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英文病句急诊室300句之15

chenjie 于2015-04-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Children of this age are easy to make mistakes.(x)
      Children of this age are apt to make mistakes. (√)

easy表“容易的”,针对事物而不针对人,如:These questions are easy to answer.(这些问题很容易回答。)be apt to = tend to=be inclined to,表“有……之倾向”的意思。

2.   Many industries have moved into the electronic area.(x)
      Many industries have moved into the electronic arena.(√)

area是有关“地区”最笼统的一个词。arena本意为“竞技场”,引申为任何“角逐的领域”,如:enter the political arena即“进入政界”的意思。

3.   A new difficulty happened when we tried to solve the problem.(x)
      A new difficu勺arose when we tried to solve the problem.(√)

happen / occur / take place是指事件的“发生”。difficulty / problem / issue / question的“发生/产生”只能用arise.

4.   Arithmetics is a branch of mathematics. (x)
      Arithmetic is a branch of mathematics. (√)

arithmetic不可加s, mathematics恒有s,为固定用法。

5.   Susan wouldn't stop crying until her boyfriend took her under his arm. (x)
      Susan wouldn't stop crying until her boyfriend took her in his arms. (√)

take / hold sb in one's arms即“将某人紧紧抱在怀里”,为固定用法。under one's arm 是指“把某物挟在腋下”,如:Helen was carrying a book under her arm.(海伦将一本书挟在腋下。)

6.   Keep that guy at an arm's length.(x)
      Keep that guy at arm's length. (√)

keep sb at arm's、length意为“跟某人保持适当距离”,为固定用法,不可在arm's之前加an。但cost sb an arm and a leg这个词组须加an,如:It will cost an arm and a leg to buy a house like this(要买一栋像这样的房子是需要花很多钱的。)

7.   Rachel's strange look arose our suspicions. (x)
      Rachel's strange look aroused our suspicions.(√)

arose是arise的过去式,为不及物动词,其后不可直接接宾语,但arise from(起源于)可接宾语,如:Our misunderstandings arise from the lack of communication.(我们之间的误会是由缺乏沟通引起的.) arouse one's sympathy / suspicious/curiosity 表.“引起某人的同情/怀疑/好奇”.为固定用法。

8.   At his arrival in Taipei,he went straight to the Grand Hotel. (x)
      On his arrival in Taipei, he went straight to the Grand Hotel.(√)

on / upon sb's arrival 表“某人一抵达(某地)”,为固定用法。

9.   Early arrival may get the best seats. (x)
      Early arrivals may get the best seats. (√)

arrival 表“抵达”时,通常是不可数名词:作“抵达的人或物”解时,是可数名词。

10.   Do you like modem arts? (x)
        Do you like modem art? (√)
        If you don't like the sciences, you may pick up the art. (x)
        If you don't like the sciences, you may pick up the arts. (√)

art表“艺术”时,是抽象名词,不可数,如:Renaissance art(文艺复兴时期的艺术); 作“人文学科”时.是可数名词,且用复数。

 

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