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英文病句急诊室300句之08

chenjie 于2015-03-30发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   As a matter of fact, coffee does not agree to me.(x)
      As a matter of fact, coffee does not agree with me. (√)

食物+agree with+某人,表“该食物适合某人的体质”。

2.   The date and the site need to be agreed to.(x)
      The date and the site need to be agreed on. (√)

agree on+共同决定的事物。

3.   At that time, we both had to agree to difference.(x)
      At that time, we both had to agree to differ. (√)

agree to differ / disagree是指“接受彼此不同的看法”,为固定用法。

4.   A clever and hard-working person like him is sure to go ahead.((x)
      A clever and hard-working person like him is sure to get ahead. (√)

go ahead是“让人继续做某事”,如:Go ahead. I won't interrupt you again.(继续做吧。我不会再打扰你。)或表“同意别人的想法、做法”,如:If you want to move out, then go ahead.(如果你想搬出去住.那请便。)get ahead是指“在事业或学业上有成就”。

5.   The war-torn country is trying to seek humanitarian aids from the UN. (x)
      The war-torn country is trying to seek humanitarian aid from the UN. (√)

aid作“援助(金钱或物资)”解时,为不可数名词,如economic/medical/foreign/international aid(经济的/医疗的/外国的/国际的援助)。aid作“辅助器/教材”解时,为可数名词,如a hearing aid(助听器),audio-visual aids(视听辅助器材)。

6.   These measures are aiming at reducing the crime rate.(x)
      These measures are aimed at reducing the crime rate. (√)

aim at sb/sth是“(用枪)瞄准某人或某物”,如:The hunter is aiming at a boar.(这名猎人正瞄准一头野猪。)be aimed at (doing) sth表“为……之目的”。be aimed at sb 表“以某人为对象”,如:The TV commercial is aimed at housewives.(这一则电视广告针对的是家庭主妇。)

7.   Jack enjoys putting on air. (x)
      Jack enjoys putting on airs. (√)

air作“空气”解时,为不可数名词,如:I need some fresh air.(我想出去透透气。)作“态度”或“样子”解时,为可数名词,如:He came back home with a triumphant air.她带着得意洋洋的神情回家。)put on airs意为“装腔做势”,用复数。另外air还可当动词,作“表达”的意思,如:air one's opinions / views / concerns(表达某人的意见看法/关切)。

8.   All the aircrafts are grounded because of the heavy fog.(x)
      All the aircraft are grounded because of the heavy fog. (√)

aircraft表“飞机或直升机等飞行器”,单复数同形。

9.   The burglar ran away empty-handed after he touched the alarm.(x)
      The burglar ran away empty-handed after he triggered the alarm. (√)

trigger / set off an alarm指“触动警报系统”。

10.  The Lord of the Rings is a film that appeals to young and old both.(x)
       The Lord of the Rings is a film that appeals to young and old alike.(√)
 

A and B alike=both A and B,表“既A且B”。
 

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