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英文病句急诊室300句之21

chenjie 于2015-04-02发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   I’ll make a bath for you.(x)
      I'll run a bath for you. (√)

英文中没有 make a bath的说法。“放洗澡水”是run a bath。洗澡是take a bath (美式用法)或have a bath (英式用法)。另外,如要讲“你的洗澡水放好了”可说Your bath is ready。

2.   The battery is useless. You need to recharge it. (x)
      The battery is dead. You need to recharge it. (√)

The battery is useless是说“这个电池不能再使用”,因此充电也无济于事,所以该接着说You need to change it.(你需要更换电池了。)至于电池“没电”.正确的用词是dead(美式用法)或flat(英式用法)。

3.   I started to be angry when I sensed that she would stand me up.(x)
      I started to get angry when I sensed that she would stand me up. (√)

be angry是生气的“完成”状态,如:Mary was angry when I came in.(当我进门时,玛丽早就在生气。)get / become / grow angry则表由“未完成”进入“完成”的动作,如:Mary got angry when I came in.(当我进门时,玛丽就生气了。)这个“气”摆明是冲着“我”来的。

4.   Since my brother is well over 30, he would like to get married and bear
children. (x)
      Since my brother is well over 30, he would like to get married and have
children.(√)

生孩子是女人的专利,所以男人不能bear / give birth to children。但是男人可以have/beget children(注:beget是典雅的用词,较少使用)。

5.   Peter can win anyone at chess.(x)
      Peter can beat anyone at chess. (√)

win(赢)可以接比赛、战争、奖项或奖金为宾语,甚至不接宾语,但不可以某人作宾语,如:You win (the game/money).就是“你赢了(这场比赛/奖金)。”“赢了/打败某人”应说beat / defeat sb。

6.   A couple of drinks make my heart jtunp faster.(x)
      A couple of drinks make my heart beat faster.(√)

sb's heart jumps是指某人受到惊吓或遇到意外时,“心脏好像快要跳出来似的”,如:When a truck sped alongside me, I felt my heart jump.(当一辆大卡车从我身旁呼啸而过时,我觉得心脏都决跳出来了似的。)单纯的“心跳加速”用beat faster。

7.   I'm beaten, and I really need a rest. (x)
      I'm beat, and I really need a rest. (√)

be beaten是“被打败”的意思。be beat(此处的beat作形容词)=be exhausted=be very tired,是“疲惫不堪”的意思。

8.   If you want to come, let us know before. (x)
      If you want to come, let us know before you do. (√)
      If you want to come, let us know beforehand. (√)

before是“从前”的意思,用法参见前文(词条ago)。 beforehand=in advance,是“提前”或“事先”的意思。

9.   At the beginning, I didn't particularly like Mandy, but later I found myself growing attached to her.(x)
      In the beginning, I didn't particularly like Mandy, but later I found myself growing attached to her.(√)

at the beginning通常要接 of 所引导的词组,用来表达一个明确的“开始”,如:At the beginning of the movie, there is a war scene.(在这部电影的开始有一个战争的场面。)in the beginning (不接of) =at first = initially,用来表达“起初”这个较为笼统的开始。

10.   I think he behaves rudely to his children. (x)
        I think he behaves rudely toward his children. (√)

behave towards)=treat,是“对待某人”的意思。towards是英式用法。
 

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