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英文病句急诊室300句之02

chenjie 于2015-03-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.  Logic helps develop your ability of thinking.(×)
     Logic helps develop your ability to think.(√)

the / sb's ability to do sth为英文的习惯用法。

2.  How can I improve my ability of writing?(×)
     How can I improve my writing ability?(√)

reading / writing / teaching / acting ability为固定用法。

3.  Your ability of English leaves much to be desired.(×)
     Your ability in English leaves much to be desired.(√)

ability in+学科,表“有某学科的能力”,如:The test is designed to assess the

4.  Peter has shown his abilities for a leader.(×)
     Peter has shown his abilities as a leader.(√)
     Peter has shown his leadership abilities.(√)

abilities as + 身份,表“当……的能力”。

5.  An epidemic like this is able to claim thousands of lives.(×)
     An epidemic like this is capable of claiming thousands of lives.(√)
     An epidemic like this can claim thousands of lives.(√)

论能力时,be able to须用人当主语,如:He was able to mite poems at the age of seven.(他七岁时便能写诗。)至于be capable of (doing) sth或can十V,则用人或物作主语皆可。

6.  A small child is able to make big trouble.(×)
     A small child is capable of making big trouble.(√)
     A small child can make big trouble.(√)

be able to表“(某人)具有……的能力”。be capable of (doing) stb或can+V,除表“能力”外,还具有“有……的可能性”之含意。

7.  Please read it aloud. I am not able to hear you.(×)
     Please read it aloud. I can't hear you.(√)
     She is not able to decide what to buy.(×)
     She can't decide what to buy.(√)

感官动词(see> hear, smell)和表示心理活动的动词(understand, decide, remember)常与can/can't搭配使用。

8.  In the country, you are not able to buy cigarettes or alcohol until you are 18.(×)
     In the country, you can't buy cigarettes or alcohol until you are 18.(√)

有关法令或规定,须用can/can't或be (not) allowed to,如:Teenagers are not allowed to stay out late at night.(青少年不准深夜在外逗留。)

9.  Above two thousand people staged the rally.(×)
     Over two thousand people staged the rally.(√)

表“超过”时,须用over:  above一般不与数字连用,但above可与表度量的数字连用 如:I'm afraid the child is well above 90 kilos.(恐怕这孩子早已超过90公斤了。)

10.  I'm sure the man is over suspicion.(×)
       I'm sure the man is above suspicion.(√)
 

above suspicion / criticism / reproach表“没有嫌疑/无可非议/不能指责”,为固定用法。
 

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