a silent b at the end, and knee starts with a silent k. But the word no at the beginning of the sentence is the opposite of yes, so it's spelt n-o. So the answer is: there are two words with silent letters in this sentence.

climb的末尾有一个不发音的b,而knee的开头有一个不发音的k。但是这个句子开头的no是yes的反义词,所以它的拼写是n-o。所以答案是:这个句子里有两个单词的字母是不发音的。

Catherine: Well done if you got those right.

如果你做对了,给你点个赞。

Rob: And that brings us almost to the end of today's programme.

我们的节目又接近尾声了。

Catherine: Before we go, here's today's top tip for learning and recording vocabulary: when you learn a word, and you know it has a silent letter, mark the silent letter very clearly in your vocabulary notebook. That way you won't forget how to say it.

结束之前,还有一个学习单词的最佳窍门:学习单词时,如果知道有不发音单词,在笔记本上清晰标出来,这样就不会忘记这个单词的发音。

Rob: Thank you - I know what to do now! There's more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

谢谢——我现在知道该怎么做了!还有更多相关内容在BBC Learning English dot com.下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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