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英文病句急诊室300句之03

chenjie 于2015-03-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The artist is very famous at home and in abroad.(×)
      The artist is very famous at home and abroad.(√)

abroad是副词,其前不可置介词,但from abroad例外,如:My dad is fresh from abroad.(我爸爸刚从国外回来。)

2.   Keep in touch when you go abroad.(×)
      Keep in touch when you are abroad.(√)

go abroad是指(措机)“出国”的动作,此时保持联络不合情理。be abroad指人“在国外”时的状态,此时保持联络才合情合理。

3.   There are two absent students today.(×)
      There are two students absent today.(√)

absent表“缺席的/不在的”时,一般不直接修饰名词,大多接在be动词之后。two students absent即two students who are absent的省略形式。不过在英式用法中,absent可直接修饰少数的几个名词,如:He is an absent father.(他是一个经常不在家的父亲。—即他是一个不称职的父亲。)这句话的美式说法是:He is an absentee father。

4.   John becomes abused when he gets drunk. (×)
      John becomes abusive when he gets drunk.(√)

abused指“被虐待的”,如:an abused child就是指“一个受虐的小孩”。abusive是“谩骂的”或“虐待人的”,如:an abusive parent就是指“虐待儿女的父亲或母亲”。

5.   Mayumi speaks English with strong Japanese accent.(×)
      Mayumi speaks English with a strong Japanese accent. (√)

accent是可数名词,其前须置a或an。

6.   I cannot accept such a person. (×)
      I cannot stand such a person. (√)

accept只能用于“接受”事物,即建议、忠告或邀请,如:I accepted her proposal then and there.(我当场接受了她的提议。)stand表“忍受”,可用人或事物作宾语。

7.   Besides the Net, students should have an access to a good library. (×)
      Besides the Net, students should have access to a good library. (√)

have / get / gain access to sth是指“某人有机会或有权利进入/利用某物”,其中access是不可数名词,其前不可加an。

8.   In fact, the birth of our third child was by accident. (×)
      In fact, the birth of our third child was an accident. (√)

by accident 表“意外地州禺然地”,是副词词组,只能修饰一般动词,不能作be动词的表语,如:I found out the secret by accident.(我偶然发现了这个秘密。)表没有料想到的“意外”时,应该说sth is / was an accident。

9.   She cut her finger carelessly. (×)
      She cut her finger by accident.(√)

carelessly表“粗心大意地”,如:He often drives carelessly.(他开车经常粗心大意。

10.  It is not an accident that Nick has three divorces.(×)
       It is no accident that Nick has three divorces.(√)
 

It is no accident that..意为“某事的发生决非偶然”,为固定用法,不可将no拆成not an。

 

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