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英文病句急诊室300句之24

chenjie 于2015-04-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   Between you and me, we have collected $2,000 for charity. (x)  
      Between us, we have collected $z,ooo for charity.(√)
      Between us, our boss was absent.(x)
      Between you and me, our boss was absent. (√)

“两者或以上共同的努力或拥有”,用between us/them;表“不要告诉别人”,则须用between you and me或between ourselves。

2.   Be aware of the dog! It might bite.(x)
      Beware of the dog! It might bite. (√)

be aware of=know,是“知道”或“了解”的意思,如:None was aware of the seriousness of the matter(当时没有人知道这件事情的严重性。) beware of是叫人“要提防某人或某物”的意思,常用于祈使句。

3.   The bible is also valuable in terms of literature. (x)
      The Bible is also valuable in terms of literature. (√)

指《圣经》时,须用a / the Bible(用大写形式),如: I'd like to buy a hardback Bible.(我想要买一本精装本的《圣经》。)作一般可供参考的“有价值书籍”解时,则用a / the bible.如:The anatomy book has been a bible for medical students(这本解剖学用书一直被医学院学生奉为圣经。)

4.   There is a big possibility that the politician will stage a comeback. (x)
      There is a strong possibility that the politician will stage a comeback. (√)
      The virus poses a big threat to human life. (x)
      The virus poses a serious threat to human life. (√)

虽然中文可讲“可能性很大”,但英文只能说a strong possibility,这是英文的习惯用法。同理,“极大的威胁”是a serious threat,不用big。

5.   Before I go to work, I usually watch a bit TV news. (x)
      Before I go to work, I usually watch a bit of TV news. (√)
      Before I go to work, I usually watch a little TY news. (√)

a bit / little + 形容词,如:I’m feeling a bit / little tired.(目前我觉得有点累了。) a little/a (little) bit of+名词,如:The child could eat a little / a (little) bit of food now.(现在这个小孩可以稍微进点食了。)

6.   You are a little bit too young to be a soldier. (x)
      You are a little too young to be a soldier.(√)
      You are a bit too young to be a soldier. (√)

a bit / little too…为固定用法。

7.   Martha and I got divorced, and she blamed on me.(x)
      Martha and I got divorced, and she blamed it on me.(√)
      Martha and I got divorced, and she blamed me for it.(√)

blame sth on sb=blame sb for sth,即“将某事归罪于某人",是固定用法。

8.   I wonder who is to be b1amed for these ridiculous mistakes.(x)
      I wonder who is to blame for these ridiculous mistakes.(√)

be to blame (for sth)是指“某人该(为某事)负责”,为习惯用法。

9.   Suddenly the TV screen went blind.(x)
      Suddenly the TV screen went blank.(√)

go blind是指“某人因疾病或意外导致眼睛瞎了”,如:The accident made him go blind in one eye.(那起事故使他瞎了一只眼。〕指(电视等)画面的突然消失,用go blank,即“一片空白”之意

10.  It all happened in the flash of an eye.(x)
       It all happened in the blink of an eye. (√)
 

“在一瞬间”的英文表达方式:in the blink of an eye=in the twinkling of an eye=in a twinkling=in / like a flash。
 

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