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BBC六分钟英语单词: 前缀 re- pre- 和pro-

kira86 于2020-09-24发布
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本期BBC六分钟英语单词将学习的内容是:前缀 re- pre- 和pro-
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Prefixes: re- pre- and pro-

前缀:re- pre- 和pro-

Catherine: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine...

哈喽,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Catherine……

Neil: And I'm Neil. You know, Catherine, 6 Minute Vocabulary is great because you can listen to each programme again and again...

我是Neil。Catherine,我们这节目的好处在于可以一遍一遍地回头听……

Catherine: You can, Neil. You can reuse them...

是的,Neil。你可以重复使用……

Neil: You can! And the word reuse is a clue to today's topic...

你也可以!reuse这个词就引出了今天的话题……

Catherine: It is, we're talking about prefixes - those are the two or three letters we can add to the beginning of words to change their meaning ...

是的,我们要讲的是前缀——我们可以在单词的开头加上两三个字母来改变它们的意思……

Neil: ...like re-, in reuse.

……比如 re-,用在reuse中。

Catherine: We'll tell you more about re- later and we'll also tell you aboutthe prefixes pre- and pro-.

我们稍后会讲更多关于前缀re- 的信息,还有pre-和pro-。

Neil: We'll explain what all three prefixes mean and give you lots of examples.

我们将解释这三个前缀的含义,并给出大量示例。

Catherine: There'll be a quiz at the end ...

最后会有一个小测验……

Neil: ... and a top tip for learning vocabulary.

……还有一个学习单词的最佳窍门。

Catherine: But first, let's hear from Katie. She's an environmental campaigner. While you listen, try to answer this question: What do teachers do with cereal boxes? Here's Katie.

但我们先来听听Katie怎么说吧。她是一名环保活动家。边听边思考一个问题:老师用麦片盒做什么? 以下是Katie的录音。

Katie: Most food in supermarkets nowadays is prepacked in plastic and cardboard. This creates so much waste. Takeaways and precooked meals also use a lot of packaging. We have to re-educate people to cook for themselves so they don't just reheat meals ... and people really need to become more proactive in recycling materials. Teachers in preschool are great at this - they reuse cereal boxes to make fantastic models of robots and spaceships with the kids.

现在超市里的大多数食品都是用塑料和纸板预先包装的。这造成了很多浪费。外卖和预煮的食物也需要大量的包装。我们必须对人们进行再教育,让他们自己做饭,这样他们就不只是重新加热饭菜了……人们真的需要更积极地回收材料。幼儿园的老师们在这方面做得很好——他们再利用麦片盒和孩子们一起做机器人和宇宙飞船的奇妙模型。

Catherine: So we asked you: What do teachers do with cereal boxes?

那么问题来了:老师用麦片盒做什么?

Neil: And the answer is: They reuse them to make models of robots and spaceships.

答案是:他们用来制作机器人和宇宙飞船的模型。

Catherine: That's right. They make something new with the boxes. But instead of saying 'they use the boxes again', Katie said the word reuse. Now, the prefix re-, spelt r-e, in front of a word means again.

正确。他们用盒子做一些新鲜的玩意儿。但我们不说‘they use the boxes again', 而是用reuse这个词。那么前缀re-指再次。

Neil: So re- plus use means use again. We also had re- plus cycling, which also means to use again. Listen out for more words with re- in this clip.

所以re-加上use这个词意为再使用。我们还能再cycling前加上re-,也是表示再次使用。听录音,找出更多带前缀re-的单词。

INSERT CLIP 1: We have to re-educate people to cook for themselves so they don't just reheat meals.

我们必须重新教育人们自己做饭,这样他们就不只是重新加热饭菜了。

Catherine: Katie used the word re-educate. That's re-, which means again, plus educate, so re-educate means educate again. And in this case, re-educate means teach people to behave in a different way so they start to cook for themselves.

Katie用到了re-educate这个词。这是由表示‘再次’的前缀re-加上教育educate构成的,所以它的意思是再教育。在这个场景中,re-educate的意思是教人们以不同的行为方式以便它们开始自己做饭。

Neil: Another other word with re- was reheat. That's re- plus heat, making reheat, which means heat again.

还有一个带前缀re-的词是再热,由re-加上heat构成,意思是再次加热。

Catherine: Let's have another clip. See if you can spot a different prefix.

我们再听另一端录音,看看大家能不能找到另一个不同的前缀。

INSERT CLIP 2: Most food in supermarkets nowadays is prepacked in plastic and cardboard. Takeaways and precooked meals also use a lot of packaging.

现在超市里的大多数食品都是用塑料和纸板预先包装的。外卖和预煮的食物也需要大量的包装。

Catherine: We heard prepacked and precooked. Both start with pre-, spelt p-r-e, which means before or already. So a lot of the food in supermarkets is already packed in cardboard and plastic - it's prepacked.

我们听到了两个词:prepacked 和precooked。这两个词都是以pre-开头,表示‘之前或已经’。 超市里的大多数食品都是用塑料和纸板包装好的——预先包装的。

Neil: And you can buy meals that have been made and cooked before you buy them. Pre- plus cooked means already cooked...

你可以购买已经做好的食物。Pre- 加上cooked意思是已经煮熟了的……

Catherine: And the children Katie talked about were in preschool.

Katie提到的孩子们都在学前班。

Neil: That's pre- plus school, that's preschool. It's a place children go before they go to proper school.

Preschool由pre-加上school构成,指的是孩子们接受正规教育之前上学的地方。

Catherine: So that's re- and pre-. Now let's talk about pro-, spelt p-r-o.

这就是re-和pre-. 我们现在谈谈pro-

Neil: Katie said people need to be more proactive in recycling. Pro- means in support of or in favour of something.

Katie说,人们需要更积极地回收利用。Pro-表示支持或赞成某事。

Catherine: So being proactive: pro- plus active - in recycling means making more effort to recycle things. Neil, are you a proactive recycler?

所以要积极主动proactive: pro-加上active,表示要更加努力地回收东西。Neil,你是一个积极的回收者吗?

Neil: Yeah. Well, we've got two bins. One for recycling and one for all the food. So, I suppose I am.

是的。我们有两个垃圾桶,一个用来放可回收垃圾,另一个用于盛放所有的食物垃圾。所以说,我觉得我是积极的回收者。

Catherine: Very good.

很好。

Neil: Now, another word with the prefix pro- that is used a lot when talking about food is probiotic. Probiotics are good bacteria that help to keep you healthy.

另一个前缀为pro-的单词在谈论食物时经常使用,那就是probiotic益生菌。益生菌是有益的细菌,可以帮助你保持健康。

You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习节目。

Neil: And we're talking about the prefixes re-, pre- and pro-.

我们正在讲解的是前缀re-,pre-和Pro-

Catherine: And now for a quiz. Number one: Which prefix goes before the word school to make the word for a place for very young children. Is it a) re- b) pre- or c) pro-?

现在来做个小测验。第一题:在单词school前加什么前缀能让它变成适合非常小的孩子上学的地方?

Neil: And the answer is b) pre: it's preschool.

答案是b) pre: preschool

Catherine: Good. Number two: What would you do with a ready-made meal? Would you a) preheat it b) reheat it or c) proheat it?

很好。第二题:你会用一顿现成的饭做什么?

Neil: And the answer is b) re: that's reheat it.

答案是b) re: reheat

Catherine: Great. And, number three: If you want to improve your English, should you be a) reactive, b) preactive or c) proactive when you're learning new words?

真棒。第三题:如果你想提高英语水平,那么在学习新词时你应该怎么样?

Neil: And the answer is c)it's pro: that's proactive.

答案是c) pro: proactive.

Catherine: And that's the end of the quiz - well done if you got them right.

测验结束——如果你都做对了,给你点个赞。

Neil: And now, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary: try to group new words by their prefixes. This will help you to remember their meaning.

现在给大家一个学习单词的最佳窍门:试着按生词的前缀来分组。这有助于记忆。

Catherine: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

更多相关内容尽在bbclearningenglish.com. 下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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