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英文病句急诊室300句之26

chenjie 于2015-04-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The train is bound to Shanghai.(x)
      The train is bound for Shanghai.(√)

be bound to + V = be certain to + V,是“一定......” 的意思,如:Your teacher is bound to find out about it.(你的老师一定会发现的。)另外,be / feel bound to + V = be / feel obliged to + V,是“有义务……” 的意思,如:I feel bound to tell her the truth.(我觉得有义务告诉她真相。) be bound for是“前往/开往”的意思。

2.   It seems that a child's curiosity knows no bound. (x)
      It seems that a child's curiosity knows no bounds. (√)

know no bounds(用复数)意为“没有止境/界限”,为固定用法。

3.   What brand is your car?(x)
      What make is your car?(√)

一般来说,货物的品牌用brand,如:What brand of detergent do you use?(你使用何种品牌的清洁剂?)机器或汽车的品牌用make。

4.   You could be sued for break of contract.(x)
      You could be sued for breach of contract. (√)
      You could be sued for breaking a 1 the contract.(√)

“违约”的说法有:(1) breach of contract ( 其中的breach为名词): (2) break a / the contract(其中的break为动词)。

5.   What time do you usually have the breakfast?(x)
      What time do you usually have breakfast? (√)

三餐(breakfast, lunch, dinner)指“事件”时,其前不加a/the/this/my。但指“内容”时,则在其前可加a/the/this/my,如:It's an American breakfast(这是美式的早餐。)

6.   I have a stuffy nose, so I cannot breath properly.(x)
      I have a stuffy nose, so I cannot breathe properly. (√)

breath是“呼吸”的名词形式.如:take a deep breath (深深吸一口气)。动词的形式是breathee。

7.   Jack was accused of bribe.(x)
      Jack was accused of bribery. (√)

bribe当动词时,为“贿赂某人”的意思,如:He tried to bribe the judge.(他想要贿赂法官。)bribe作名词时,指“用来行贿的金钱或礼物”,如:The officer admitted taking a bribe.(这名官员承认受贿。) bribery专指贿赂的行为。

8.   Our electronics industry brings a lot of foreign exchange. (x)
      Our electronics industry brings in a lot of foreign exchange. (√)

bring是“带来”的意思。bring in是“赚进”的意思。

9.   Now I'm completely broken. Could you lend me some money? (x)
      Now I'm completely broke. Could you lend me some money?(√)

broken是“破碎的”,如:Be careful not to step on the broken glass!(小心不要踩到碎玻璃!) broke是指个人“身无分文”或公司“破产”。

10.  The robber is medium build and about your height. (x)
       The robber is of medium build and about your height.(√)

build作名词时,是指某人的“体格/体型”。of medium / average build是指“属中等体型”。

 

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