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英文病句急诊室300句之09

chenjie 于2015-03-30发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Susan was captured lively.(x)
      Susan was captured alive.(√)

lively意为“活泼的”,为形容词,如:Tom is a lively child.(汤姆是个活泼的孩子。) alive意为“活生生的”,也是形容词。be buried / burned/captured alive意为“被活埋/活活烧死/活捉”,是固定用法。

2.   The man in question is still living and kicking.(x)
      The man in question is still alive and kicking.(√)

living作形容词时,通常置于名词之前,如:living death(行尸走肉般的生活),living things (生物),living expenses(生活费)。alive and kicking意为“健在”,为固定用法。

3.   He was so hungry that he ate all the chicken.(x)
      He was so hungry that he ate the whole chicken.(√)

在单数可数名词之前应该用the whole/entire来表达整体或全部。all经常搭配代词使用,如:She ate it all.(她全部吃下去了。)

4.   Mary and Bill are coming to dinner tonight, so be sure to allow them when buying food.(x)
      Mary and Bill are coming to dinner tonight, so be sure to allow for them when buying food. (√)

allow sb to+V,表“容许某人做某事”,如:My parents won't allow me to stay out overnight.(我父母不准我在外过夜。)allow for sb/sth=take sb / sth into consideration,表“考虑到某人/物”。

5.   Those who signed up were almost women.(x)
      Those who signed up were mostly women. (√)

alinost是“几近于”的意思,所以almost women是不正确的说法(除非他们都在进行变性手术)。mostly是“十之八九”的意思。

6.   Only words cannot express my gratitude.(x)
      Words alone cannot express my gratitude. (√)
      Mere words cannot express my gratitude. (√)

表达“光是洋凭……”须用N+alone或(a) mere+N。另外,原错误句是一个很奇怪的说法,其意为:只有文字不能表达我的感激之情。

7.   We are having a great time in a theme park. Want to come together?(x)
      We are having a great time in a theme park. Want to come along?(√)

come together是指“两个或更多人一起来”,如:You both can come together.(你们两个可以一起来。)come along是指“某人(顺便)一道过来”。

8.   I knew all alone that he was a spy.(x)
      I knew ail along that he was a spy.(√)

all alone是“十分孤单”的意思,如:She is all alone in the world.(她在这个世间举目无亲。)all along是“一直”或“自始至终”的意思。

9.   Read it loudly so that I can hear. (x)
      Read it aloud so that I can hear.(√)
      Read it out loud so that I can hear. (√)

loudly是“很大声地”,几近于制造噪音,这个用法相当于副词loud,如:Don't talk so loud / loudly.(不要这么大声说话。)aloud或outloud是指“声音大到可以让人听得见”。

10.   They have already too many guests.(x)
        They already have too many guests.(√)
        They have too many guests already.(√)
        When I arrived, the teacher already was in the classroom.(x)
        When I arrived, the teacher was already in the classroom.(√)
        This industry already has gone downhill.(x)
        This industry has already gone downhill.(√)

already在句中的位置:(1)置于一般动词之前或句末;(2)置于be动词之后:(3)置于have / has和过去分词之间。
 

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