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英文病句急诊室300句之19

chenjie 于2015-04-02发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The doctor was tallcing to a woman who was having a baby.(x)
      The doctor was talking to a woman who was expecting a baby. (√)

having a baby可兼指“怀孕的”和“正在生孩子”。为避免混淆,应使用expecting a baby或pregnant来表示“怀孕的”。

2.   Once you marry that guy, there will be no going backward.(x)
      Once you marry that guy, there will be no going back. (√)

no going / turning back意为“无法回头”,是一种比喻的说法,为固定用语。backward作副词时,指方向上的“向后”,如:I glanced backward to see what happened.(我向后看了一眼以了解发生了什么事。)

3.   Don't speak ill of others behind their back.(x)
      Don't speak ill of others behind their backs. (√)

behind one's backs),意为“在某人的背后”,须配合单复数变化使用。

4.   I've got a photo of that rock star with his autograph in the back.(x)
      I've got a photo of that rock star with his autograph on the back. (√)

on the back (of sth)是指“在某物的背面”。in/at the back (of sth)通常是指在书本或报纸的最后几页,如:Refer to the index in the back for technical terms.(专业术语请参阅书后的索引。)

5.   You cannot imagine how bad I need the money.(x)
      You cannot imagine how badly I need the money.(√)

need / want sth badly是“非常需/想要某物”的意思,为固定用法。

6.   They all believe the election is in a bag.(x)
      They all believe the election is in the bag.(√)

be in the bag = be certain to be won or achieved,意为“一定能赢或成功”,是固定用语。

7.   How many baggages do you have?(x)
      How many pieces of baggage do you have? (√)

baggage或luggage(英式用法)是“行李”的集合名词,不可数。要表达件数时,须用a piece / two pieces of baggage。

8.   Don't forget to go to the baggage's claim. (x)
      Don't forget to go to the baggage claim. (√)

“机场领取行李处”的固定用语为baggage claim(美式用法)或baggage reclaim(英式用法),baggage后不加 ’s。

9.   The suspect was released on a bail. (x)
      The suspect was released on bail. (√)

bail是“保释金”,为不可数名词。

10.   You ought to get a balance between work and play.(x)
        You ought to strike a balance between work and play. (√)
 

strike a balance (between...)是“在两者之间取得一个平衡”,为固定用法。

 

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