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英文病句急诊室300句之27

chenjie 于2015-04-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   The body has a built-in ability to heal itself. (x)
      The body has an inbuilt ability to heal itself. (√)

built-in表“内建/置的”,主要用来说明机械或仪器中的装置,如:The gadget has a built-in camera.(这个玩意儿内置一个相机。) inbuilt 或 in-built则专门用来说明某人/物,“天生自然”的特质。

2.   Despite its big, the Mercedes handles like a small car.(x)
      Despite its bulk, the Mercedes handles like a small car. (√)
      Despite its (big) size, the Mercedes handles like a small car. (√)

big是形容词,不能作名词用。表人/物的体型“庞大”时,应该用bulk 或size。

3.   The entire journey was a choppy ride. (x)
      The entire journey was a bumpy ride.(√)

choppy表水面“波涛汹涌的”,如:Our boat was sailing on the choppy water.(我们的船正行驶在波涛汹涌的水面上。) bumpy 表路面或旅程“颠簸难行的”。

4.   "Shorty" is a byword for the duke.(x)
      "Shorty" is a nickname for the duck. (√)

be a byword for sth (非sb) 表“……是某种特性/点之别名或代名词”,如:"Rolex" is now a byword for quality (“劳力士”是品质保证的一个代名词。)nickname是称呼某人的“绰号”或“昵称”。

5.   I need a towel and a soap.(x)
      I need a towel and a cake of soap. (√)

soap (肥皂) 一般为不可数名词,须在前面加.‘单位”。“一块肥皂”的说法是a cake /bar of soap。

6.   It must be a calculating crime.(x)
      It must be a calculated crime. (√)

calculating是“精打细算的”,如:Mr. Li is a calculating businessman.(李先生是一位精打细算的生意人。) calculated是“事先计划好的”或“蓄意的”。

7.   It takes a man like your caliber to complete the mission. (x)
      It takes a man of your caliber to complete the mission. (√)

caliber本指“枪/炮的口径”,引申为“人的才干”。of your / his / my caliber为固定用法。

8.   Mary called in to say sick this morning.(x)
      Mary called in sick this morning. (√)

call in sick是“打电话来请病假”,为固定用法。

9.   The countryside will provide a calm environment. (x)
      The countryside will provide a peaceful environment. (√)

calm是“平静的”之意,尤指在一阵动乱之后的平静,如:The city is calm again after yesterday's riots.(经过昨天的暴动之后.这个城市恢复了平静。) peaceful指“安静的”。

10.  The scandal has attracted a host of photographers.(x)
       The scandal has attracted a host of cameramen. (√)

photographer是指专业或业余的“摄影师”,与新闻工作无关。cameraman是指从事电影或电视工作的“摄影师”或“摄影记者”。
 

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