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英文病句急诊室300句之12

chenjie 于2015-03-31发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The dog answers the name of "Hero."(x)
      The dog answers to the name of "Hero." (√)

人/动物+answer to the name of...本指’‘某人或动物对某一个名字有响应”,引申为“名字叫……”。

2.   I am going to answer for the job ad.(x)
      I am going to answer the job ad. (√)

answer for=be responsible for,是“对……负责”的意思,如:You'll have to answer for the consequences of this decision.(你将必须对此决定的后果负责。)表“回复一则招聘广告”,用answer an / the ad。

3.   I anticipate to be of service to you.(x)
      I anticipate being of service to you.(√)

anticipate+V-ing=expect+to V,如:I expect to be of service to you.

4.   It must be an old shop for they sell a variety of curios.(x)
      It must be an antique shop for they sell a variety of curios. (√)

an old shop是指“一家(百年)老店”,但卖的是什么并不清楚。a secondhand shop 是指“一家专卖二手货的店”。an antique shop则是指“一家古董店”。

5.   Our company keeps losing money, and the boss is very anxious.(x)
      Our company keeps losing money, and the boss is very nervous.(√)
      Our company keeps losing money and the boss is very worried. (√)

anxious特指“对将来不可知的事情表示焦虑不安”,如:I'm anxious about the exam results.(我对考试的结果感到焦虑不安。)nervous是指“对即将要发生或面临的事情感到紧张,情绪无法放松”,如:I'm very nervous about the upcoming exams.(我对即将来临的考试倍感紧张。)worried可指“对已(或未)发生的事情表示担忧”。公司亏损既成事实,不能用anxious或nervous。

6.   I am anxious to get a copy of her new novel.(x)
      I am impatient to get a copy of her new novel. (√)
      I can't wait to get a copy of her new novel. (√)

表“迫不及待想做什么”,须用be eager / keen / impatient/longing / dying to+V或can't wait to+V。

7.   To tell you the truth, I don't have any friend here.(x)
      To tell you the truth, I don't have any friends here. (√)

在否定句或疑问句中,any接复数的可数名词或不可数名词,如:"Do you have any money with you?" "No, I don't even have any coins."(“你身上带着钱吗?”“没有,我连硬币都没有。”)

8.   Don't worry. Any idiots can do that.(x)
      Don't worry. Any idiot can do that. (√)

在肯定句中,any表“任一”,仅可修饰单数名词。

9.   Any time cannot be wasted.(x)
      No time can be wasted. (√)

any及相关词(anybody, anyone, anything等)不可置于否定句的句首,须用“No+名词”的形式。

10.   Anyone should avoid making these mistakes.(x)
        Everyone should avoid making these mistakes. (√)
 

指“全体人员”时,应该用everyone或everybody。强调个人(即不管t}她是谁),可用anyone或anybody,如:Anyone can make such mistakes.(任何人都有可能犯这种错误。)

 

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