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英文病句急诊室300句之05

chenjie 于2015-03-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Lisa has difficulty adapting new surroundings. (x)
      Lisa has difficulty adapting to new surroundings. (√)

adapt(oneself) to sth意为“(使自己)适应某物”。

2.   The movie is adapted for a best-seller.(x)
      The movie is adapted from a best-seller.(√)

be adapted for sth意为“被改编成......",如:The novel has been adapted for the stage.(这本小说已被改编成舞台剧。)be adapted from sth意为“改编自……”。

3.   Add some sugar into your coffee, if you like.(x)
      Add some sugar to your coffee, if you like.(√)

add sth to sth意为“将某物加入到某物”,是固定用法。

4.   The dragon dance will add up the festive atmosphere.(x)
      The dragon dance will add to the festive atmosphere.(√)

add up是“把数字加在一起(以求总数)”,如:Please add up these figures.(请把这些数字加在一起。)add to=increase,是“增加”的意思。

5.   He admitted he was addictive to drinking. (x)
      He admitted he was addicted to drinking.(√)

addictive是指“烟酒或药物会使人上瘾”,如:Smoking is highly addictive.(抽烟极容易使人上瘾。)be addicted to+N/V-ing是指“某人有……之瘾”或“沉迷于......”。

6.   I was brought up by my adopting parents.(x)
      I was brought up by my adoptive parents.(√)

adopt sb表“领养小孩”.如:You can become parents by adopting a child.(你们领养个小孩就可以当父母了。)adoptive是“领养的”,所以adoptive parents是指“养父母”;adopted是“被领养的”,因此adopted children是“养子女”。

7.   The retired colonel is advancing in years.(x)
      The retired colonel is advanced in years.(√)

be advanced in years是指“某人已经年迈”,为固定用法。advancing years / age则用来描述某人“年事渐高”,如:We should take his advancing age into account.她年事渐高,我们也该将其列入考虑范围。)

8.   Let the give you an advice.(x)
      Let me give you a bit of advice.(√)

advice为不可数名词,所以不能直接用不定冠词an来修饰,也不能在其后加s来表示复数的概念。不过,我们可用a bit / piece / word of advice来表示“一条建议”,用bits / pieces / words of advice来表示“很多条建议”。

9.   Many dietitians advise to eat more fruit.(x)
      Many dietitians advise eating more fruit.(√)
      Many diet}ians advise people to eat more fruit.(√)

表示“给予忠告或建议”时要用advise,句型如下:advise sb to do sth或advise+N/V-ing。

10.  We don't want any foreign countries to interfere in our internal affair.(x)
       We don't want any foreign countries to interfere in our internal affairs.(√)
 

单数的affair可指个人的“私事”或与某人的“暖昧关系”,如:My private life is my own affair.(我的私生活是我的私事,用不着你管。)He had an affair with his secretary.(他跟他的秘书有染.)但指国家的重大事务,如外交、内政等时,均用其复数形式affairs,如:foreign affairs。
 

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