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英文病句急诊室300句之22

chenjie 于2015-04-02发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   How do you explain her eccentric behaviors? (x)
      How do you explain her eccentric behavior't.(√)

behavior表“行为”,是不可数名词。

2.   Your behavior is like an idiot. (x)
      Your behavior is like an idiot's. (√)
      You behave like an idiot. (√)

英文的语言逻辑:某人可以像白痴(因白痴也是人).但行为是“物”,不能像白痴,故无法对应。上述两个正确的例句中,your behavior 可以和 an idiot's(省略behavior)对应; you可以和 an idiot对应。

3.   He srore to find out the truth on the back of the rumor.(x)
      He swore to find out the truth behind the rumor. (√)

on the back of sth是指“具体物体的背面”。the truth / motive behind sth是指“某事/物背后的真相/动机”,为固定用法。

4.   I believe in George this time because he seems to be telling the truth.(x)
      I believe George this time because he seems to be telling the truth.(√)

believe in sb / sth是“相信某人/物存在”,如:I believe in God / ghosts.(我相信上帝/鬼魂存在着。) believe sb是“相信某人所说的话”。另外believe in sb也有“信赖某人(的能力/人格)”的意思,如:We want a President that we can believe in.(我们要的是一个可以信赖的总统。)

5.   Quite a few people still believe capital punishment.(x)
      Quite a few people still believe in capital punishment. (√)

believe sth是“相信某事/物是真的”,如:I believe nothing she says.(我不相信她说的任何一句话。) believe in sth是“相信某事/物有益或有效”,所以有“主张”的意思,如:As far as losing weight is concerned, I believe in taking exercise. (就减肥而言,我主张运动。)

6.   Can you believe in your eyes?(x)
      Can you believe your eyes?(√)

can / could (not / hardly) believe your eyes / ears,即“能不能相信自己的亲眼所见或亲且所闻”,常用于否定句或疑问句中,为固定用法。

7.   I deeply believe that nature will bite back.(x)
      I firmly believe that nature will bite back.(√)

deeply believe是中文式的说法.英文无此说法。要说“对某事/物深信不疑”,正确的说法是 firmly / sincerely / strongly / truly believe (that).....

8.   The dictionary belongs to that shelf.(x)
     The dictionary belongs on that shelf. (√)

belong to sb是“属于某人”的意思,如:The encyclopedia belongs to me.(这套百科全书属于我。) belong on / in是“(该)归位在某个地方”的意思。

9.    Please go back where you belong to. (x)
      Please go back where you belong. (√)

belong here / there / where (不加to),是固定用法。

10.   When you get off, don't forget your personal belonging. (x)
        When you get off, don't forget your personal belongings. (√)

belongings指“某人的财物或随身带的东西”,用复数。belonging(不可数名词)则见于sense of belonging这个词组,是“归属感”的意思,如:I have no sense of belonging working there.(在那里工作我没有归属感。)

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