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英文病句急诊室300句之13

chenjie 于2015-03-31发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Some of my colleagues own two or three cars, but I don't have anyone.(x)
      Some of my colleagues own two or three cars, but I don't have any (one). (√)

anyone/anybody=any person,专门指人。any one或any兼指人和事物。另外I don't believe anyone of them.是错误的句子,应改为:I don't believe any (one) of them.anyone不能接of,但any (one)可以。

2.   Boys of this type are anywhere.(x)
      Boys of this type are everywhere. (√)

everywhere是“到处”的意思,指“在倒每个地方”。anywhere是“在倒任何地方”,比较有选择性,如:You can go anywhere you like.(你可以去你喜欢的任何地方。)

3.   Mere talking won't get you everywhere. (x)
      Mere talking won't get you anywhere.(√)

not get sb anywhere指“对某人没有任何帮助,于事不能有所进展”,为习惯用法。

4.   My two daughters were born five years between. (x)
      My two daughters were born five years apart. (√)

four days / three weeks I two years apart即“(时间)相隔四天/三周/两年”,为习惯用法。

5.   The twin brothers are worlds away in terms of personality. (x)
      The twin brothers are worlds apart in terms of personality. (√)

worlds / poles apart表“有极大的差异”,为习惯用法。

6.   I would like to apologize for her. (x)
      I would like to apologize to her. (√)

apologize to sb for sth. 表“因某事向某人道歉”,如:I would like to apologize to him for being late.(因为迟到,我想跟他道歉。)

7.   Though written for young children, the book appeals for adults as well.(x)
      Though written for young children, the book appeals to adults as well. (√)

appeal for sth是’‘呼吁/请求……”的意思,如:The government is appealing for calm/unity.(政府正呼吁大家要冷静/团结。)appeal to sb是“对某人有吸引力”的意思。另外,appeal to sth是“诉诸……”,如:President Bush decided to appeal to arms.(布什总统决定诉诸武力。)

8.   Typhoons often appear between July and September.(x)
      Typhoons often occur between July and September. (√)

appear是指“人或物出现(被看见)”,较适合用在具体的名词上,如:Venus appeared in the evening sky.(金星出现在傍晚的天空。)台风或地震这类事件应用。occur。

9.   Don't destroy your appetite by eating snacks before a meal.(x)
      Don't spoil your appetite by eating snacks before a meal.(√)

destroy是“破坏殆尽”,即破坏到不可收拾的地步。食欲如果遭到这样的破坏,以后吃东西就完全没有胃口了,这多可怕啊!spoil / ruin one's appetite才是正确的说法。

10.  After the performance, the leading actor and actress reappeared on the stage
amid a thunderous applause. (x)
      After the performance, the leading actor and actress reappeared on the
stage amid thunderous applause. (√)
 

applause表“鼓掌”,为不可数名词,所以不能说an applause或a(n)...applause。但可以说a round of applause(一阵鼓掌声)。

 

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